Due to the high pressure of life and work in modern society, the incidence of cerebral infarction is becoming younger. This article focuses on the causes of cerebral infarction, the signs of cerebral infarction and how to prevent cerebral infarction, hoping to arouse people’s attention to cerebral infarction.
What is cerebral infarction
Cerebral infarction, also known as ischemic stroke, refers to the occurrence of cerebrovascular disease or the clogging of blood emboli, resulting in obstruction of blood circulation and insufficient blood supply to the human brain tissue, which in turn makes brain cells necrosis due to ischemia. Under normal circumstances, cerebral infarction mostly occurs in middle-aged and elderly people, with a higher incidence.
Signs of cerebral infarction
(1) Look at the face
If symptoms such as general discomfort, dizziness, and inability to stand and walk stably appear, people should pay attention and identify whether they have a cerebral infarction as soon as possible. The doctor can observe the patient’s face to see if he has facial paralysis, pay attention to whether the patient’s left and right faces are symmetrical, and the corners of the mouth are skewed.
(2) Observe the verbal conversation
If the patient has a situation that is different from his usual speech, he needs to pay attention to whether he has a cerebral infarction. The main observation is whether the patient’s tongue can be straightened. The patient speaks discontinuously, stammers, the speech pronunciation is vague, unable to speak a complete speech, and the language is not clear. This is most likely a sign of cerebral infarction.
(3) Observe body movements
When the patient’s hands and feet are weak, the arms cannot be raised or raised over the shoulders, the feet cannot stand and walk normally, and they are prone to shaking, be vigilant. This is likely to be a sign of cerebral infarction, and the patient should seek medical attention immediately.
Factors causing cerebral infarction
Hypertension will increase the incidence of cerebral infarction. Because high blood pressure will seriously damage the blood vessel wall, and then affect the normal operation of the cerebral blood vessels, resulting in hardening occlusion and poor blood flow. In addition, high blood pressure will not only cause cerebral infarction, but also cause serious damage to the heart, kidneys and other organs, resulting in impaired organ function.
Hyperlipidemia plays an important role in the process of thrombosis and can increase the viscosity of blood, which can lead to insufficient blood supply to the brain tissue and cerebral infarction.
(Three) high blood sugar
Hyperglycemia also increases the prevalence of cerebral infarction. Hyperglycemia can also affect the normal circulation of blood in patients, increase its viscosity, and cause damage to blood vessels, causing thrombosis.
(4) Smoking and drinking
Long-term smoking and drinking will cause harm to the body and increase the prevalence of cerebral infarction. At the same time, it will also bury hidden dangers for coronary heart disease, liver disease, gastrointestinal disease and cancer.
(5) Obese people
Most obese people suffer from chronic metabolic diseases. In addition, obese people are also at high risk of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and hyperglycemia. Therefore, their cerebral infarction is more likely to be affected.
(6) Suffer from rheumatic heart disease, venous thrombosis
If the patient’s embolus is unstable, it will also increase the probability of cerebral infarction. Therefore, patients suffering from heart disease and venous thrombosis need to pay extra attention to standard treatment to reduce the probability of cerebral infarction.
How to prevent cerebral infarction
1. Strengthen physical exercise and improve your physical fitness. Many people in modern times are in sub-healthy state due to long time sitting in office and lack of exercise, and the human body has different degrees of health problems. Therefore, people should increase physical exercise appropriately, and at the same time pay attention to smoking and drinking less, to develop good living habits, improve physical fitness, and reduce the probability of illness.
2. Regular physical examination. Regular physical examination can help people understand their own physical conditions and can effectively prevent cerebral infarction. Regular physical examinations can find problems in time, solve them and treat them in time, and slow down the further development of the disease. In addition, people with “three highs” need to take medicine correctly under the guidance and advice of doctors.
3. A healthy diet contributes to good health. In terms of daily diet, people can eat more foods that help to remove vascular waste, such as deep-sea fish, black fungus, onions, corn, and kelp, which can effectively prevent cerebral infarction through a reasonable diet.
4. Healthy lifestyle. Modern life is stressful, people are busy at work, often work overtime and stay up late, which affects sleep quality. This is very easy to cause cerebral infarction. Therefore, people should try their best to maintain a reasonable schedule and ensure adequate sleep time to effectively prevent cerebral infarction.