1. Use your brain regularly to delay aging
Brain use is a “mental long-distance run” for the elderly. Excessive use of the brain can make the brain cells more developed and stronger, which helps to prolong life; on the contrary, if you are lazy to use the brain, the brain is prone to degenerative changes. The Rush University Medical Center in Chicago has done a study called “Rush Memory and Aging Project”. Through a five-year follow-up study, it was found that those who keep the brain constantly active suffer from Alzheimer’s disease. The odds are significantly lower than those who don’t use the brain. Researchers have also found that activities that require brain activity, such as playing chess, reading books, and reading newspapers, help keep the brain active.
2. Strengthen exercise to prevent falls
Strengthening exercise not only helps to slow down the aging of the legs, but also enhances the body’s metabolism, speeds up blood circulation, strengthens respiratory function, expands lung capacity, promotes intestinal peristalsis, and reduces the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. It is recommended that the elderly often perform outdoor exercise activities such as walking, jogging, and Tai Chi. It should be noted that the elderly must do what they can during the exercise. If they are full of energy, good appetite, sleep, and high spirits after exercise, it means that the amount of exercise is appropriate; if they feel very tired and tired after exercise, it means that they have exercised too much. Appropriate reduction.
3. Regular physical examination, do not miss
After 60 years of age, human body functions begin to decline significantly. Experts suggest that people over 60 must have regular physical examinations. Elderly people with poor physical conditions can increase the frequency of physical examinations to once every six months to keep abreast of their physical conditions. It is best to ask a doctor to interpret the results of the physical examination in time, and make adjustments to your lifestyle, diet or medications in accordance with the doctor’s advice.
4. Daily routine, make up at noon
In addition to paying attention to personal hygiene, quitting smoking, alcoholism and other bad habits, the elderly must also strictly ensure the regularity of work and rest, try to go to bed and get up early, ensure 6 hours of sleep, and pay attention to work and rest. Experts suggest that elderly people with poor sleep quality and more frequent awakenings at night may wish to “charge their bodies” through a nap.
5. Eat a balanced and moderate diet
Some elderly people excessively pursue low-salt and low-fat diets for health, only eat vegetarian food without eating meat, or think that soup is more nutritious than meat, and only drink soup without eating meat, resulting in chronically low protein intake. If this happens, it will cause resistance. Problems such as reduced strength, accelerated aging, and muscle loss. Xu Shufang, deputy chief physician of the Nutrition Department of Wuhan Central Hospital, suggested that people over 60 have a diverse diet and a combination of meat and vegetables to ensure that there are five types of food in their daily diet, including cereals, vegetables, fruits, milk beans, and fish.
6. Autonomous control, live out fun
With age and physical aging, the elderly’s ability to take care of themselves and thinking in life gradually decline, and their sense of self-worth and identity also gradually decline, causing many elderly people to experience psychological crises. Especially people who have just retired have a great psychological contrast. They often see things like old things, sentimentality, and even compare each other. These will cause the elderly to have anxiety, depression, depression and other emotions.
In view of the psychological characteristics of the elderly in my country, Yang Ping, secretary-general of the Geriatric Psychology Branch of the Chinese Society of Gerontology and Geriatrics, puts forward the following suggestions: ①The elderly should respect the wishes of their children, and don’t be uncomfortable with everything and care about everything; ②Develop their own hobbies, Such as calligraphy, photography, travel, etc.; ③Go out of the house more, participate in social activities, make like-minded friends, and maintain a love and yearning for life.