Minimally invasive surgery, the new trend of clinical medicine

  Ms. Zhang, who is usually in good health, often feels headaches, heart palpitations, self-tested blood pressure is ridiculously high, and occasionally has symptoms such as dizziness, so she went to the hospital for examination and found that a 3cm tumor had grown in the left adrenal area. After the examination, Ms. Zhang was diagnosed with hypercatecholamineemia, and the culprit was the tumor of the left adrenal gland, called pheochromocytoma. The doctor suggested surgical resection, but Ms. Zhang was very scrupulous about the operation, worried about the surgical trauma, scars and various complications. After learning of her worries, the doctor carefully explained her condition and designed a single-port laparoscopic surgical plan for pheochromocytoma according to her personal physical condition. Only one hole on the body surface can complete all operations. . Hearing such a detailed and complete treatment plan, Ms. Zhang finally let go of her hanging heart and accepted the plan gladly. The operation proceeded as scheduled and achieved satisfactory results. Ms. Zhang’s symptoms of high blood pressure, headache, and palpitations miraculously recovered with the removal of the tumor. Looking at this small scar on her body, Ms. Zhang was overjoyed and shouted “magic”.
  Before, even a tumor with a small diameter, because of its deep location, surgery often required an incision of more than ten centimeters to remove it. It was traumatized, bleeding, slow recovery, and unsightly. With the continuous development of medical technology in my country, minimally invasive surgery has begun to enter our field of vision.
  Minimally invasive surgery refers to the delivery of special instruments, physical energy or chemical agents into the human body through a small trauma or a small approach to complete the surgical operations such as inactivation, resection, repair or reconstruction of the disease, deformity, and trauma in the human body , In order to achieve the purpose of treatment, its characteristic is that the trauma to the patient is significantly less than that of traditional surgery.
  The emergence of the new name “minimally invasive surgery” was guided by the creation of laparoscopic surgery. In 1985, Payne and others first proposed the concept of “minimally invasive surgery”, “minimally invasive operation” or “minimally invasive technology”. In 1986, German surgeon Muhe completed the world’s first laparoscopic cholecystectomy. In 1987, a French obstetrician and gynecologist. P. Mouret successfully completed the world’s first video laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Later, on the basis of laparoscopic surgery, Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS for short) appeared. Some experts suggested that it should be translated as “Minimally Invasive Surgery”, “Minimally Invasive Operation” or “Minimally Invasive Technology”, but it is a common and widely used literal translation term It is “Minimally Invasive Surgery”.
  The emergence of minimally invasive surgery is a blessing for both doctors and patients. Surgery of science and technology is the development direction of clinical surgery, and it is people’s imagination of the future of medicine. In the future, the ultimate goal of medical development is to replace major trauma and trauma with small trauma and non-traumatic. This shows that the development of minimally invasive surgery is a major advance in the history of medicine.
  In the beginning, the role of minimally invasive surgery was to diagnose diseases, and it has now been developed as a medical technology for adjuvant treatment. In recent years, minimally invasive surgery has penetrated into many surgical fields, such as common hepatobiliary diseases, gastrointestinal diseases, hernias and appendicitis, etc., and the shadow of minimally invasive surgery can be seen. In addition, intestinal obstruction, esophagitis, abdominal diseases, and gynecological diseases surgery, diagnosis and treatment, all require laparoscopy. At present, minimally invasive surgery can be accepted by patients as biliary system surgery, gastrointestinal disease surgery, splenectomy and liver surgery, which obviously has the advantages of less trauma, faster recovery of patients, and fewer complications. It can be seen that minimally invasive surgery has an irreplaceable role in the progress of clinical medicine, and it can even be said to be the trend of clinical medicine development.
  In real life, the more people know about medical knowledge and the higher their requirements for the quality of life, the more they will pay more attention to medical services with less trauma and high quality of treatment. Minimally invasive surgery can just meet people’s medical needs, so the development of minimally invasive surgery in the future will be valued by more people. The concept of minimally invasive surgery and high-quality minimally invasive surgery will be accepted and applied by more people.
  Although minimally invasive surgery plays a very important role in clinical medicine, it does not mean the negation of traditional surgery, but hopes to promote the common progress of minimally invasive surgery and traditional surgery in the discussion and analysis. Contribute to the improvement of clinical medicine in my country.

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