In most cases, gastroesophageal reflux is caused by irregular eating and drinking. In order to reduce the stimulation of gastric volume and gastric acid on mucosa, patients with gastroesophageal reflux should stay away from the following foods.
High-fat foods High-fat foods will greatly reduce the sensitivity of the stomach, weaken the gastric motility, and the accumulation of abdominal fat, which will cause the diaphragm esophagus to increase and cause food reflux. In addition to deep-fried foods, patients are advised to avoid drinking whole milk. If they want to drink milk, skimmed milk is preferred.
Acidic and irritating foods The common symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux are burning sensation, sore throat, hematemesis and blood in the stool, etc. Drinking acidic beverages or irritating beverages will make these symptoms worse. Therefore, patients need to stay away from orange juice, tomato juice, carbonated drinks and so on.
Drinking alcohol or alcoholic beverages can cause gastric dysfunction, increase gastric acid secretion, cause relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter, and damage the mucosal barrier in the esophagus. Therefore, patients with gastroesophageal reflux should avoid drinking alcohol and alcoholic beverages.
In addition, patients with gastroesophageal reflux need to pay attention to the following points in their diet: 1. Give liquid diet at the early stage of acute esophagitis to reduce the stimulation of food friction on the esophagus, and nutrients can be given through tube feeding or intravenously. 2. Acute esophagitis can gradually transition to a normal diet during the healing period, and eat a light liquid diet. 3. Eat a small amount of food several times, eat slowly, and avoid overeating, because overeating will increase the burden on the stomach and increase the chance of stomach acid flowing into the esophagus. 4. Use dry and thin meals to avoid insufficient energy intake. In addition, on the basis of a reasonable diet, attention to maintaining physical exercise can also help prevent and reduce the occurrence of gastroesophageal reflux.