How milk is regulated

  The United States: milk supervision is comparable to drugs
  Food, drugs, medical equipment, etc. in the United States are all supervised by the “Food and Drug Administration” (FDA), and each type of product has specific legal regulations.
  As far as milk products are concerned, once the manufacturer finds out or is informed that there is a problem with the product, he will immediately and consciously notify the customer in accordance with the recall procedure formulated by the FDA. In February 2005, Abbott in the United States found that several cans of milk powder in stock were mixed with plastic particles, and immediately issued a free recall call and product batch number to the public. In 2007, the FDA notified the public that Mead Johnson voluntarily recalled milk powder with batch number BMJ19 because of the discovery of 2.5 mm metal particles, and informed parents of the possible harm the milk powder could cause to their children.
  If a customer finds a faulty product, they can call the FDA’s toll-free hotline at any time. After that, the FDA will conduct an investigation. If it is true, it will issue a warning to the public, and at the same time notify all distributors and major news media, even obstetrics and pediatrics clinics; organize product recalls. Consumers can go to the store where they purchased the product to return the product, or directly return the product to the manufacturer, or call the toll-free number announced by the manufacturer and follow the guidance of service personnel for further actions.
  If there is no crowd victimization, the manufacturer will recall the product, compensate for the loss, and apologize. But if it is life-threatening and the consequences are severe, there will be huge fines and compensation, and the business may well shut down.
  United Kingdom: National inspectors stationed in processing plants
  In ordinary British families, breakfast is often bread with a glass of milk, or a bowl of milk-soaked cornflakes. In the afternoon tea, a cup of tea is mixed with fresh milk, and after dinner, there is a cappuccino with a lot of fresh milk.
  It can be seen that no matter how early, no matter how old or young you are. Every Brit cannot live without milk. In the UK’s major national supermarket chains, milk must be in people’s shopping carts. Former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill put forward the slogan “feeding our children with milk”.
  However, the premise of all this is to ensure the safety of milk. In terms of milk quality, the UK has uniform standards and corresponding legal constraints. It has a complete supervision system for the production process of milk in the processing plant. According to the staff of the British Food Safety Standards Agency, they have special staff to supervise and inspect the dairy product factory. Once the illegal operation or substandard situation occurs during the processing, the processed dairy products cannot leave the factory. “The milk products can only be shipped out from the factory after being checked and signed by the supervisor.” The staff said that the UK’s “Food Safety Law” regulations clearly stipulate that dairy companies may be fined or imprisoned if they operate in violation of regulations.
  The British have absolute confidence in the quality of their milk. The reporter randomly interviewed several young mothers at the entrance of the supermarket. They were immigrants from Song Dynasty. The interviewee said that even when they returned to China to visit relatives, they would bring a few cans of British milk powder with them.
  Sweden: All cows have ID cards.
  Dairy products occupy an important position on the table of Swedes, from milk, yogurt to cheese, toffee… all of them are favored by Swedes. According to the statistics of the Swedish agricultural sector, the dairy industry currently accounts for 35% of the country’s total agricultural output. Sweden’s annual per capita milk consumption is 115 liters and cheese consumption is 17 kilograms. Faced with such a huge amount of milk consumption, Sweden has its own unique approach to dairy product safety.
  Mr. Bostrom from the Swedish Food Safety Assurance Center said: “The most important thing is to do a good job of safety from the milk source. In Sweden, every cow has an ‘identity card’, which is a chip worn on the cow’s ear. Ear tags.” Sweden implements the National Dairy Herd Health Program to ensure the health of every cow. The chip in the cow’s ear tag records the cow’s individual identity, breeding records, health records, daily food intake, milk production and other related information, which can be directly stored in the computer. Once there is a problem with the milk, each cow can be quickly found. on the body.
  In addition, there are more than 300 dairy farmers associations serving milk producers in Sweden, and more than 50 veterinarians travel across the country to do preventive work on dairy farms to ensure that raw milk production is limited to healthy individuals free of various bovine diseases .
  Even the cow’s feed is strictly regulated. Most of the dairy cows adopt the feeding and management method mainly based on grazing and supplementary feeding. The pasture is a well-maintained artificial pasture, and the pasture is also specially selected for the breeding of dairy cows. In order to ensure the balanced nutrition of dairy cows, it is necessary to feed some mixed feeds on time. Swedish feed companies must have a certificate of conformity to be allowed to supply dairy farms with feed mixes formulated from natural ingredients, free of antibiotics, yield enhancers and free of any synthetic additives.
  To carry out such strict checks on milk sources, of course, also requires high-quality dairy farmers. The Dairy Farmers Association regularly organizes training every year to teach dairy farmers how to apply advanced management techniques and how to improve the cowshed. All dairy cow breeders must pass a special examination and obtain a dairy cow breeding certificate. At the same time, the government will also reward farmers with good milk quality.
  Netherlands: Alarms installed in milk tanks The
  Dutch dairy industry is prevalent in agricultural cooperatives, and dairy farmers are the owners of the dairy company. Therefore, the quality of milk is related to the vital interests of every dairy farmer. In terms of ensuring the quality and safety of milk, milking stations are particularly strict.
  The dairy company’s milking station environment is very clean and orderly. To avoid contamination and contamination, no other livestock can enter except the cows to be milked. Visitors who visit other dairy farms’ milking stations must go through a 48-hour quarantine before entering.
  The cows have a special channel, entering the operation room through one door, and exiting through another door after milking. The milk tank containing milk is equipped with an alarm device, which can display and record the temperature and cleanliness of the milk tank, and can also issue an alarm. In addition, there is a continuous analysis of somatic cell counts, bacterial counts, antibiotics and other indicators that can be observed by specialized testing personnel.
  In the Netherlands, national certification standards must be introduced for milking stations in order to improve food safety and milk quality. These two standards must be met before the milk can be sent to processing plants: it is worth mentioning that the Netherlands has a The National Milk Testing Laboratory, where all milk-related tests are conducted. Dairy factories must send the collected milk samples to the National Milk Testing Laboratory for testing, and dairy farmers can check the test results through the Internet.
  It can be said that every dairy farmer in the Netherlands is a milk quality supervisor. People dare not be careless about the hygiene and safety of milk, and the milking station is the most stringent guarantee base for milk safety.
  Canada: Dairy products are never exempt from inspection
  Canada is a world-famous dairy cow breeding and dairy product country, and its milk and dairy products are known for their high quality. The acquisition of this reputation is inseparable from the strict quality standard system implemented in all aspects of dairy production and processing.
  In Canada, “exempt milk” is absolutely non-existent, and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency has implemented a “quality milk” farm food safety program. The Guelph Food Technology Center is responsible for food safety research and testing. In the testing standards for finished milk, the Guelph Food Technology Center requires that it must meet the “Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points” and ISO quality certification. Every batch of dairy products that leaves the factory will be sampled for testing. In the stages of transportation, warehousing and sales, inspectors will also conduct regular inspections, round-robin inspections and random inspections of dairy products.
  ”Inspectors will regularly check the physical fitness of dairy production workers to see if anyone has a disease that is not suitable for front-line work in food processing.” The staff of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency said that the quality of milk in Canada is based on “monitoring farms.” The production process is the main focus, the problem is found at the initial stage, and the prevention of quality hidden dangers is the main”, thus ensuring the safety of dairy products.
  Germany: Treat baby milk powder as a drug tube
  Bercht Gardner Nutritional Food Factory in Munich, Germany is a well-known milk powder manufacturer in Germany. The head of the company, Dr. Katei, confidently introduced that their milk powder has not had any problems for 60 years. This depends on several safety rules of the company:
  First, choose a reliable source of milk. They chose the dairy farmers of the Alps. The entire process of raising cows by dairy farmers is controlled by a computer system so that they have a clear picture of the entire raising process. Moreover, no chemicals are added during the feeding process.
  Secondly, the details of processing are very important. What they implement is the “EU Ecological Milk Powder Standard”, the loss of nutrients is very small, and the nutrients that are retained are many.
  Third, all infant formula milk powder is managed by electronic tag chip throughout the whole process. Through the chip of each can of milk powder, we can accurately know the origin, pasture, factory production line, production time and other information of the can of milk powder, effectively ensuring food safety.
  In addition, in Germany, milk powder must be tested by the drug regulatory system. Because of German regulations, infant formula is subject to drug control and must be tested by the German health department.