Pushkin is known as the sun of Russian poetry and the founder of modern Russian literature. The Russian poet Chutchev praised him in his poem: “Russians remember you as they remember their first love”. People often talk about Pushkin’s legendary love and his tragic death. Pushkin was a romantic genius. In 1836, the 37-year-old Pushkin seemed to have a premonition that the road of life would come to an end, so he wanted to make a summary of the affairs of his life. He made a “Don Juan” list, which showed that his wife Goncharova was the 137th woman he had ever loved. Pushkin was married in 1831, in fact, after marriage, Pushkin did not cut off expressing goodwill to other women. Therefore, in his short life, Pushkin conservatively estimated that he had at least 150 women.
Today, this love life of Pushkin is quite lenient. Because people know that literature and life are inherently different. Pushkin wrote more than 200 love poems. In his poems, love is noble, pure and wonderful. Readers can obtain spiritual purification and sublimation from it, such as “To Kane”. Kane was Pushkin’s girlfriend, and at the age of 21, Pushkin met her for the first time in Petersburg. Kane was 19 at the time, married to a 52-year-old general. In 1825, Pushkin was exiled to a small mountain village for offending the Tsar, and Kane went to visit him. When Kane left the small mountain village, Pushkin, who was so moved, dedicated this poem to her. In the poem, the poet recalls fondly the beauty of his first meeting with Kane, his loss after separation from Kane, and the surprise of seeing Kane again:
I remember that wonderful moment:
in my You appear in front of you,
like a short-lived fantasy,
like an angel of pure beauty.
In the torment of hopeless sorrow,
in the trouble of the noisy and flashy life,
your gentle voice rang in my ears for a long time, and
I still saw your lovely shadow in my sleep.
Many years have passed, a stormy upheaval
Dispelled the dreams of the past,
so I forgot your gentle voice
and your fairy-like shadow.
In the backcountry, in the dark life of captivity,
my days passed away quietly,
no one to fall in love with, no inspiration for poetry,
no tears , no life, no love
Now the heart has begun to wake up:
at this time you reappeared in front of me,
like a short-lived phantom,
like an angel of purity.
My heart jumped in ecstasy,
and everything in my heart came to life again. There
are people who fall in love, inspiration for poetry, life, tears, and love. It should be said that in real life, Pushkin’s love has certain flaws. Because he focuses on love, but not on the specific object of love. However, from the perspective of literary creation, it was his flawed love life that made his flawless love poems. The more than 200 love poems he wrote in his life were dedicated to more than 100 different women. Literary creation, especially the creation of love poetry, requires continuous passion. In the history of Western poetry, there are also people like Dante and Petrarch who only wrote love poems for one woman in their whole life. However, Dante was never able to be with Beatrice in his life, and Petrarch and Laura were also unrelated. share. And Pushkin is different, he can always be with the person he likes. Therefore, he needs to constantly replace the love object that inspires his creative passion.
There is another reason why people understand Pushkin’s love behavior, that is, people know that there is a difference between social customs and general moral standards in a particular era. Morality is not relative, but it is relative. Compared with the asceticism advocated by Christianity, Pushkin’s praise of love in his poems and his practice of love in life have the rationality and humanity of anti-asceticism. Compared to Pushkin’s era and region, his actions are nothing. In the early 19th century, Russia developed a special ethos among the aristocracy because of learning from France: cheating. Aristocratic men and women are proud of having several lovers, so husbands and wives do not interfere with each other when they have lovers. Even the tsar himself openly courted Pushkin’s wife Goncharova. It is said that when Pushkin and his wife were walking, they met the tsar and the empress by chance. It was not Goncharova who was surprised, but the tsar and his wife, because the queen only discovered at this time that there were women in Russia who were more beautiful and moving than herself. Especially the Tsar, his “strabismus” was immediately cured by Goncharova, and later he awarded Pushkin a court position, the purpose is also to have more opportunities to get close to Goncharova. In the era of legalization and publicity of cheating, Pushkin is just one of the “beneficiaries” of this peculiar fashion. Of course, since he was married, and his wife was the most beautiful woman in Russia, the object of everyone’s admiration, it was not long before he became a victim of this fashion.
Pushkin is used to being free, and he is also worried that he used to cuckold others himself. Once he gets married, he will be cuckolded by others at any time. Therefore, he has been very pessimistic about marriage. However, he is also an ordinary person. After he passed the year, his wandering soul also longed for a home, so he married Goncharova. After marriage, Pushkin lived a relatively quiet and stable life. But her wife belongs to the upper class. At the beginning of the wedding, in order to express her love for his wife, Pushkin could sing, dance and drink with Goncharova. But Pushkin is a poet with pursuit after all, and doing nothing all day makes him feel that his life is wasted. He gradually lost patience, so he put his mind on the literary creation that he couldn’t put down, and in this way, he also gave others an opportunity.
Among the regulars at Pushkin’s house was a young, handsome and sweet-talking officer named Dantes. Dantes was originally a Frenchman, and by taking refuge with a Russian official, he obtained a Russian “passport” and became a Russian baron. Dantes is easier to win the favor of the opposite sex than Pushkin. Since Pushkin has no time to accompany Goncharova, he can easily have more communication with Goncharova. At this time, there were rumors in Petersburg that Dantes was pursuing Goncharova. Some people who hated Pushkin began to distribute big-character posters and wrote anonymous letters, claiming that Pushkin was the head of the turtle regiment, which greatly angered Pushkin. Although Pushkin was quiet and weak, he was fierce and aggressive in his bones. During his studies, his fencing and horse riding scores were better than cultural classes. Moreover, he often has to compete with his opponent because of a trivial matter, and his death completely scared the opponent away. In the face of Dante’s provocation, Pushkin naturally used a man’s way to solve men’s problems. In order to defend the dignity of men, he challenged Dantes.
Dantes knew that he was wrong, and without any preparation, he was a little afraid of death, and quickly declared that this was a complete misunderstanding. He said that the reason why he often went to Goncharova was because he was pursuing Goncharova’s sister. Soon after, Dantes actually married Goncharova’s sister, so that he became a relative of Pushkin and could justifiably be a “guest” at Pushkin’s house. After a period of calm, the flames rose again, and the story of Goncharova and Dante became a topic of heated discussion after dinner. This time Pushkin couldn’t take it anymore, and he proposed to make a complete break with Dantes. After careful preparation, Dante accepted Pushkin’s challenge this time.
They signed a duel treaty: the time is from 4:00 to 5:00 p.m.; the place is on the other side of the Heihe River; the weapon is a pistol; the distance between the shots is twenty paces; Pushkin’s contemporaries recalled the scene like this: The duel time came, although the weather was sunny, but the wind was very strong, and the temperature was about minus fifteen degrees. Pushkin, in a bearskin coat, was silent, but he showed a strong rush of impatience. Everything was ready, both sides of the duel took their places, the assistant gave a signal, and Pushkin raised his gun to aim, but Dante’s gun fired first, and Pushkin fell.
But Pushkin slowly got up, propped up his left hand, and fired his own shot, and Dantes fell. Pushkin said happily: hit, hit. However, Dantes only wounded the fur, while Pushkin wounded the fatal part, and the bullet penetrated into his stomach from his abdomen. Pushkin was sent home by carriage. After seeing Goncharova, he comforted his wife not to be afraid, and he would be fine. The doctors also came, but they were powerless. Before his death, Pushkin was sober, his wife fed him jam, and every time he took a bite, he repeated: ah, delicious, really delicious. After a brief flashback, Pushkin’s eyes gradually dimmed. A generation of writers passed away like this at the age of 38. After Pushkin’s death, 50,000 people mourned him. An old man exclaimed: God, I remember that when a marshal was dying, not so many people came to see him off.
As early as 1815, the 16-year-old Pushkin wrote “My Epitaph” and made such a prediction and positioning for his future life:
Pushkin is buried here, he and the young muse
in love and laziness, We spent a happy life together.
He didn’t do anything good, but he was kind-hearted, but he
was really a good person.
We can’t help but marvel at Pushkin’s foresight about himself. His life was always accompanied by love, literature and happiness. Although he was romantic, he was never nasty, and he was really kind-hearted and really a good person.