The thicker the neck, the more severe the arteriosclerosis

The well-known international journal “Journal of Hypertension” published a new study in my country and found that the neck-to-height ratio (NHR, neck circumference/height ratio) is directly proportional to the degree of arteriosclerosis. The thicker the neck, the more severe the atherosclerosis will be.

The research team of Professor Wu Shouling from the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kailuan General Hospital of Tangshan City, Hebei Province, combed and analyzed relevant data of 18,972 participants involved in a community cohort study. The researchers evaluated the participants’ brachial ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), height, weight, waist-to-hip ratio and other physical measurement indicators and cardiovascular disease risk factors, and used a multiple linear regression model to analyze all the data. After adjusting for age, gender, blood pressure, heart rate, body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio, smoking, fasting blood glucose, serum cholesterol, blood uric acid, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and creatinine clearance, it was found that the neck-to-height ratio and brachial-ankle pulse wave The speed is positively correlated. Further analysis found that this correlation did not reach statistical significance among female participants, but among male participants, this correlation was very significant. In addition, excessive BMI (overweight or obesity), metabolic syndrome, and a history of cardiovascular disease can all lead to varying degrees of increased risk of vascular sclerosis. This means that in people of the same height (especially men), those with a thick neck are more likely to develop arteriosclerosis and have a more serious condition.

The researchers said that the new research results prove for the first time that in the community, the neck-to-height ratio is expected to be an independent predictor of cardiovascular disease.

Eating raw fruits and vegetables every day helps mental health
Psychology researchers at the University of Otago in New Zealand have found that getting high-quality sleep, exercising, and eating more raw fruits and vegetables helps young people maintain good mental health. The research was published in “Frontiers in Psychology”.

Researchers surveyed more than 1,100 young people from New Zealand and the United States to examine their sleep, physical activity, diet and mental health. The analysis results show that sleep quality (rather than sleep quantity) is the strongest predictor of mental health and well-being. In addition to high-quality sleep, exercise, and eating more raw fruits and vegetables, these three modifiable behaviors are all related to better mental health and well-being of young people.

Specifically, young people who slept 9.7 hours a night had the lowest scores for depression symptoms; young people who slept 8 hours a night had the highest happiness; young people who ate 4.8 servings of raw fruits and vegetables a day had the highest happiness, but less than 2 servings a day or People with more than 8 servings have lower happiness.

Sleep, physical activity and healthy eating are regarded as the three main pillars of health, and they help young people’s happiness to be optimized.

5 night shifts per month, prone to high blood pressure
Night shifts can disrupt the human body’s circadian rhythm and cause metabolic disorders, which in turn increases various health risks such as heart disease, diabetes, stroke, and cancer. A large-scale new study in my country published in the internationally renowned journal “Journal of Hypertension” found that more than 5 night shifts per month will increase the risk of hypertension.

The research team of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University conducted an investigation of 84697 female nurses in 13 cities in my country. The contents of the investigation include: systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, night shift frequency and night shift pattern, and other related factors that may cause high blood pressure. The logistic regression analysis of relevant data shows that compared with non-night shifts, 5 night shifts or less than 5 times a month will not increase the risk of high blood pressure; 6-10 nights shifts per month or more, high blood pressure The risk increased by 19% and 32%, respectively. Fast-shifting night shifts and slow-shifting night shifts can increase the risk of hypertension by 14% and 23%, respectively. Serving the entire night shift (permanent night shift) will increase the risk of hypertension by 46%. In addition, there is no obvious interaction between night shift frequency and night shift mode.

The researchers said that the new research has a revelatory effect on improving the health of night shift workers.