With the aging trend of the population and the acceleration of social development changes, depression has become a common mental illness today. Like other diseases, depression requires early detection and treatment. But mental illness is not as intuitive as physical illness. How can we understand its existence?
Twice as many women suffer as men
Depression is also known as “the cold of the soul” because it is actually a common disease. Some people call it “the most popular emotional disease in the 21st century.” Its pathogenesis is complex and is related to biological, psychological and social factors.
In terms of biological factors, there are three main neurotransmitters in the brain that play an important role in the pathogenesis of depression, namely norepinephrine (NE), serotonin (5-HT) and dopamine (DA). The onset of depression has a certain relationship with the dysfunction of these three neurotransmitters. In addition, genetic studies have shown that 40%-70% of patients with depression have a genetic predisposition. It can be seen that the onset of depression is closely related to the genetic quality of the individual, but the mode of action of genetic influence is very complicated, and it does not mean that the children of parents suffering from depression will definitely develop this disease.
Women are about twice as likely to suffer from depression as men. This is because women experience large hormone changes during the three special periods of puberty, pregnancy and menopause. Hormones can regulate a variety of neurotransmitters in the brain, including norepinephrine, serotonin and dopamine, and lower estrogen levels in women can easily induce depression. In addition, individuals are more sensitive to environmental factors, so women have a higher risk of depression. In addition, people suffering from chronic physical diseases, especially those suffering from chronic central nervous system diseases such as Parkinson’s disease, are also high-risk groups for depression.
Psychological and social factors also play an important role in the onset of depression. Negative life events such as widowhood, divorce, unemployment, academic setbacks, poor economic status, and illness may all lead to the occurrence of depression. Depression is more likely when several experiences are added together at the same time.
Individuals who have adverse experiences in childhood and have obvious personality traits such as anxiety, compulsion, and impulsiveness are prone to depression. Some people have cognitive biases that produce negative self-evaluations, which can also lead to depression.
How to self-regulate and prevent
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of the causes of negative emotions. Similarly, when seeing half a glass of water, some people are satisfied, while others are depressed. Thinking patterns affect the angle and mood we see things. When negative emotions appear, reflect on whether you are looking at the problem too one-sidedly, or whether you are digging into a dead end. Try to look at problems and difficulties with a new perspective, and perhaps the negative emotions will be alleviated.
Talk to a family member or friend. If you can’t analyze the cause of negative emotions, or even if you find the cause, there is no way to solve it, and you are still troubled by negative emotions, don’t avoid it. To learn to accept it, you can talk to your relatives or trusted friends, tell your feelings, and if you say it, even if the problem is not resolved, your mood will improve. If your relatives or friends have negative emotions, please give them full understanding and psychological support.
Take part in more outdoor activities and strengthen physical exercise. Take part in more outdoor activities and receive more sunlight. Sunlight will improve the endocrine environment in the body and reduce the occurrence of depression. Physical exercise can not only activate the body’s immune factors and improve the activity of brain cells, but also strengthen the body’s metabolic function, eliminate excess metabolites and toxins in the body, and make people happy.
Change your lifestyle. There is no scientific evidence that simple things like taking a hot bath, getting more sleep, and eating chocolate can prevent depression, but they do improve mood. For example, studies have shown that there is an alkaloid in bananas, which can effectively help us lift our spirits, make the body feel happy, and get rid of depression. Adhere to regular eating and sleeping habits, maintain a positive and optimistic attitude, make more friends, and engage in more social activities, all of which can prevent the occurrence of depression.
Seek professional help when necessary. If the above methods still can’t make you get out of negative emotions, affect your daily life, work or study, be pessimistic about the future, or even have thoughts or behaviors of self-injury and suicide, it is recommended to seek professional help.
Like many other diseases, depression needs to be detected and treated early, and the sooner it is found, the better the treatment effect. The cured patients can completely resume normal work and life, and when encountering setbacks, they who have experienced troughs are sometimes stronger than ordinary people.