Obesity refers to the population with a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 28kg/m2, where BMI=weight (kg)/[height (m)]2, and the normal value of BMI is 18.5-24.0kg/m2. According to reports, in the past 10 years, the number of obese men in China has increased from 700,000 to 43.2 million; the number of obese women has increased from 1.7 million to 46.4 million, and the proportion of abdominal obesity among Chinese diabetic patients is as high as 45.4%. This is a serious problem that cannot be ignored. .
Clinical practice has proved that obesity is a risk factor for many diseases. The higher the degree of obesity, the risk of atherosclerosis, hypertension, coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes, hyperuricemia, fatty liver, osteoarthritis and even tumors bigger. “The longer the belt, the shorter the lifespan” is not just an alarmist warning. It is imminent to stay away from obesity and reduce diseases.
How does obesity lead to these diseases?
Most obese people have high blood lipids. Long-term high blood lipids can cause atherosclerosis, high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, stroke, and hyperuricemia and fatty liver due to metabolic disorders. Obesity not only reduces insulin sensitivity and increases insulin resistance, but is also a major cause of type 2 diabetes, making diabetes difficult to control.
Statistics show that the possibility of obese people suffering from breast cancer, uterine cancer, esophageal cancer, pancreatic cancer, liver cancer, and colorectal cancer is significantly higher than that of normal weight people. Therefore, reducing obesity can reduce the incidence of many diseases.
Losing weight is imperative, but is it reliable to skip dinner in order to lose weight?
This method of weight loss is naturally undesirable.
The correct healthy diet should be: three meals a day, eat a good breakfast, eat a full lunch, and eat less dinner.
Eating less dinner, on the one hand, is because you are about to go to bed after dinner. Eating less can reduce the burden on the digestive system and protect the functions of the stomach, intestines, pancreas and other digestive organs; on the other hand, it can prevent obesity. But eating less for dinner does not mean not eating, because food can not only provide us with nutrition and energy, avoid hunger, but also neutralize and dilute gastric acid, avoiding the invasion and destruction of gastric mucosal barrier by “attack factors” such as gastric acid and pepsin . As we all know, pH (pH value) 7 is neutral, pH 5-7 is weakly acidic, and gastric acid has a pH of 1.8-3.5, which is strongly acidic and has a strong invasion and damage effect on the gastric mucosal barrier. People who do not eat dinner for a long time will not only affect sleep due to the hungry contraction of the stomach, but also damage the gastric mucosal barrier, thereby inducing gastritis, gastric ulcer and other diseases.
In addition, after falling asleep at night, the excitability of the vagus nerve increases, the secretion of gastric acid and pepsin increases, and it is easier to damage the gastric mucosal barrier. Therefore, in order to lose weight, you must not skip dinner. The correct way is to eat less for dinner, not too big, and eat foods that are easy to digest and rich in multivitamins. Doing so can not only lose weight, but also avoid the destructive effect of “attack factors” on the gastric mucosa.
Finally, I would like to remind everyone: From a medical point of view, to lose weight, the catabolism of the human body must be greater than the anabolism. It is necessary to eat less dinner, and it is best to eat seven or eight full for breakfast and Chinese food. Keep exercising during the day and do more labor within your ability, so that you will consume more energy and lose weight accordingly. In addition, you can take in some foods that help you lose weight, such as cucumbers and green tea.