The generation and development of personal names are closely related to the social conditions and customs of various countries: people in most countries have a first name and a surname, and some have a name but no surname; some have a first name and some have a last name; Some families have a surname, some families have a surname…
Burmese names keep changing
Burmese people have only first names but no surnames, and their names are constantly changing from childhood to adulthood and throughout their lives. For example, a person named Danwei was called Maung Dandong when he was a child, Ko Dandong when he was an adult, and Dandong Wu when he was old. If he joins the army and becomes an officer in his adulthood, he can add a Bo (Bo) in front of his name, namely Bo Guo Dandong, and later if he engages in political activities, he will add Yebaw to become Yebo Bo Guo. Dandong. Under normal circumstances, a prefix indicating gender, seniority or social status is added to the name, but there are some that do not. Whether to add or not, and how many to add, is determined by various aspects such as ethics, social status, and Buddhism. It should be noted that the “Wu” in the Burmese name does not have the meaning of a surname, but is just a respectful name, which means “uncle, uncle”, and also “sir”.
Not everyone can inherit the Cambodian father’s surname
Prince Norodom Sihanouk can be said to be the most famous Cambodian in China. Norodom is the surname and Sihanouk is the first name. His son is Norodom Ranariddh. However, generally only aristocrats have the right to inherit their father’s surname, and common people often use their father’s name as their surname, and some use their grandfather’s surname, so surnames vary from generation to generation in commoner families.
Arabs have only first names but no last names
Arab names are generally composed of personal name + father’s name + grandfather’s name + great-grandfather’s name + family or tribal name, which can be said to have only first name but no last name. However, some scholars believe that the first name after the person’s name can be regarded as the last name, or the last clan name is the last name. However, unless the royal family and famous families, the general Arabs pay more attention to their own name and father’s name. After entering the 20th century, Arabs were influenced by Western names and surnames, and often regarded the last paragraph of their names as their surnames.
Bulgarian surnames are derived from first names
The name of a Bulgarian is composed of personal name + father’s name + last name. According to data records, Bulgarians did not have their own surnames until the 19th century, and most of their surnames were derived from their first name, nickname, occupation and suffixes such as -ski, -ov, -ev, and some were derived from geographical names. , So Bulgarians have very diverse surnames.
Russian surnames are divided into men and women
Most Russians can tell whether they are male or female from their surnames, that is to say, surnames can be divided into male and female surnames. Male surnames often end in -ov, -ev, -in, -sky; female surnames often end in -o-va, -eva, -ina, -skaya. If the father’s surname is Mayakovsky, then his daughter’s surname can be changed to Mayakovskaya, that is, the suffix of the father’s surname sky is changed to -skaya; for example, the father’s surname is Kari Mov (Karimov), the daughter’s last name is Karimova (Karimova).
Zulu father’s name changed to family surname
The surnames of African Zulus are very different in traditional and modern societies. In traditional society, Zulu people form their surname by adding a prefix to their father’s name. There are two ways of expression: one is to add a “0” before their father’s name. For example, if the father’s name is Shaka, then Oshaka becomes the surname of all Shaka’s children; the second is to add “ka” in front of the father’s name, which means “belongs to XX”. One is called Musini Ka Makvata, whose full name means “Mushini of Makvata”, or “Muchny is the daughter of Makvata”.