Everyone is no stranger to hemorrhoids, but if you mistakenly think that you just have hemorrhoids after having blood in your stool, the harm will be great. “I only occasionally have bloodshot eyes in my stool. I thought I had hemorrhoids. I didn’t take it seriously. I didn’t expect it to be bowel cancer.” The 38-year-old Mr. Zhou had a small section of the large intestine removed. Mr. Zhou is in good health. He usually works on the construction site. Because of the high labor intensity, he usually likes to eat some greasy, heavy-tasting dishes with a little wine in order to supplement his physical strength. A year ago, he occasionally found bloodshot stools in his stool. Since there was no obvious discomfort in the stomach, he thought it was just hemorrhoids. He didn’t take it to heart, and he took some medicine, and the bleeding stopped.
Until two months ago, Mr. Zhou’s stool frequency increased significantly, and the blood in the stool became more and more serious. In most of the year, the blood in the stool did not improve, and there were alternate diarrhea and constipation, bloody stools, black stools, and pus stools. With repeated urging from his family, he went to the hospital to find the cause of the blood in the stool. After a colonoscopy biopsy, he was diagnosed with bowel cancer, and the doctor advised him to operate immediately.
”Doctor, no one in my family has ever had this disease. Why am I so unlucky?” Mr. Zhou was very surprised. The anorectal doctor said: “Mr. Zhou has no family history. The main problem should be diet. In addition, it is very common that hemorrhoids are considered to be hemorrhoids after the discovery of blood in the stool, and treatment is delayed. This situation is very common. If he goes to the hospital for examination in time after the symptoms appear, we can choose to intervene under the endoscopy, and the treatment plan will be simply and more, and you can recover more quickly. ”
colorectal cancer, including colon and colorectal cancer, is one of the most common malignant tumors in the digestive tract, according to the 2020 global cancer statistics show that China’s overall incidence of colorectal cancer rate jumped to first Two people. Among patients with colorectal cancer, people over the age of 40 are high-risk groups, but in recent years, there is a trend of getting younger.
Blood in the stool is a common manifestation of hemorrhoids and colorectal cancer, but there are differences between the two
Clinically, it has been found that many patients with colorectal cancer mistake the stool for bleeding for hemorrhoids. Because hemorrhoids are mostly located near the anus and located outside, the bleeding is usually bright red, not mixed with stool, and often attached to the surface of the stool. Intestinal cancer bleeding is dark red, often mixed with stool, and has mucus and blood stains. Therefore, when you find that you continue to have blood in the stool, or lose weight for no reason, abdominal discomfort, diarrhea and constipation alternately, and increase the frequency of bowel movements for no reason, it is recommended to go to the hospital to check whether you have colorectal cancer. It is not uncommon to have both hemorrhoids and colorectal cancer. This part of the population should be more vigilant.
In addition to blood in the stool, what are the signs of colorectal cancer
● bowel habits
increased stool frequency, or alternating diarrhea and constipation; stool tapering shape, deformation, defecation strain; when defecation, the stool but no solved.
mainly as bloating, abdominal pain, severe cases patients will appear colic symptoms and then closed, prone to intestinal checkups, abdominal bulge, as well as local tenderness, and accompanied by strong Kang bowel sounds .
● anemia, weight loss,
tumor ulceration blood loss, resulting in patients with fever, fatigue, anemia, weight loss and edema, particularly anemia and weight loss is the most common, is a very obvious manifestation of the disease early.
● abdominal mass
in patients with abdominal mass is easy to touch and sicker as the mass increases, the disease progresses to medium term will be pressing pain.
More than 90% of colorectal cancers evolved from polyps. Colorectal cancer developed from normal mucosa, developed to a metastatic cancer, and eventually led to the death of the patient. “Early cancer-advanced cancer-extensive metastasis-death” such a process, the whole process takes 10 to 15 years.
Once the above-mentioned suspicious symptoms appear, they must not be ignored. You should go to the hospital for medical treatment in time. If necessary, you need to have a digital rectal examination, rectal endoscopy, colonoscopy and other examinations.
Early screening is important
Although the incidence of colorectal cancer is high, it is preventable and controllable, and early detection can greatly increase the cure rate. The reason why the mortality rate of colorectal cancer in my country is so high is related to the public’s lack of awareness of early screening. The survey data shows that many patients often wait until their body is already unwell before going to the hospital for examination, missing the best treatment period, which leads to the tragedy of “the first discovery is the late stage”. Colonoscopy is the most important means of diagnosing bowel cancer. Patients with rectal cancer have no symptoms in the early stage, so regular physical examinations and early screening are very important.
The following high-risk groups should undergo colonoscopy screening in time:
●Positive stool occult blood.
People with symptoms of blood in the stool, or those with positive fecal occult blood on physical examination, or those with elevated tumor markers (CEA, CA199, CA125, etc.) on physical examination, are recommended to undergo colonoscopy.
●First-degree relatives have a history of colorectal cancer.
●Have a history of intestinal adenoma in the past.
●Have a history of cancer.
●There is a change in bowel habits.
● Meet any of the following 2 items:
chronic diarrhea, chronic constipation, mucus blood in the stool, chronic appendicitis or history of appendectomy, history of chronic cholecystitis or cholecystectomy, long-term mental depression.
Unhealthy diet and living habits are the bane
In addition to family genetic factors, colorectal cancer is closely related to lifestyle. Therefore, prevention of colorectal cancer must first start with a healthy diet and living habits.
● eat more food cellulose containing
fruits and vegetables contain large amounts of cellulose, cellulose soluble plant able to absorb more water to soften the stool and increased stool volume, rectal irritation, defecation easier, thereby reducing the accumulation of toxins in the body.
● Eat less meat
and fat meat intake too much can lead to increased incidence of colorectal cancer, derived from animal saturated fat and the incidence of colorectal cancer is most closely relationship; changing high-fat, high-calorie, high-protein, low-fiber Eating habits; eat less spicy, grilled, fried, and high-fat and greasy foods, especially fried or roasted meats, which will produce carcinogens during the cooking process and increase the risk of colorectal cancer; pickled foods and put them away Food that is too long should be kept away as much as possible.
● control drinking, smoking, overweight and obesity alert
alcohol intake and smoking, will bring long-term toxicity and gastrointestinal inflammatory stimuli. There is also a significant correlation between weight gain in adulthood and the risk of bowel cancer.
● adhere to exercise
exercise can promote gastrointestinal peristalsis, and promote bowel movements, which will help reduce carcinogens to stay in the intestine, preventing colorectal cancer; exercise can self-relaxation, relieve stress, affect hormone levels and metabolic rate, and improve the body’s immunity to it Helpful.
● develop good bowel habits
to maintain a smooth stool, to develop regular bowel habits every day. Pay attention to defecation, not tolerate defecation, reduce playing with electronic products when going to the toilet to avoid distractions, and squat in the toilet soon.