Induced abortion is a way of artificial intervention in the pregnancy process, which refers to the termination of pregnancy by medication or artificial methods within 3 months of pregnancy. Artificial abortion is generally used as a remedy after contraceptive failure and unexpected pregnancy. It is also used in cases where the pregnancy is not suitable for continued pregnancy due to disease factors, in order to avoid genetic diseases or congenital malformations. The specific methods of artificial abortion mainly include medical abortion and surgical abortion, such as medical abortion, forceps and curettage artificial abortion, negative pressure suction abortion and so on. Since artificial abortion is an abnormal way to terminate the pregnancy, it has a certain degree of risk, and it is necessary to fully understand and raise awareness.
Is it safe to abort
As a method of contraception, artificial abortion cannot guarantee its safety even though the current level of technology is relatively mature. Artificial abortion is based on the gestational uterus. As the pregnancy progresses, the uterus will become softer, larger, thicker blood vessels, and increased blood flow. If the uterus cannot effectively contract and close the blood vessels during the operation, more bleeding will occur. The larger the uterus, the more bleeding. In some pregnant women, abortion syndrome and amniotic fluid embolism may occur during surgery, such as dizziness, chest tightness, whole body sweating, pale complexion, decreased blood pressure, arrhythmia, and slowed heartbeat. In severe cases, convulsions and fainting may occur. The main reason is that the operation stimulates the cervix, the vagus nerve is excited, and then causes symptoms. Within a few minutes after the rupture of the larger uterus, the patient may have allergic symptoms caused by amniotic fluid embolism such as cyanosis, chest tightness, chills, and restlessness. Abortion surgery cannot be performed under direct vision. Doctors need to judge the position, size, depth of the uterine wall, and embryo attachment position based on the feel of the hand. As a result, the difficulty of the operation is greatly increased and complications such as uterine perforation may occur.
The first pregnancy should not be easily aborted
Artificial abortion is just a remedy that has to be taken after contraceptive failure, which may affect future fertility. Many young women have some unhealthy symptoms after their first pregnancy, they will think that there is a problem with the development of the fetus, and they strongly demand an abortion. There are also some young women who have unintended pregnancy due to premarital sex and can only resort to abortion remedies. For pregnant women who are pregnant for the first time, an abortion cannot be easily performed. For example, for women whose mother-to-child blood types are incompatible, only the first child is the most likely to give birth to a healthy fetus, and pregnancy again after abortion will greatly increase the risk of neonatal hemolytic disease. Artificial abortion may cause menstrual disorders, fallopian tube obstruction, uterine adhesions, pelvic inflammatory disease, accessory inflammation and other complications, and may cause secondary infertility. Women who are pregnant for the first time have a tighter uterus, which is more prone to injury during surgery and uterine adhesions after surgery. At the same time, the risk of pregnancy and childbirth will increase in the future, and the risk of major bleeding, residual, placental adhesion, placenta previa, and premature delivery will also increase. In addition, artificial abortion is not the same as spontaneous abortion. It is a way of forcibly terminating pregnancy, so it may also cause mastitis, breast lobular hyperplasia, breast lumps and other diseases.
Induced abortion may cause infertility
After an artificial abortion, it may cause secondary infertility, and the reasons are more complicated. For example, the patient has severe cervicitis, or the surgical disinfection is not strict, bacteria enter the uterine cavity, and fallopian tube inflammation occurs, which causes blockage of the fallopian tubes. In induced abortion, curettage or excessive suction of the uterus causes damage to the endometrium and cervical canal, and adhesions shrink or block adhesions, resulting in the inability of sperm to enter the uterine cavity. Curettage or suction destroys the basal layer of the endometrium, causing it to fail to regenerate, and then long-term amenorrhea occurs, and the fertilized egg has no place to implant. Artificial abortion can easily cause amenorrhea, adhesions of the cervix and uterus, salpingitis, etc., which may cause secondary infertility.
Repeated abortion is more harmful
If the artificial abortion is repeatedly accepted, it will cause greater harm and cause many undesirable consequences. For example, repeated abortions will cause increased uterine bleeding, infection, and injury, and more likely to occur amniotic fluid embolism or abortion syndrome, which will have a greater impact on the health of patients. An artificial abortion causes a sudden suspension of the human body, which can easily cause disorders of the reproductive organs, endocrine system, and central nervous system, which require readjustment to recover. When the system is not restored to a balanced state, it is prone to manifestations such as autonomic disorders and menstrual disorders. Scratching the endometrium many times, the basal glands remain less, the regeneration ability is lost, and it is easy to cause amenorrhea or oligomenorrhea. In the second pregnancy, the placenta is planted on the intima with few glands and too much fibrous tissue, and the nutritional supply is insufficient. It is also prone to complications such as placental adhesion, placenta implantation, and placenta previa. Repeated curettage of the uterine cavity can cause damage to the endocervical lining and uterine lining. In the healing process, adhesions of the cervix or uterine cavity are prone to occur and are released in, endometriosis, periodic abdominal pain, and oligomenorrhea , Amenorrhea and other needle-shaped.
Induced abortion is an artificial way to terminate pregnancy. Because the pregnancy process is not terminated naturally, it may cause more adverse effects on patients. Therefore, it is necessary to have a more in-depth understanding and understanding of artificial abortion, and minimize the choices of artificial abortion to ensure their own health and safety.