Understanding alcohol dependence: a mental disorder

  Long-term heavy drinking will not only cause alcohol dependence, but also have a greater impact on the patient’s psychology and physiology. At present, alcohol dependence has become an increasingly serious medical problem and has received more and more attention. Alcohol dependence will not only cause greater damage to the organs and tissues of the drinker, but also cause social, spiritual and other damage to the drinker.
  Alcohol dependence is also called alcohol addiction. It is a chronic recurrent disease of central nervous system poisoning caused by continuous transitional drinking. It is becoming more and more common in society. Data show that the incidence of alcohol dependence has reached as high as 50% to 80%. After a lot of research, some researchers have found that patients with alcohol addiction not only have poor cognitive function, but also have immature psychological defense mechanisms, and the patients have higher-than-normal psychological anxiety, depression, and other psychological emotions. Certain stability. Most alcohol-dependent patients will drank alcohol again because of lack of family, society and friends ‘attention and support after quitting alcohol. The re-drinking rate is extremely high, which is very detrimental to the recovery of patients’ social functions.
  1 understanding alcohol dependence
  alcohol dependence in patients with alcohol dependence in the late alcohol consumption was significantly reduced, but the number of patients daily drinking and drinking were significantly increased, indicating that patients with alcohol dependence alcohol poisoning in the late alcoholism, which has been a great body organ Damage, which also greatly reduces the body’s metabolism and tolerance to alcohol, resulting in a significant increase in the degree of alcohol dependence. In order to reduce or eliminate the physical and psychological discomfort of patients after discontinuing drinking, patients who drink have to increase the number of daily drinks and the amount of daily drinking to maintain a relatively stable alcohol concentration in the body’s blood. It shows that the alcohol concentration in patients with alcohol dependence leading to alcoholism is relatively stable.
  From the perspective of social functions, more than 60% of patients with alcohol dependence have impaired social functions, and more than 85% of patients with alcohol dependence have problems in family and marriage. This also shows to some extent that there are certain defects in the functions of family, business, and emotional aspects of patients with alcohol dependence. However, some researchers evaluated the mental disorders of alcohol-dependent patients and found that regardless of the drinking age of the alcohol-dependent patients and the age of the first hospitalization and abstinence, as long as the alcohol-dependent behaviors are formed, the patients will show obvious Physical and psychological abnormal symptoms. Although the types of mental disorders that occur at different periods after hospitalization are different and the frequency of mental symptoms is different, the main clinical symptoms shown by patients are basically similar. For example, the initial symptoms are mainly general discomfort and craving. , Anxiety, irritability, irritability, palpitations, sweating, limb tremor, vomiting, etc. These symptoms have increased the patient’s pain to a certain extent, even unbearable, and a few patients have conscious disturbances. Alcohol dependence patients in the mid-term symptoms mainly manifested as psychological thirst, the patients showed extreme anxiety, depression, sleep disorders, emptiness, boredom, memory impairment, personality changes, dementia, etc. There are also some patients with hearing and hallucinations, and even symptoms such as victimization, jealousy, and delusion. Most patients showed obvious symptoms of anxiety, craving, sleep disturbance and physical damage at the same time during hospitalization. Some researchers also believe that the symptoms of anxiety, craving, sleep disturbance, physical damage and other symptoms of patients are also one of the reasons that cause patients to drink again after being discharged from the hospital. On the other hand, after the treatment of alcohol-dependent patients, the symptoms of memory impairment and numbness of the limbs did not change much. This also indicates that alcohol can cause damage to the brain and peripheral nerves of alcohol-dependent patients. This damage Symptoms will accompany the patient throughout the hospital stay, and even if treated, there will be no significant change.
  2 Treatment of alcohol-dependent patients
  Clinicians have developed different treatment strategies for patients with alcohol dependence according to the different periods and different clinical manifestations after alcoholism. For example, the treatment of patients with early alcohol dependence is mainly focused on physical discomfort, anxiety, irritability, and life treatment. The treatment of patients with late alcohol dependence is mainly to relieve the patient’s craving, anxiety, sleep disorders, emptiness, boredom, interest, mental disorders, etc. as the main direction. In addition, after a long period of heavy drinking, alcohol-dependent patients will suffer damage to every organ in the body. Therefore, in terms of treatment, clinicians should also actively treat patients’ physical diseases and strengthen the relief of physical symptoms. , To improve the nutritional status of patients, and this throughout the entire process of treatment.
  In terms of treatment, it is necessary to strengthen nutrition support for patients, guide them to consume foods with high protein and vitamin content, ban smoking, and gradually reduce alcohol consumption on this basis, until the drinking behavior is completely quit. In addition, drugs such as alcohol abstinence can be used to reduce patients’ dependence on alcohol. If the patient is in the acute phase, they should also keep their channels open, and if the patient has difficulty breathing, he should be given low-flow oxygen therapy. Closely monitor the changes of patients’ vital signs, and regularly monitor the content of ethanol, acetaldehyde and other components in the patient’s serum. In addition, patients should also be guided in cognitive behaviors, combining the clinical symptoms of patients with the results of patients’ examinations, and explaining to family members of patients with alcohol dependence the long-term drinking caused by the liver, kidneys, cardiovascular and other organs Harm to enable them to actively cooperate and actively monitor patients’ alcohol cessation behavior. Perform physical therapy on patients and massage their acupoints such as temples, wind pool points, and wind acupoints to promote their bodies to remain relaxed, and reduce the patient’s anxiety during alcohol addiction. Hydrotherapy for patients: prepare a basin of warm water, add 5 to 10 g of table salt, and give the patients a rubbing bath or tub bath for 15 to 20 minutes to promote the metabolism of alcohol and drugs in the body. Mind and body therapy, hypnotize patients, talk with patients, guide patients to listen to some music they like to listen to, watch some movies they like to watch, and do some outdoor sports to relieve tension caused by treatment. For patients with more severe symptoms such as anxiety, depression, tremor, and tremor, they can be given appropriate treatments such as tricyclic antidepressants and antispasmodic and analgesics. Family therapy, guidance for patients with alcohol dependence. Family members and friends assist patients to develop good habits of quitting alcohol, avoid contact with people who drink alcohol, or avoid places where they drink alcohol.
  The treatment of alcohol-dependent patients is relatively long. In the early stage, drugs are used instead of alcohol to control alcohol abstinence. In the second stage, patients need psychological and social treatment. Most patients with alcohol dependence can only eliminate their physical dependence on alcohol after hospitalization, and psychological dependence is difficult to eradicate. Although psychological treatment and social treatment of patients can effectively improve their mental health and reduce their psychological thirst for alcohol, there is no guarantee of long-term treatment effects. According to data, 40% to 70% Alcohol-dependent patients have re-drinking within 1 year after treatment, and the total recurrence rate of alcohol-dependent patients is as high as 60% to 80%, and the main factor that triggers patients’ re-drinking is psychological thirst.
  3 Conclusion
  alcohol-dependent patients with a clear social dysfunction, commonly harm professional and family functions, and functional status of patients with alcohol dependence ability to work, daily life, mental status, social interaction, self-life skills, etc. There are different degrees The damage of patients has led to personal deviations in learning ability, work efficiency, daily life, interpersonal communication, etc. Most patients show that they do not care about the family, and even fail to take into account the family’s sense of harmony, and they are lazy in work and life. Even irresponsible and negligent. Can not better communicate with peers, can not meet the needs of social development, and lack the necessary social and professional skills. Therefore, alcohol dependence is also a mental disorder. Therapists and their families should strengthen the treatment of patients from multiple aspects to promote the recovery of patients’ conditions.