Entering winter, the temperature continues to drop and the weather becomes colder. Along with the arrival of cold weather, there are some less popular respiratory viruses, such as adenovirus. Adenovirus is a common respiratory virus in children. December to January of the following year is the season of high incidence of adenovirus and other respiratory infections. Infants and young children have low immunity. And adenovirus can be transmitted through respiratory droplets, eye secretions, through the respiratory tract or contact: intestinal infections can be transmitted through the digestive tract. If there is no effective isolation, it is very easy to spread out in crowded public places such as kindergartens, schools, etc., causing parents to worry about it. So, how to effectively isolate at home after being infected with adenovirus? How to properly match the diet during the isolation period?
Early diagnosis and early isolation
The main manifestation of adenovirus infection is sudden fever, which is a sudden high fever. The body temperature can reach 39 degrees Celsius in 1 to 2 days, and the high fever lasts for a long time, up to 2 to 3 weeks. High fever may be accompanied by chills, headaches, and paroxysmal or frequent coughing. In severe cases, symptoms such as dyspnea and cyanosis may occur. In the early stages of illness, the mental state can also be poor, like sleeping, like not waking up, and sometimes symptoms of systemic poisoning such as more irritable mood and pale complexion.
Once symptoms of acute fever, sore throat and conjunctivitis occur, go to the hospital as soon as possible, isolate and treat early. Don’t go to kindergarten or participate in group activities after your child is infected with adenovirus to avoid spreading. After being infected with adenovirus, try to see a doctor at a nearby hospital, and avoid going to the observation room of a large hospital where patients are concentrated to prevent cross-infection. Mild cases can be isolated at home. If there are two children in the family and one child is sick, it is easy to cause mutual infection between the two children. Therefore, the two children need to be isolated. If one of them is moved to another place for temporary residence, they will live with the child after the child is healed. If you cannot move elsewhere, you can conduct relative isolation at home, such as isolation in the living room, and try not to let the two children have close contact. Effectively disinfect the floor and surface of objects at home, especially toys. Disinfection can be done by ultraviolet light irradiation, wet wipe with disinfectant and so on.
Wear a mask
Wearing a mask correctly and effectively can block more than 90% of the spread of the virus. Healthy people can wear a mask to prevent virus intrusion. Wearing a mask after infection with adenovirus can reduce the spread of adenovirus into the air through droplets. Wearing a mask is currently the easiest and most effective protective measure to prevent respiratory viruses. For children, children’s masks of appropriate size should be used.
Wash your hands frequently
Today, everyone is familiar with the seven-step handwashing method. Hand washing under running water can remove germs left on or in contact with your hands and reduce the introduction of viruses through the mouth and respiratory tract. It is another important protective measure after wearing a mask. Every day, children should wash their hands in one front and four backs, one before a meal, and four after they go home after going out, after playing with toys, after urinating, and after being suspected of contacting adenovirus-infected objects and people. Wash your hands every time under running water.
Light and digestible diet by age
Infancy (under 1 year old) children’s digestion and absorption functions are not yet perfect. Therefore, it is recommended to continue breastfeeding or formula feeding during the period of illness. The types of supplementary foods should not be too many, and the speed should not be too fast. You can adapt to one before Adding another one can not only ensure nutrition, but also avoid the occurrence of digestive disorders or allergies.
Toddlers (1 to 3 years old) are after weaning, the growth and development are still fast and the activity is increased. They need enough energy and high-quality protein, and they need to ensure that various nutrients are sufficient and balanced. Vegetables, fruits, and meat The class ratio is appropriate. The milk supply should be no less than 1, 3 of the total energy, and 5 to 6 meals a day are appropriate. Before the age of 2 to 2.5, the baby’s deciduous teeth are not in full, and the ability to chew and digest is weak, and the food should be thin, soft, and rotten. Appetite may decrease during illness, so it is necessary to change the types and preparation methods of food frequently to achieve a variety of types and beautiful dishes to increase the appetite of young children and ensure the body’s nutritional supply.
What needs to be reminded is that you should stop feeding or eating when you cough to prevent food from choking into the trachea; at the same time, prevent vomiting after coughing and suffocation by accident. It is advisable to eat too much at each meal, and it is advisable to eat a small amount of meals to avoid aggravating the burden on the gastrointestinal tract. Children’s utensils should be disinfected as required.
Adenovirus infection has fever symptoms and will sweat a lot after the fever subsides. Therefore, drink plenty of warm water to ensure water supply, while keeping the skin clean and dry; change clothes and pants or use sweat-shielding towels when the clothes are sweaty.