The harm and prevention of hypertension

As a member of the “Three Highs”, everyone is no stranger to it. Hypertension is a chronic disease, but if the patient ignores it, its harm not only manifests in the disease itself, but also causes various complications, which seriously endanger the life and health of the patient. So what is the hazard of hypertension and how to prevent it? This article briefly introduces relevant knowledge for you, and hope it will be helpful to you.

Hypertension refers to the phenomenon that the pressure of blood flowing in the blood vessel on the blood vessel wall is continuously higher than the normal range. Hypertension can be called a “silent killer” in modern society. Many patients have no obvious symptoms before the onset. If hypertension develops for a long time, the patient is likely to suffer from serious diseases such as coronary heart disease and stroke. Relevant data show that there is about 1 case of hypertension in every 3 adults, and the population prevalence is showing an upward trend.

The harm of hypertension
(1) Cause coronary heart disease

Hypertension easily leads to coronary vascular disease. If the patient’s blood pressure is high for a long time, it is very easy to cause coronary atherosclerosis, which will cause the coronary arteries to become narrow, affect the blood supply of the myocardium, and eventually cause coronary heart disease.

(Two) cause heart failure

When high blood pressure affects the heart, it changes the structure of the heart, which has a serious impact on the function of the heart. If the patient’s blood pressure is high for a long time, it will cause a heavy burden on the left ventricle, making the left ventricle in a state of long-term involvement. The left ventricle will gradually become hypertrophic and dilated due to compensation, resulting in hypertensive heart disease and eventually heart failure.

(3) Lead to cerebrovascular disease

Patients with long-term hypertension can cause ischemia and degeneration of cerebral blood vessels, which can cause cerebral aneurysms and increase the probability of cerebral hemorrhage. It can be said that for patients with advanced hypertension, cerebral hemorrhage is the most common complication, and its lesion location, bleeding volume, emergency treatment, etc. will directly affect the patient’s prognosis, so the key to preventing cerebral hemorrhage is Normally control blood pressure effectively.

(4) Cause kidney disease

Since the kidney is involved in the formation of high blood pressure, if the blood pressure of the human body rises, it will cause damage to the kidney. When the patient has chronic hypertension, it will cause renal arterioles to harden. At the beginning of this situation, the patient will have weakened urine concentration, which is mainly manifested as nocturia. With continued development, the patient’s urine contains a large amount of protein, and the excretion of metabolic wastes in the body is difficult, which further increases the necrosis of the kidneys and causes kidney diseases such as uremia and renal failure.

(5) Cause retinopathy

After suffering from hypertension, as the disease progresses, the patient’s retinal arterioles will spasm and the arterial diameter will be narrowed. When the blood pressure increases for a long time, the patient’s retinal arteries become hardened. When the condition changes gradually, the patient will experience retinal hemorrhage and edema. If not treated in time, these exuded substances will be deposited on the retina, causing the patient to have visual disturbances, such as blurred vision and deformed vision.

Prevention and treatment of hypertension
1. Control salt intake. Patients with hypertension should pay attention to controlling the intake of salt. It is necessary to control the average daily salt intake within 6g, which includes salty seasonings such as MSG and soy sauce.

2. Rational use of drugs. During the treatment period, patients with hypertension should follow the doctor’s instructions to use drugs reasonably and adhere to drug treatment. At the same time, they should fully understand the harm to the body of irregular medication, especially the harm to the body when the drug is stopped, to avoid accidents and prevent blood pressure from rising. Patients should build up confidence and maintain perseverance to effectively prevent high blood pressure from causing damage to other organs of the body.

3. Blood pressure monitoring. Patients with hypertension should measure their blood pressure regularly and ensure that it is measured every 1 to 2 weeks. If possible, you can bring your own sphygmomanometer and learn to measure your blood pressure yourself.

4. Exercise moderately. Patients with hypertension should pay attention to the rules of life and exercise appropriately according to their own conditions. Exercise helps control body weight, promotes cardiovascular and cerebrovascular functions, and improves immunity. For example, walking, playing Tai Chi, brisk walking, riding a bicycle and swimming, etc., can increase the contractility of the patient’s heart muscle and reduce blood vessel tension. At the same time, exercise can also increase the patient’s appetite, help the gastrointestinal peristalsis, and is also very beneficial to sleep. In addition, normal people maintain good exercise habits, which also plays an important role in preventing hypertension.

5. Quit smoking and alcohol. Long-term heavy drinking can increase blood pressure and increase the incidence of hypertension. Smoking can also increase blood pressure. The smoke of each cigarette contains about 3% to 6% of carbon monoxide. According to statistics, after smoking a cigarette, the human heart rate will increase by 5 to 20 times/min, and the systolic blood pressure will rise by 10 to 25 mmHg. . Therefore, patients with hypertension need to quit smoking and alcohol. In addition, for patients taking antihypertensive drugs, if they drink alcohol regularly, the efficacy of the drugs will be reduced, making it difficult to control blood pressure.