PIEIC memorabilia

What is PHEIC

The International Health Regulations (2005) stipulate that “public health emergencies of international concern” are WHO’s higher-level early warning for epidemic J disease, meaning that the incident is “serious, sudden, unusual and unexpected”. The international spread of the disease will pose a public health risk to other countries and may require immediate international action. Countries have the responsibility to notify WHO of relevant outbreaks and cases.
Different from the countries classified as epidemic areas, PHEIC is not targeted at specific countries, but a global coordination mechanism, which will be conducive to international cooperation in the field of vaccine opening and so on.
  ·SARS, smallpox, wild-type poliomyelitis and human influenza are automatically recognized as PHEIC without the statement of the Emergency Committee.

PHEIC in the 21st Century

Since the International Health Regulations (2005) came into effect, the World Health Organization has announced five “public health emergencies of international concern”.
In April 2009, the influenza A (H1N1) virus broke out in Mexico and the United States.
:: Poliomyelitis epidemic in South Asia and Africa in May 2014
:: Ebola outbreak in West Africa in August 2014
The Zika virus epidemic in South America in February 2016
July 2019, Ebola Epidemic in Congo (DRC)
According to data, countries with sound modern medical and health systems, such as Mexico, the United States, Brazil, etc., responded well during PHEIC, effectively cutting off the source of infection by means of masks and medical isolation, and promptly controlling the spread of the epidemic. However, in less developed countries, such as Africa and South America, although vaccines and isolation are also used, most of them are unable to cope with the situation. Some epidemic situations have not yet ended.
Seven Recommendations of WHO during PHEIC

1. There is no need to take measures to restrict the movement of international people and international trade, and it is not recommended to restrict trade and the movement of people;
2. It is necessary to crack down on the spread of rumors and false information;
3. The research and development of vaccines, therapeutic schemes and diagnostic schemes must be accelerated.
4. Countries with weak health systems must be supported;
5. Preparation plans must be reviewed, gaps identified, and resources needed assessed to identify, isolate, and treat patients to prevent the spread of the epidemic.
6. Data, knowledge and experience must be shared with WHO and the world;
7. All countries work together in a spirit of unity and cooperation to defeat the epidemic.
World Health Organization Director-General Tan Desai said, “This time, the newly crowned virus epidemic is declared a’ public health emergency of international concern’ (PHIC). Do not overreact or overreact … This is a moment of truth rather than fear. This is a moment of science rather than rumor. This is a moment of unity rather than stigma. ”
Over the past decade or so, there have been many epidemic countries in the world and many countries that have been declared PHEIC status. In 2016, South America, including Brazil, suffered the same situation because of Zika virus, but that year they not only recovered economically, but even hosted the Rio Olympics. Therefore, in the face of sudden challenges from nature, we not only maintain awe, but also have the confidence and experience to overcome difficulties.