Patients with epilepsy need to pay attention to daily management

  Epilepsy, commonly known as sheep epilepsy and schizophrenia, is typically characterized by convulsions. Most patients are accompanied by vomiting and foaming symptoms. In severe cases, the eyes turn white and become unconscious. Although there are certain triggers for epileptic seizures, there is no timing. Therefore, patients and their families must master the corresponding protective measures. Doing a good job in prevention and learning some emergency treatment knowledge can help relieve the suffering of patients and prevent them from harming themselves.
4 points of daily management

  Self-management of epilepsy includes the information and resources that patients and their families need to build self-management skills and behaviors so that they can actively participate in the patient-centered care process. Its core elements include knowledge, attitudes, skills and behaviors, personal ability to deal with seizures, safety considerations for medication, communication between doctors and patients, and lifestyle choices. In summary, there are the following 4 main points:
  1. Daily records. During epileptic seizures, symptoms such as convulsions and rolling eyes have a short duration, and sometimes the symptoms disappear before the patient arrives at the hospital, which makes the doctor’s examination difficult. Therefore, patients and their families should keep a record of their condition. The patient himself can use a diary to record his physical state before the attack and the ongoing events to help the doctor understand whether there are some factors that may cause the patient to have an attack more easily, such as a cold, drinking alcohol, poor rest or long-term computer use, etc. . Avoiding these possible predisposing factors can help control seizures more effectively. Monitoring can be installed in the patient’s home to record the entire process of the patient’s illness in real time; if family members are present, it is best to use a mobile phone to shoot video and submit the video as diagnostic data to the doctor so that the doctor can accurately determine the condition.
  2. Take medicine on time. Medication is the main way to control epileptic seizures. Patients must overcome their fear of medication and take medication as directed by a doctor. Family members should supervise patients taking medication. In order to avoid forgetting, an alarm clock can be set according to the number of daily medications to remind patients to take medications on time. For patients who do not cooperate with treatment, they should explain the hazards of epilepsy and let them watch the epileptic seizure video so that they can understand the importance of taking medication and cooperate with the doctor for treatment. Patients should have regular work and rest schedules, and it is best to develop a biological clock to make taking medication a habit.
  3. Regulate emotions. Patients with epilepsy will inevitably suffer from a strange look, and patients will have emotions such as autism and depression. In this regard, patients should learn to adjust their emotions, always maintain a positive and optimistic treatment mentality, and face other people calmly. You can distract yourself by walking and other activities to overcome your fear of epilepsy. You can also learn calligraphy, painting, etc. to ensure peace of mind and prevent convulsions caused by emotional over-excitement.
  4. Effective communication. Discussions on the dangers of epilepsy, possible side effects of treatment, and the importance of self-management are the main content of effective communication between clinicians, patients, and family members. Clinicians should clearly inform patients and their families of the risk of epilepsy after the diagnosis of epilepsy, including the effects of epileptic seizures and drug side effects on the body, accidental injuries caused by epilepsy, suicide, etc. In view of the fact that acute epilepsy can easily cause trauma, suffocation, suicide, etc., patients must be looked after when they are out or at home. Family members should communicate with patients more often, and learn about their psychological and physical needs through conversations, so as to create a good recuperation environment for patients. In addition, patients should go to the hospital to communicate with doctors on a regular basis, feedback on recent physical conditions and medications, and let the doctor answer their doubts.
First aid for epilepsy to avoid misunderstanding

  When epileptic seizures occur, caregivers should call the emergency call and immediately implement the correct first aid: adjust the patient to a side lying position, tap his back to help him discharge the secretions in his lungs and nasal cavity, and prevent him from choking. If the patient’s limbs are stiff and difficult to move, try to tilt his head to one side and perform emergency operations. When performing first aid operations, avoid the following two misunderstandings:
  1. Pinching people hard. Affected by movies and TV dramas, after the occurrence of convulsions and coma symptoms, the first thing the family thought of was pinching someone. In fact, the occurrence of convulsions is caused by the abnormal discharge of neurons. As long as the discharge action lasts, the convulsions will last as long as there is no effect in pinching people.
  2. Put something into the patient’s mouth. Forced bite is a common symptom of epilepsy. Many people have different opinions on whether to stuff the patient’s mouth. One side thinks that something can be stuffed, such as a towel, and the patient will not hurt the tongue after biting it. The other side thinks that things cannot be stuffed. If the patient’s bite force is too strong, the stuff will break, and the stuff will be stuck in the mouth, which will cause breathing difficulties for the patient, and severely cause suffocation. In this regard, the author believes that stuffing the patient’s mouth is indeed risky, so it is not recommended.

Oxytetracycline HCL, Bendazol, Carbasalate calcium, Dihydropyridine, Fenofibrate

Chromium picolinate, Dimetridazole, Diprophylline, Flunixin meglumin, Flutamide

Niclosamide, Piroxicam, Pralidoxime iodide, Sodium camphorsulfonate, Tranexamic acid