Demystifying the path to cancer of small foreign bodies

Small foreign body big harm

  The meat of river mussels or shells is soft and delicate. Once a small foreign body “invades”, their tender meat will be destroyed. At this time, they will secrete some protective substances to wrap the foreign body. Over time, the foreign body will change Became a little pearl. The human body also has many hollow organs similar to river mussels and shells. People eat grains and grains, so there are some small foreign bodies in the body. However, there are two types of small foreign bodies that cause greater harm to our body.
  If these two kinds of foreign bodies stay in one of our organs for a long time, plus many risk factors “exacerbating the situation,” they may become cancerous and develop into a type of cancer called “the king of cancer” by abdominal surgery experts. . The early symptoms of this cancer are not obvious, they grow extremely insidious, and they are as dangerous as pancreatic cancer. The 5-year survival rate is only 5% -10%. If you want to prevent it, you need to be extra vigilant about its predecessor. So, what foreign objects should we pay special attention to?
Foreign body 1: Gallstones

  Aunt Shu is 61 years old. She has been found to have sediment-like gallstones through a physical examination more than 30 years ago. She has not experienced any discomfort such as abdominal pain for 30 years and has not attracted much attention. However, in recent months, the symptoms of her gallstones suddenly occurred, causing strong back pain. When she went to the hospital for another examination, she found that the stones had fallen into the bile ducts. As long as the gallbladder can recover smoothly, it will be fine, but the pathological results after the operation surprised both Aunt Shu and the doctor: early stage gallbladder cancer. Gallstones have caused malignant lesions.
  The first type of “foreign body” that is likely to induce gallbladder cancer is gallbladder stones with a population incidence of almost 1/10. Gallbladder stones are not harmful by themselves. The main harm is that they can cause gallbladder inflammation in the gallbladder.
  Experts tell us that if gallbladder stones remain in the gallbladder for a long time without being treated, it is easy for stones to fall into the bile ducts and cause bile duct stones. There is also an increased risk of gallbladder stones with a longer course of cancer. Aunt Shu is a patient with a long history of gallbladder stones. There was no evidence of cancer before surgery. The onset of gallbladder cancer is relatively insidious. Most patients find it late, and the rate of effective treatment is very low. The 5-year survival rate is only 5% to 13%, and the incidence rate is significantly higher in women than in men. ~ 6 times.
  1. Which of the most terrible calculus
  gallstone divided into cholesterol gallstones and pigment gallstones two types of gallstones is gradually formed from the cholesterol crystals, mostly white; particulate pigment gallstones by bile pigment formed, as Most of the sand is black. In clinical practice, the most common type is mixed stones, which are dark brown in color, with different shapes and random locations.

  The stones themselves are movable. Different stones can appear in different positions through the movement of the position. While they are constantly moving, the stones are constantly rubbing against the inner wall of the gallbladder. Over time, it will cause acute cholecystitis, which is typical of the upper right Abdominal eating greasy or cramping after a full meal, accompanied by radiation pain in the right shoulder and back, severe cases may even have symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and fever. And if the stone squeezes out of the gallbladder opening and enters the bile duct, it may cause bile duct obstruction, cholangitis, manifested as jaundice, chills and high fever. To make matters worse, because the bile duct and the pancreas are the same opening, stones that block the opening of the bile duct may also cause blockage of the pancreatic opening, which in turn causes severe pancreatitis.
  Where is gallstones most dangerous? That must be the gallstones blocked at the opening of the gallbladder. The stones in Figure 2 above are like this. Blocking the opening of the gallbladder will block the outflow tract of the gallbladder, causing the bile to be unable to drain out, resulting in increased gallbladder pressure. Severe biliary colic may occur.
  Therefore, the symptoms of gallbladder stones and whether they are prone to cancer are mainly related to location, but they do not mean that they have nothing to do with size and shape. Experts tell us that, relatively speaking, fine-grained stones are more likely to fall off the bile duct through the cystic duct. The stones on the gallbladder wall are often more dangerous, and if the stones in the gallbladder exceed 3 cm, the probability of canceration will increase 9 times regardless of the nature.

  2. How gallstone formation
  of bile in the gallbladder was concentrated under certain factors, cholesterol saturation too easily precipitated crystals were to become bigger and bigger stones; bile pigment and cholesterol, lecithin is between three In a state of equilibrium, if the balance relationship is broken, bile pigments can be released and combine with calcium ions to form bile pigment stones.

  Expert tips: Excessive cholesterol intake, infection, and abnormal estrogen are all factors contributing to the high incidence of gallstones. Women over 45 years of age are the high incidence of gallstones.
Foreign body 2: Gallbladder polyps

  In contrast, another Aunt Lin was lucky. Aunt Lin discovered the gallbladder polyps during the 2012 physical examination. At that time, the problem was not big and she didn’t pay much attention. Until one day in 2018, she suddenly felt abdominal pain, and the pain was radioactive. The pain was unbearable. She also accompanied her. Symptoms of vomiting bile-like fluid, when going to the hospital for CT examination, was told that the gallbladder needs to be removed. After surgery, Aunt Lin’s condition gradually improved.
  The second type of “foreign body” that can induce gallbladder cancer is the gallbladder polyps.
  Most gallbladder polyps are asymptomatic and are often easily overlooked. Experts tell us that there is a very high probability that a gallbladder polyp will become cancerous.
  Gallbladder polyps can be divided into true polyps and pseudopolyps. Pseudopolyps are not polyps in the true sense, but polypoid-like changes. They are the crystals of cholesterol attached to the mucosa of the gallbladder. Cholesterol polyps have a low probability of becoming cancerous, but they should also be observed regularly to prevent gallbladder inflammation.
  True polyps often refer to adenomas. Adenoma-like polyps are often solitary and grow quickly in a short period of time. Adenoma-like gallbladder polyps exceed 1 cm, and the rate of canceration can reach 30%. Distinguish the type of polyps, so clinically, as long as the polyp exceeds 1 cm, it must be highly valued.

1. Surgical removal of the gallbladder

  The gallbladder is a relatively important digestive organ in the human body. After having to remove the gallbladder, it will have a certain impact on digestive function. The main function of the gallbladder is to store and concentrate bile. After losing this function, when eating fatty foods, lipid indigestion will occur due to insufficient bile, which will lead to fatty diarrhea. However, the human body has its own regulating function, and normal life can be restored after a period of gallbladder resection.
  [Tip] If the gallbladder needs to be removed after the onset, the doctor will formulate a treatment plan for you.
2. Refuse bad living and eating habits

  Among the factors that form gallbladder stones, dietary factors are critical. Excessive fat intake will lead to excessive cholesterol intake, and gallbladder stones will appear when cholesterol is oversaturated; irritating foods will cause digestive disorders, so that bile may have abnormal secretion, and even Reflux occurs. Such reflux can bring bacteria into the biliary system. Bacteria are factors that induce some bile pigment stones. Therefore, excessive intake of irritating food is harmful to gallbladder health.

  Poor living habits, such as eating while lying down, can affect digestion and bile excretion, resulting in poor cholesterol dissolution, and digestive disorders can cause imbalance in the intestinal flora.

  Consuming foods that are too high in cholesterol, foods contaminated with E. coli, and irritating foods, as well as the habit of not eating breakfast for a long time and sitting for a long time after a meal, are all killers of gallbladder health. To reduce the incidence of gallbladder disease, you should start by abandoning unhealthy eating and living habits.