How to control schizophrenia

   As the pace of life continues to accelerate, people’s work and life pressures are increasing, and many people have problems with their mental health. According to survey statistics, there are dozens of times more schizophrenia patients than in previous years, and the number of severe schizophrenia patients with mental illness is also increasing sharply.
  Many people have mistakes in cognition of schizophrenia, thinking that this disease is a purely emotional problem, but in fact, schizophrenia, like other physical diseases, is a disease caused by a malfunction of the human body. The difference is that the symptoms of patients with this disease are often manifested in thinking and feelings. Patients with schizophrenia do not have a problem with their thinking, but they have abnormal changes in their consciousness.
  The main cause of schizophrenia
  1. Environmental factors. If the patient’s living environment is poor, such as being in a high-pressure work state for a long time, and suffering some major setbacks such as family disharmony and career bumps in a short period of time, schizophrenia may be induced.
  2. Biochemical factors. In clinical examination of patients with schizophrenia, it can be found that the central dopamine system in most patients has suffered varying degrees of damage.
  3. Character factors. Studies have shown that most patients with schizophrenia tend to be withdrawn, introverted, poorly talkative, and other characteristics, accompanied by social phobia, usually do not like to interact with others, and prefer to be alone.
  4. Genetic factors. People with a family history of schizophrenia have a much higher incidence of schizophrenia than normal people.
  Do the daily care
  patients with schizophrenia often hallucinations, can not live independently, the gradual loss of social adaptability. Some patients have multiple personalities and are full of fear of society. In order to control the patient’s condition well, in addition to correct drug treatment, we must also pay attention to daily care to reduce the patient’s irritation.
  1. Handle the patient’s interpersonal relationship. Some people with mental illness think that they have no value, give up on themselves, and don’t like to communicate with others. Therefore, you can communicate with them appropriately to reduce their inferiority complex and encourage them to make friends. It is best to allow patients to participate in normal study and work to avoid deterioration of their condition.
  2. Help patients set life goals. Some patients with schizophrenia have no goals in life, and they are confused all day long. While respecting the independent personality of the patient, help them to formulate easy-to-achieve life goals, encourage them to develop interests and hobbies, and find their own value.
  3. Encourage patients to participate in some simple training. Properly encourage them to do some relaxed, lively, and simple interpersonal communication training to stimulate their confidence in life, improve their social skills, and help patients stabilize their illness.
  4. Improve patients’ learning skills. Some patients with schizophrenia do not have a correct concept of time due to nervous system disorders. Therefore, patients can be trained to improve their concept of time. For example, when patients can attend class or work on time, reward them. During the training process, the doctors and patients should be full of confidence in the schizophrenic patients, and at the same time improve their patience, do not rush, so that the schizophrenic patients will continue to increase their self-confidence during the training process and rekindle their hopes in life.
  Regulating from diet
  1. Some patients with schizophrenia have persecuted delusions and refusal to eat. For these patients, some liquid foods, such as porridge, fresh milk, fruit juice, etc., can be fed when necessary to ensure their daily energy consumption. Some patients may get up to eat when there are no other people in the room, so they can prepare appropriate meals in advance in their rooms.
  2. Pay attention to the meal collocation. The meals of patients with schizophrenia should have both color and flavor to enhance their appetite. Eat as many fruits and vegetables as possible to ensure that patients can take in sufficient trace elements and vitamins. In addition, some foods can be prepared according to the patient’s preferences, but must communicate with the doctor to ensure that it will not have a negative impact on the patient’s condition.
  3. Fixed eating time and quantity. Some patients with schizophrenia do not have the concept of hunger and fullness, and may eat more food at a time, so a fixed eating time and amount can be set.
  4. Quit smoking and drinking, fasting spicy food. Patients with schizophrenia should quit smoking and drinking during the recuperation period, and fasting spicy and irritating foods to avoid stimulating the onset of the disease. Also avoid drinking tea, coffee and other mentally stimulating beverages. The accompanying family members should also pay attention to quitting smoking and drinking in front of the patient.
  For some patients with schizophrenia who are aggressive or socially harmful, surgery is recommended. However, surgical treatment is not the best treatment plan for controlling the condition of schizophrenia, but a special method for individual extreme patients. More importantly, we must pay attention to daily life care. Doctors and family members should be patient and cooperate with each other to let patients feel the warmth of their families, so that they can better control the condition of schizophrenia and help patients recover.