November is about to usher in the two solar terms of Lidong and Xiaoxue. Autumn and winter are changing, and the temperature is dropping. Readers should pay attention to cold protection and keep warm, and add clothes in time. Various viruses and bacteria will also “come as promised” with the new round of cold air. In response to the high incidence of influenza season, the elderly, children and other weak people can receive influenza vaccines to prevent infection. Affected by the international and domestic epidemic situation, we still cannot relax the prevention and control of new crown virus pneumonia. Autumn and winter are also seasons of high incidence of viral diarrhea. Pay attention to food safety and personal hygiene to prevent norovirus infection. In addition, there is “World COPD Day” in November, to quit smoking as soon as possible to relieve chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Alternate autumn and winter to prevent new coronavirus pneumonia and influenza
It has now entered the season of high incidence of respiratory infectious diseases in autumn and winter, and the prevention and control of the epidemic cannot be relaxed.
Influenza vaccination is the most effective way to prevent influenza. The best time to get the flu vaccine is from September to November every year, before the peak flu season. Therefore, in November, it is even more important to get the flu vaccine as soon as possible.
Prevention of respiratory infectious diseases such as influenza and new coronary pneumonia starts with personal daily protection. Pay attention to maintaining good personal hygiene habits, balanced nutrition, moderate exercise, adequate rest, and avoid excessive fatigue.
●Avoid going to crowded places; if you really need to go, please maintain a safe social distance and wear a mask correctly.
●Wash your hands in time before meals, after going to the toilet, and when you return home after going out.
●Cover your mouth and nose with your upper arm or tissue or towel when coughing or sneezing, wash your hands after coughing or sneezing, and try to avoid touching your eyes, mouth and nose.
●Open windows regularly every day to keep the indoor air fresh.
●Once symptoms such as high fever, body aches, and respiratory tract infection occur, seek medical attention in time and try to rest at home.
●If there are influenza patients among family members, try to avoid contact with each other, especially the elderly, young children, pregnant women and patients with chronic diseases.
●People who have recently been to high-risk areas of new coronavirus pneumonia or have a history of contact with confirmed or suspected cases should take the initiative to report to the community where they live, and take the initiative to isolate and observe.
Maintain good hand hygiene to prevent norovirus infection
The incubation period after norovirus infection is generally 24 to 48 hours, with a minimum of 12 hours and a maximum of 72 hours. Infected persons develop sudden onset, and the main symptoms are nausea, vomiting, fever, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. In severe cases, they may die due to dehydration due to diarrhea. Vomiting is the main disease in children; diarrhea is the main disease in adults, and the stool is watery or watery, without mucus, pus and blood.
●Keep good hand hygiene
Keeping good hand hygiene is the most important and effective measure to prevent norovirus infection and control the spread of norovirus. Wash your hands properly with soap and running water for at least 20 seconds before meals, after going to the toilet, and before processing food. Note: Disinfecting wipes and hand sanitizers are not effective against norovirus and should not replace hand washing.
●Pay attention to personal food hygiene Drink plenty of boiled water
even in winter.
Wash vegetables and fruits thoroughly, and cook food thoroughly, especially seafood such as shellfish.
●Isolation at home during illness It is best for patients with
norovirus gastroenteritis to isolate themselves at home until the symptoms disappear completely for 2 days to avoid infecting others, especially those engaged in service industries and collective institutions, such as chefs, nurses, teacher.
●Do a good job
of disinfection When clustered or fulminant norovirus gastroenteritis outbreaks occur, comprehensive disinfection should be done, focusing on the surfaces of environmental objects, daily necessities, and food processing tools contaminated by patients’ vomit, feces and other pollutants , drinking water, etc., the most commonly used is chlorine-containing disinfectants.
Quit smoking early to prevent COPD
Every Wednesday in the third week of November is World COPD Day. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by persistent respiratory symptoms and airflow limitation, usually associated with airway and/or alveolar abnormalities caused by significant exposure to noxious particles or gases. COPD primarily affects the trachea and lungs, but can also cause systemic adverse effects.
In the early stage of COPD, there are the following symptoms:
Cough: The cough is most frequent and severe in the morning, and there is a cough or expectoration at night.
Coughing up sputum: coughing up sticky sputum or frothy sputum, the amount of sputum increases during the acute attack period, and there may be purulent sputum.
Dyspnea: The hallmark symptom of COPD. In the early stage, dyspnea occurs only during physical exertion, but gradually worsens in the later stage, and even feels short of breath when resting.
Smoking cessation is an important measure to prevent COPD, and it is also the simplest and easiest measure. Quitting smoking at any time is beneficial to prevent the occurrence and development of COPD. Controlling occupational and environmental pollution and reducing the inhalation of harmful gases or particles can reduce the abnormal inflammatory response of airways and lungs.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a chronic disease. Currently, there is no medicine that can completely cure it. Don’t believe in folk remedies, secret remedies passed down from one’s ancestors, etc. If you are sick, please go to a regular hospital for treatment.
For COPD patients, long-term self-management is required. The main preventive measures are to avoid high-risk factors and acute exacerbation triggers, enhance the body’s immunity, quit smoking, and receive influenza and pneumococcal vaccines under the guidance of a doctor. , Adhere to long-term regular medication, reasonable diet, appropriate rehabilitation training, long-term home oxygen therapy, etc. These measures can effectively reduce acute exacerbations and hospitalization times, maintain a stable condition, and improve the quality of life.