Does a dog really have a “sixth sense”?

   1994, Jacobs, a pattern designer in Lohman, Missouri, took a major turn in her life. She suddenly fell to the ground while helping someone to move things, and suffered a stroke. Although rescued in time, she saved her life. , But left behind the sequelae of a half-body failure, this year she was only 42 years old.
   Jacob, who was originally cheerful, became melancholy. To help her get rid of her torture, her husband bought a shepherd dog to accompany her. This method really worked. Jacob liked the shepherd very much, and he named the puppy Pat.
   Strange things have happened since Pat Shepherd’s arrival. After consulting a dog-training expert, Jacob began to pay attention to Pat’s behavior, and she was surprised that whenever Pat suddenly bumped into her, her epilepsy would occur within 5-15 minutes.
   The discovery surprised Jacob’s entire family. Since then, Pat, the shepherd dog, has become Jacob’s “warning dog”, which has reduced Jacob’s accidental injuries due to epileptic seizures.
   Why does shepherd Pat have this special function of “sixth sense”? Some experts believe that this ability of dogs is largely innate. Is it innate? It is still a mystery, but in any case, the “sixth sense” of these dogs is indeed a precious gift to patients whose lives are threatened.
   Later, whenever Pat hinted with a nudge or pull, Jacob no longer had any fear of epilepsy. She returned to work in 1977.
   As the sales director of a computer company, Jacob chaired a variety of business meetings with Pat, a shepherd dog, and let it “watch” under the conference table. Once Jacob felt that Patra was pulling her arm, Jacob would get up and apologize, return to his office, put on the “Do Not Disturb” sign, and lie on the sofa calmly waiting for the epilepsy.
   In 1999, Jacob launched a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting the benefits of such service dogs to humans. Jacob often their own experiences: “I want to thank my Pat, it changed my life my life recovery..”
   Devotion to duty Labrador
   nineties, more than 100 in the United States last century About 20 of the service dog training centers have started domesticating service dogs designed to help patients with epilepsy. After basic training, service dogs can learn early warning skills in response to seizures. Before the host becomes ill, they will have an abnormal reaction, sometimes wailing and sometimes barking; or they suddenly jump on the owner’s legs, staring intently at the owner, and make a pushing action, giving hints to the owner; some dogs still The patient can be guided to a safe place and even press the button of the emergency phone.
   Iman lives in Texas. Her son suffers from severe epilepsy, which occurs 5 times a day, and comes very suddenly without any warning. The poor boy had a concussion due to a seizure twice; breaking his teeth and breaking his head was commonplace. Later, Iman bought a Labrador retriever for his son from the local dog training base, and they named it Hant.
   This gentle Labrador retriever and the Iman family had only been together for a month, and Iman and her husband noticed a special phenomenon: Sometimes the hound suddenly left his son, ran over to them, and pushed them with his legs bent And then stared intently at their son. After about 30 minutes, their son’s epilepsy started.
   With enough preparation time, their son has never been injured by a seizure.
   Mystery
   dog mechanism to detect epileptic seizures is still a mystery, there are three popular explanation. Anderson, an expert in pediatric neurosurgery at the Pittsburgh School of Medicine in the United States, believes that before the onset of epilepsy, the nerves transmitting pulses intensified their activity, resulting in high-intensity discharges, which were detected by dogs.
   Another view is that dogs are very sensitive to small changes in human behavior. Many people experience facial twitching or eye tremors before a seizure. At least a quarter of people with epilepsy have short-term behavioral or emotional auras before they occur—it’s hard to detect. However, the threat only appeared a few seconds before the attack, so Rip, an associate professor at the Florida Medical School, said that dogs could not respond to the threat in a very short time.
   An easily accepted point of view is the one proposed by Associate Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School and neuroscientist. He believes that the ability to warn of epilepsy stems from dogs’ super-smell. Studies have shown that dogs have 300 times higher olfactory sensitivity than humans. He believes: “People have some abnormal activity in the brain before the seizures. It is conceivable that this abnormal activity can lead to sweating or some unusual secretion, which can be smelled by dogs.”
   Unfortunately, So far, there is still more scientific research than speculation.