6 truths about constipation you didn’t know

Truth 1: What you think of as “constipation” may not be true constipation

  About 10 hours after the food is taken in, nutrients are absorbed by the intestines, and food residues reach the colon and become feces, and are stored in the colon. If it cannot be excreted in time, the feces can be decomposed to produce toxins harmful to human health under the action of the intestinal flora. Therefore, daily defecation is an important guarantee for good health. However, there are not many people who can really do defecation every day. Many people often defecate only once every few days, or even though they defecate every day, they have less and incomplete defecation each time. These situations are called defecation difficulties.
  It should be noted that difficulty in defecation cannot be directly equated with constipation. As a disease, the diagnosis of constipation needs to meet the following conditions: ①Defecation is less than 3 times a week, and there is a long-term situation of defecation more than 2 days; ②Incomplete excretion is 1 out of 4 defecations (incomplete excretion, low excretion) ), it takes many times to drain or still cannot drain. If the above two conditions occur occasionally, it is not enough to diagnose constipation. Constipation can be diagnosed if the above conditions occur continuously within a year or more than three months cumulatively. The longer the duration or cumulative time, the more serious the constipation. It should be pointed out that many people think that constipation is dry stool, but it is not. Many patients with constipation do not have very dry stools (especially the elderly), but the process of excretion is very difficult.
Truth 2: The problem of constipation may not only be “difficulty defecation”, you should be alert to other diseases

  Many people think that constipation is just a “small problem” that can be relieved by drinking plenty of water and taking appropriate medication. This idea is wrong. Constipation may be the primary disease, or it may be one of many manifestations of other diseases.
  For example, children with abdominal distension and long intervals between bowel movements may be caused by Hirschsprung’s disease. Severe megacolon requires surgery to remove the diseased colon. When symptoms such as non-defecation, thinning of the stool, abdominal distension, and vomiting occur, one should be alert to the possibility of intestinal obstruction or intestinal stenosis. Difficulty defecation, thin stools, blood in the stool (dark red or mucus) may be caused by intestinal ulcers or intestinal tumors. Difficulty in defecation, long-term use of laxatives and the need to continue to increase the amount of medication, may suffer from melanosis of the colon. Obstructive constipation caused by fecal obstruction of the anus can be caused by many reasons, such as hemorrhoids, anal fissure, lax intestinal mucosa, and pelvic floor achalasia.
Truth 3: Eating raw bananas may add to yourself

  Bananas are rich in pectin. Pectin is a soluble dietary fiber. Not only will it not be absorbed by the gastrointestinal tract, but it will also absorb water in the large intestine, making the stool soft and easy to discharge, which can prevent constipation.
  However, due to the time-consuming transportation of bananas and a certain shelf life, most bananas sold in the market are picked before they mature. In other words, the bananas people buy from supermarkets are relatively raw, which is why they feel astringent when eating raw bananas. This astringency is the taste of “tannic acid” in raw bananas. Tannic acid has a very strong astringent effect, which not only makes the stool dry, but also inhibits the secretion of gastrointestinal juice and intestinal peristalsis, and has the effect of astringent stool. Therefore, eating raw bananas not only has no laxative effect, but also may aggravate constipation.
Truth 4: Correct posture, easier bowel movements

  The anus of the human body has two functions-laxative and defecation control. Most people know that bowel control relies on the anal sphincter. In fact, there is another structure that has a stronger effect on bowel control than the anal sphincter-the anal right angle.
  From the front, the rectum is vertical, but from the side, the rectum is diagonally forward and downward. This is because the rectum descends closely to the sacrum, and the lower end is connected to the anal canal. The anal canal pulls the rectum backward and downward, making the rectum form a forward convex curve. As a result, an angle is formed at the junction of the anal canal and the rectum, that is, the anal right angle. When defecation, if the anus right angle becomes larger, it will facilitate the passage of feces (when defecation, the anus right angle close to 180° is the most conducive to fecal discharge); if the anus right angle becomes smaller, it will help the anal control to control the stool.
  When sitting down to defecate, the right angle of the anus is 80°~90°; when squatting, the right angle of the anus can reach 100°~110°. This is one of the important reasons why many people feel that squatting is easier to defecate. With the improvement of living standards, most families use flush toilets (sitting positions). If you feel difficult to defecate, you can put a small bench under your feet to make your upper body lean slightly forward to increase the right angle of the anus and help you defecate smoothly.
  In addition, the right angle of the anus is the result of the pelvic floor muscles. If the pelvic floor muscles cannot relax during defecation, and the anus angle cannot be enlarged, it will cause difficulty in defecation. Therefore, relaxing the pelvic floor will help the stool to pass smoothly.
Truth 5: To treat constipation, you should not rely on Kaiserol and health products

  Many people think that constipation is not a disease, or find it troublesome to go to a doctor, so they buy Kaisailu or health care products to deal with constipation. As everyone knows, the long-term abuse of Kaisaluru can lead to the loss of voluntary defecation ability. There are many types of health care products, the ingredients are unclear, the laxative effect cannot be guaranteed, and there may be adverse drug reactions. Patients should not buy and use them by themselves.
  In fact, mild constipation can start by adjusting diet. For example, daily intake of more than 30 grams of dietary fiber and more than 3000 ml of water can stimulate bowel movements and relieve constipation. People with constipation should eat more cereals, mushrooms, and seaweed foods.
  Constipation patients with poor dietary adjustments should seek medical attention as soon as possible and take laxatives regularly for a long time. Among them, penetrants and lubricants (such as lactulose, polyethylene glycol, and liquid-enhancing soup, etc.) can be used as long-term treatment drugs for constipation. Probiotics can improve the environment in the intestinal tract and promote peristalsis. Patients with constipation can often drink probiotic-rich yogurt, or take probiotic-containing drugs under the guidance of a doctor, such as bifidobacteria, lactic acid bacteria, and Bacillus subtilis preparations.
  Experts advise: Avoid long-term use of irritating laxatives, such as rhubarb, senna, cassia, aloe, phenolphthalein, etc. Stimulant laxatives can be used for short-term laxatives, long-term use may damage the intestinal nerves and aggravate constipation.
Truth 6: Exercise and rubbing the abdomen are the correct ways to promote bowel movements

  Regular exercise is a good way to improve the vitality of the intestinal tract. If you stay in bed for a long time and do not exercise, your intestines will inevitably “strike”.
  Rubbing the abdomen clockwise helps the stool descend. Before defecation, you can take a standing or sitting position, with your hands close to your abdomen, and
  rub it in a clockwise direction around your belly button, 15 to 30 times each time. Press acupuncture points (including Tianshu, Zhongwan, Zusanli, Sanyinjiao, etc.) after kneading, and the effect is better.