Set off a superconducting world wave

  On December 18, 2018, the top international scientific journal “Nature” magazine selected the top ten figures of the year. In this top ten list, the youngest Chinese scientist Cao Yuan is at the top of the list.
  Cao Yuan won this award, the world is no longer surprised, because this is deserved. As early as March 2018, Cao Yuan once set off a world-class shockwave-only 22 years old, he overcame the century-old problem that has plagued world physics and achieved a qualitative breakthrough in the field of superconductivity. He published two papers in a row, setting a record for the magazine since its inception 149 years ago.
  In the history of world energy, the energy loss during power transmission is huge. Of the currently used transmission materials, about 7% of the energy is lost during the transmission process, which is a headache for all energy companies in the world. Dawn emerged in 1911, the Dutch physicist Kathrin Annes discovered a transmission material capable of reducing the electron loss to zero, and named it “superconductor”, which cheered the energy industry. As a result of this discovery, Onnes won the Nobel Prize in Physics. But soon after cheering, he fell into silence. Because behind this “superconductor”, there is a frustrated regret-to achieve this transmission condition, the environment must be cooled to absolute zero (that is -273 ℃). This is absolutely impossible in the real world, so this scientific research result cannot be put into practice, and energy companies still bear huge losses. Later, although countless scientists in the scientific community went to succeed and conduct research with great difficulty, they still did not find materials that achieved the performance of “superconductors” under normal temperature conditions. This regret lasted for 107 years, until Cao Yuan, the young boy.
  While studying for a PhD in physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cao Yuan has been devoted to studying graphene superconductivity, which is unprecedented in the world, and has been immersed in the laboratory day and night. In the experiment, he found that when the two layers of graphene stacked slightly shift from each other, according to his theory, the material will change dramatically, and it is possible to achieve superconductor performance. Although many physicists questioned this as a beautiful fantasy for a 20-year-old child, Cao Yuan was not bothered by murmurs, and firmly believed in his judgment. He still stayed in the laboratory day and night, overcoming various extreme conditions such as high temperature and extreme cold. Dream tirelessly. Finally, in an experiment, when Cao Yuan skillfully rotated the angle to 1.1 degrees, a miracle happened. Two layers of graphene exposed to a special electric field became a superconductor at room temperature, and electrons flowed unimpeded between them. Cao Yuan finally proved to the world Yourself! In order to be scientifically rigorous, he went through 7 months of repeated experiments and finally completed all the experiments. The world-class regrets of 107 years have finally come to an end.
  ”Nature” magazine introduced Cao Yuan in an annual article: “Creating an outstanding scientist in a completely new field of research.” His scientific research shocked the world. After Cao Yuan published his paper, in just 9 months, the initial commercial application of graphene has landed. Taking a mobile phone as an example, once a graphene battery is installed, the charging time of the mobile phone will be shortened to a flash of 16 minutes. Cao Yuan’s discovery will greatly promote the development of the consumer electronics industry, and will save hundreds of billions of dollars in energy transmission for the global energy industry.
  Breaking through a hundred years of hard work and creating “Nature” first, where is Cao Yuan?
  In 1996, Cao Yuan was born in Chengdu. At the age of 11, because of his talents different from ordinary people, he was selected to enter the super-class of Yaoyao Experimental Primary School in Shenzhen, and the teacher was specially provided by the school for guidance. Less than 3 years later, Cao Yuan completed all the courses of the sixth grade, junior high school and high school of the elementary school, which attracted the outside world’s surprised eyes. During the college entrance examination, he was admitted to the Junior Class of the University of Science and Technology of China with an outstanding score of 669 points. Although the junior class is a gathering place for geniuses, Cao Yuan is still outstanding. For others to complete the scientific research in one year, Cao Yuan only needs a short winter vacation, and he is called a “genius among geniuses”. Even Professor Ding Zejun, who is known as a “scientific killer” in China, is uncharacteristically praising Cao Yuan as a very smart guy. After graduating from the University of Science and Technology of China, Cao Yuan received the Guo Moruo scholarship, the highest honor for the undergraduates of the school, and went to the top five in the world to study for a doctorate at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. But in the face of praise, he seemed very low-key, saying that he was nothing special, and like his classmates, he also graduated from the undergraduate course in four years.
  ”Nothing special” is modesty, and it is also the realism of Cao Yuan’s next scientific research, and his road of scientific research has not been smooth. At the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, he was desperate because he missed the project he was interested in. He also worked on a principle throughout the night for 6 months, but in the end found that it was just a coincidence in the experiment and was hit … but He likes astronomy and love to look up at the starry sky. He has an extraordinary calm and peaceful mind. No matter what, he can quickly adjust it, and then plunges into the laboratory again, until he successfully finds a room temperature superconductor, and solves the world ’s century-old problems in one fell swoop. A wave of the world.
  Every year on the cover of “Nature” magazine, there is a report with a huge number 10 as the center, indicating that a total of 10 scientists are on the list. In 2018, the “0” in the number “10” in the picture was designed as a regular hexagon, representing the carbon ring structure of graphene in Cao Yuan’s experiment. At the same time, the figure presents a ghost image superimposed by two layers of red and blue grids. It was the “magic angle” in Cao Yuan’s experiment.
  Nowadays, many universities and scientific research institutions scramble to throw olive branches to Cao Yuan, but Cao Yuan returned to his alma mater, the University of Science and Technology of China, and he hopes to return to work here. Because he cultivated his scientific research spirit and nurtured his interest in scientific research, he hoped to spend more time on creating more miracles for Chinese science and technology.

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