Rehabilitation nursing methods after bladder stones

  Bladder stones are one of the diseases of the urinary system. Bladder stones include secondary and primary diseases. Types of. Primary bladder stones are related to malnutrition, and secondary bladder stones are related to urethral stricture or prostate hyperplasia. Bladder stones are generally treated by surgery, and the incidence of bladder stones is increasing year by year. There are more and more researches on the rehabilitation nursing after surgery. Clinical nursing plays an important role in the postoperative rehabilitation of patients with bladder stones.
  1. Postoperative rehabilitation nursing for bladder stones
  1.1 Basic rehabilitation nursing measures
  Bladder stone surgery includes two surgical methods, and the postoperative care methods taken after different operations are also different. If the patient chooses minimally invasive surgery, which is often referred to as holmium laser or ballistic lithotripsy for bladder stones, then the patient often needs to indwell a urinary catheter after the completion of the surgery, so the patient must be in the patient after surgery 6 Drink plenty of water after 8 hours of exhaust. The purpose is to reduce bladder mucosal damage and avoid the formation of blood clots in hematuria. When the overall condition of the patient is relatively good, actively encourage the patient to get out of bed within 24 hours, which will not only help urination but also prevent postoperative blood clots in the lower limbs. If it is an open surgical treatment, it is necessary to ensure that the patient’s wound is clean and dry. Generally open surgical treatment will make patients get out of bed later than minimally invasive surgery. The open surgical treatment method includes two parts. This is because there are differences between different surgical methods and the entire process, and the specific nursing needs have also changed. Bladder stones. Transurethral cystoscopic holmium laser lithotripsy usually has no wounds in patients, and urinary catheters are usually indwelled after surgery. There is no special care. However, it is also necessary for the patient to avoid the urinary catheter being pulled or pulled with the help of the nursing staff, so as to avoid the problem of the urinary catheter falling off when the activity or movement is too large. After generally choosing open surgery, patients can perform under-bed activities according to their own conditions. Nursing staff need to guide patients to drink more water. When the operation is completed, the patient will be sent back to the ward. At this time, the nursing staff needs to measure the patient’s vital signs and then assess the patient’s state of consciousness. After these tasks are completed, it is still necessary to observe and monitor the patient’s vital signs in order to discover problems in time and seek positive solutions. The nursing staff should also check the patient’s urinary self-interpretation, mainly to check whether the patient’s indwelling catheter is unobstructed, and then complete the measurement of the patient’s urine output. The whole process needs to be patient and gentle, so as not to affect the patient’s mood. In order to ensure that the stones can be smoothly discharged from the body, the nursing staff should allow the patient to take in enough water. The amount of water needs to be between 3000cc and 4000cc a day, so that the stones can be better discharged, which is also helpful to the patient’s body. Some patients will have hematuria during urination, and most of the patients will have mild hematuria. When hematuria with tomato juice appears, the doctor should be notified immediately for treatment as soon as possible. In response to many emergencies, reasonable and effective measures must be taken to ensure that all tasks can proceed smoothly and to ensure the quality of recovery of patients after bladder stones. Many patients will have indwelling urinary catheters, so targeted nursing measures need to be taken, that is, to complete the guidance according to the doctor’s requirements. The removal of the urinary tube. After the bladder stone surgery is completed, the doctor will record the patient’s postoperative complications based on the patient’s diagnosis, so as to better count the incidence of complications. From the clinical treatment of bladder stones, common complications include incision infection, bleeding, bladder mucosal injury and so on. Active countermeasures should be taken against these complications in order to ensure the quality of life of patients after surgery and promote their recovery. The postoperative recovery time should be counted, which mainly refers to the time from the patient’s hospitalization after the operation to the time from the patient’s urinary function recovery. The effect of postoperative rehabilitation should be evaluated in order to better optimize the patient’s care plan.
  1.2 focus on the patient’s psychological and emotional
  bladder stone lithotripsy treatment of bladder stones belong far the most effective treatment, but many who are still relatively unknown. Surgical treatment has always caused emotional fluctuations in patients. Patients do not know enough about the operation process, worry about surgical damage, and are unfamiliar with the value and significance of surgical treatment. These will increase the patient’s anxiety and anxiety symptoms, thereby affecting the patient’s Health recovery. That is to say, the patient’s care before the operation affects the quality of the patient’s rehabilitation care after the operation. Therefore, in clinical care, it is often necessary to coordinate the care before the operation with the care and rehabilitation measures during the operation and after the operation to improve the overall care of the patient. Level. Nursing measures should be precise according to the timeline, the procedural nature of nursing measures must be ensured, and the rationality of patient care measures must be improved. Nowadays, many nurses have poor professional skills and lack of professional attitude, which has led to many nursing disputes. For this situation, the hospital must promptly optimize and adjust.
  Other considerations 2. stones bladder
  stones in patients after bladder surgery and was discharged for drugs in accordance with the requirements of a doctor, and according to the requirements and agreed to go to hospital and tracing of physical rehabilitation. After leaving the hospital, it is still necessary to ensure the daily water intake, it is best to ensure that the daily drinking water reaches 3000cc. In addition to these, patients must be more active, and they can insist on walking and walking slowly, so that the stones can be smoothly discharged from the body. In daily life, you should also develop good habits, don’t hold back your urine, and urinate in time if you have the intention to urinate. Also need to pay attention to diet, chocolate, spinach, cocoa, spinach, beans, mineral water, milk, corn, walnuts, etc. should be eaten less to avoid recurrence of stones. The content of postoperative rehabilitation care for bladder stones is detailed, so it must be implemented in specific life in many cases. The quality of care directly affects the recovery effect of patients, so we should pay more attention to it, and take rehabilitation care measures in combination with specific scientific norms. The purpose of the application of rehabilitation nursing methods for bladder stones is to improve the quality of life of patients after surgery and to ensure that patients can recover as soon as possible. In clinical nursing, the quality of nursing and rehabilitation services affects the progress of the entire medical process. At present, guidance nursing in rehabilitation nursing still occupies an important position.
  In summary, postoperative rehabilitation care for bladder stones needs to be formulated in accordance with the nature of the operation. Different patients have different recovery speeds, so specific rehabilitation care plans should be reflected. In daily life, you should maintain a positive and healthy lifestyle, avoid holding your urine, drink plenty of water, and avoid bladder stones. Rehabilitation care after bladder stones should follow the actual situation. At the same time, patients should be encouraged to actively go out of the outdoor activities, absorb fresh air, and maintain a comfortable mood, thereby promoting the recovery of patients. As modern people’s lifestyle changes, people’s eating habits have also undergone great changes. Bladder stones are related to eating and living habits. Patients should change bad habits according to the doctor’s requirements and maintain a light diet to prevent bladder stones. .