I was pregnant in October and gave birth at once. For pregnant women, ten months is neither long nor short. To ensure the health of mother and child, pregnant women must pay attention to a reasonable diet and safe medication during pregnancy.
A reasonable diet is the key to the normal growth and development of the fetus. From the fertilized egg to the formation of the fetus, to weight gain, the number of cells grows from a single to tens of billions, and this process requires a lot of nutrients. For pregnant women, especially in the later stages of pregnancy, the sodium, water and other substances in the pregnant woman’s body accumulate in the body, the subcutaneous fat increases, the breasts and the uterus increase, and the weight of the whole pregnancy can increase by more than 6kg. Pregnant women consume a lot of physical energy during childbirth, so nutrition intake is very important, and it also determines the quality of milk and the level of fetal development.
Studies have confirmed that if pregnant women receive insufficient nutrition during pregnancy, it will lead to defects in the intellectual development of newborns. However, pregnant women also need to control their nutritional intake during pregnancy, because overnutrition will greatly increase the incidence of pregnancy complications and seriously damage the health of the fetus. Therefore, a reasonable diet is very important for pregnant women.
On the basis of a reasonable diet, the following principles should be followed to enhance nutritional intake. ① Daily intake of calories to meet the needs of pregnant women and fetal growth and development. The calorie intake in the first trimester is 9.5 kcal/day, and the second trimester is 10.5 kcal/day, which is slightly higher than that in the second trimester. ② Set reasonable intake ratios of various nutrients. Carbohydrates account for about 60% to 70% of the total calorie ratio, fat intake must not exceed 30% of the total ratio, and protein accounted for between 10% and 15%. ③Vitamins, cellulose, trace elements, etc. are all essential elements for the human body and are indispensable. Therefore, adequate intake of these substances should be ensured.
In the first trimester, pregnant women often have early pregnancy reactions. At this time, there will be loss of appetite. In severe cases, symptoms such as nausea and vomiting may also occur. Embryo development is relatively slow at this stage, and pregnant women’s intake of nutrients such as calories, fat, protein, and trace elements has not increased significantly. Pregnant women should improve their appetite during the first trimester, scientifically regulate their digestive function, and eat more fresh fruits and vegetables. Animal viscera and nut foods are rich in B vitamins, which can effectively relieve the symptoms of vomiting. Cereal foods can prevent pregnant women from losing weight. Pregnant women need to eat them in appropriate amounts.
In the second trimester, the appetite of pregnant women gradually increases, and the fetus begins to develop rapidly. At this stage, pregnant women need to take in sugar, fat, protein, trace elements, vitamins and other nutrients greatly to ensure that the fetal brain tissue is fully developed. It should be noted that the intake of protein should emphasize high quality, and the foods that can be used include beans and legume products, dairy products, lean meat, animal organs, eggs, and fish. Fresh fruits, vegetables, lean meat, animal organs and other foods are rich in vitamins, which have a good effect on the growth and development of the fetus.
In the third trimester, the protein intake of pregnant women should be appropriately increased. Through a diversified diet, the source of nutrients should be expanded to meet the needs of pregnant women and fetal development, and to maintain the nutritional supply within a reasonable range.
Pregnant women may become ill if they are not properly taken care of during pregnancy. At this time, they should not take the medicine easily, and they need to consult a doctor to avoid drug stimulation that may cause fetal development malformations or death. Commonly used clinically aspirin, chlordiazepoxide, kanamycin, streptomycin, anti-tumor drugs, tetracyclines and barbiturates, etc., all have an impact on the normal growth and development of the fetus; morning glory, croton, musk, Chinese medicinal materials with strong medicinal properties such as Euphorbia can cause fetal death; safflower, tricornis, myrrh, raw rhubarb, peach kernel, mirabilite, citrus fruit, turmeric and other Chinese medicinal materials for breaking silt and dredging can cause abortion. Based on this, in order to ensure the health of the fetus, pregnant women should follow the doctor’s guidance for scientific medication. If they are combined with liver, kidney, heart and other diseases, they need to be admitted to the hospital for systematic treatment in time, and the choice is in line with the actual physical condition of the pregnant woman and does not harm the fetus. Developmental drugs, while controlling the time and dose of medication, to avoid adverse effects on pregnant women and fetuses.
At this stage, pregnant women generally do not dare to use drugs during pregnancy, but modern obstetrics and gynecology medical technology is already very advanced. It is not difficult for current medical technology to treat maternal diseases, and fetal growth and development will not be substantially affected. influences. After some pregnant women are sick, they are extremely resistant to the use of drugs because they are worried that the medication will affect the normal growth and development of the fetus. As a result, the disease cannot be effectively controlled, which accelerates the development of the disease and seriously threatens the life of pregnant women and fetuses. There are also a small number of pregnant women who inject penicillin before pregnancy, believing that the growth and development of the fetus may be abnormal and make the decision to induce abortion, which is unwise. A large number of studies have proved that penicillin has no substantial effect on the health of the fetus and is absolutely safe.
Pregnant women should follow the doctor’s advice, use drugs rationally, and use drugs with caution as the basic principles. When pregnant women choose drugs, they must consider the composition, performance, molecular weight, degree of protein binding through the placenta, and drug side effects. If a pregnant woman suffers from diabetes during pregnancy, blood sugar levels must be controlled in time, but hypoglycemic drugs have an adverse effect on the growth and development of the fetus. Insulin should be used for blood sugar control. Insulin has a large molecular weight, which can effectively isolate the placenta and ensure the normal growth and development of the fetus. .