The decline in biodiversity may be reversed

  Human pressure, such as destroying the natural ecological environment to make way for agriculture and forestry, is causing a sharp decline in biodiversity and putting the ecosystems we rely on at risk. Many people believe that this risk may have no chance of reversal. However, according to a recent ecological study published in the British journal Nature, a model analysis by the International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) pointed out that it is possible to reverse the decline in global biodiversity, but this requires bold conservation measures. As well as increasing the sustainability of the food system, it is possible to reverse the decline in the earth’s biodiversity caused by changes in the ecological environment.
  On May 6 last year, the Global Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services warned that 1 million species may become extinct in the next few decades. After the release of the assessment report, which was written by 145 experts from 50 countries, it shocked the world and was thought to attack the destructive effects of humans on nature on land, sea, and sky.
  Now, although the ambitious goals of protecting biodiversity have been proposed, people still do not know how to achieve these goals while ensuring the ability to feed more and more people.
  At the International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis in Austria, scientist David Lechler and his colleagues demonstrated this possibility through land use and biodiversity models.
  Their research shows that conservationists need to increase the area of ​​land under active management, restore degraded land, and implement general conservation plans at the landscape level; at the same time, people need to reduce the consumption of animal calories, reduce food waste, and find ways Strengthen sustainable food production.
  To protect biodiversity, we should also take advantage of the current society’s attention to environmental issues. The climate crisis and the biodiversity crisis cannot be resolved separately, because mitigation and adaptation to climate change require a complete ecosystem.
  The research team also believes that if a “two-pronged” strategy can be adopted, more than two-thirds of biodiversity loss due to changes in the habitat may be avoided in the future. However, the researchers also reminded that other threats such as climate change must be addressed to truly reverse the decline in biodiversity.