Encyclopedia life

[Eating sweets can increase depression] Clinical psychologists at the University of Kansas in the United States have found that too much sugar not only increases waist circumference, but also increases depression symptoms. The research was published in a scientific journal. Researchers analyzed a series of global data on the physiological and psychological effects of sugar intake and found that a considerable number of patients with depression have higher levels of systemic inflammation. Since excessive consumption of sugar will increase low-grade inflammation, the hormones it produces will directly cause the brain to enter a state of severe depression. Therefore, although eating sugar can sometimes boost mood for a short time, it can negatively affect mental health in the long run.

[Plasticizers may affect girls’ motor function] A longitudinal study of 209 women and their children by scientists at the Columbia Children’s Environmental Health Center found that there is a link between prenatal exposure to phthalates and girls’ motor deficits. Researchers have found that girls (not boys) have decreased fine motor function after being exposed to high levels of specific metabolites. The analysis identified three phthalates that are most related to defects. Phthalates are widely used in daily necessities, such as food packaging, air fresheners, perfumes, and care products.

[Children who drink whole milk are at low risk of overweight] A systematic review and meta-analysis led by St. Michael’s Hospital in Toronto found that children who drank whole milk were 40% less likely to be overweight or obese than children who ate low-fat milk. The study analyzed 28 studies from 7 countries and explored the relationship between milk-drinking children and the risk of overweight or obesity. It turned out that none of the studies showed that children who drank low-fat milk had a lower risk of being overweight or obese. There are 18 studies showing that children who drink whole milk are less likely to be overweight or obese.

[A small amount of alcohol also increases the risk of cancer] A recent Japanese study showed that even a small amount of alcohol is associated with an increase in overall cancer risk. Researchers from the University of Tokyo analyzed the clinical data of 33 general hospitals across Japan from 2005 to 2016, involving more than 63,000 cancer patients and the same number of control subjects to understand their average daily alcohol consumption and drinking duration. Researchers found that those who did not drink alcohol had the lowest overall risk of cancer; the more alcohol they consumed, the higher the overall cancer risk.

[Statins will not cause memory loss in the elderly] A new study from St. Vincent’s Hospital in Australia points out that statins do not cause memory loss in the elderly. 1037 elderly people aged 70 to 90 participated in the study, including 642 statin users and 395 subjects who had never used this drug. It was found that older people using statins did not have more memory loss or mental decline than their peers. Prior to this, the Johns Hopkins University study also found no evidence that statins cause memory loss or dementia.

[Mammography can predict the risk of heart disease] Mammography is usually used to detect tumors in the breast. However, a study by the University of California found that this test can also be used to screen for heart disease. The research team conducted a comparative analysis of the medical records of 278 female patients with an average age of 61 years from 2006 to 2016, and found that mammary artery calcification is usually closely related to coronary artery calcification, which is an early warning of cardiovascular disease Device. Therefore, it can be said that mammography can help female patients predict the risk of cardiovascular diseases such as heart disease and stroke.

[Screen exposure does not impair children’s social skills] A new study from Ohio State University found that there is no evidence that prolonged exposure to the screen will affect the development of children’s social skills. The researchers compared the children who entered kindergarten in 1998 and those who entered kindergarten in 2010 and found that from the teacher’s point of view, the two groups of children did not have poor social skills after school, and the 2010 group scored higher in social skills. Even the children in the two groups who touched the screen the most had similar developments in social skills compared to the children who did not touch the screen.

[Adriamycin is expected to overcome leukemia drug resistance] Adriamycin, a chemotherapy drug that can treat a variety of cancers, has recently been found to have new uses. A new study in a recent scientific journal shows that low-dose doxorubicin may overcome leukemia drug resistance, inhibit leukemia stem cells, and expose them to an activated immune response.

[Video sharing can improve parents’ happiness] Recently, a remote meal sharing experiment from Tokyo Denki University in Japan found that sharing meals can improve the physical and mental health of the elderly and prolong their lives. When eating alone, the elderly lacked expressions. When sharing meals remotely through video, parents and children showed each other the content of their meals. In terms of changes in subjective well-being, the parents’ “mood”, “meaning of self-existence” and “tomorrow’s motivation” improved.