Where civilization and wisdom began

  The former residence of celebrities is not only a simple building, but also endowed with historical materials and cultural connotations because of its owner. It is a precious spiritual home for a city and even a country. From the attitude towards the former residence, it can be seen that a society has a great influence on culture. Attitude.
  As an ancient country with thousands of years of splendid and profound culture, my country has countless former residences of celebrities: Cao Xueqin Memorial Hall in Zhengbaiqi Village, Xiangshan Mountain, Beijing, leads us back to the dream of Red Mansions hundreds of years ago; Tianjin’s Italian-style ice drinking room, Let us appreciate the style of Liang Qichao’s generation of masters who have studied both China and the West; the former residences of Lu Xun in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shaoxing also make us realize the profoundness of his “national soul”. However, at the same time, we are also witnessing the helpless collapse of the buildings that bear the history: since 2009, after more than two years of “demolition” and “protection”, Liang Sicheng’s former residence of Lin Huiyin, In the end, the ashes vanished; and recently, in the Brick Tower Hutong in Xicheng District, Beijing, an old house where Mr. Lu Xun lived and wrote “Blessings” was also labeled “demolition”.
  Faced with such fates as the former residences of famous people, apart from heartache and accountability, we should also think about its protection from the source. Today, let us look at a few cases of foreign protection of former residences, which can not only provide us with reference from the level of technical methods, but also inspire how to deal with the profound traditional culture of the Chinese nation.
  The former residence of Hugo
  in France As an ancient civilization, France is well versed in the preservation and continuation of buildings. Except for those giants that shine in the annals of history and are famous, every plant, tree, monument and stone in this country all reveal a unique temperament and charm.
  For example, the Place des Vosges in the old district of Le Marais in Paris, like the old squares that can be seen everywhere, is quiet and simple, which is very different from the hustle and bustle of modern prosperity; at the southeast corner of the square, there is an empty and lonely promenade, No. 6 The door number is hidden in it. If you don’t know the inside story, and you are new to the scene, you are likely to ignore this inconspicuous place. The former residence of one of the greatest writers in the world-No. 6, yes, it is the former residence of Victor Hugo, who has been famous for the ages.
  Hugo and his family moved into the 280-square-meter apartment in 1832, the year before the thirty-year-old Hugo had already made a name for himself—his “Notre Dame de Paris” aroused strong repercussions and still remains to this day. Considered a classic of the Romantic genre. In the sixteen years of living in this apartment, Hugo not only achieved a bumper harvest in literary creation: he published five poetry collections, “Oriental Collection”, “Autumn Leaves Collection”, “Morning and Evening Collection”, “Sound of Heart Collection” and “Light and Film Collection”. He wrote six plays, “The King’s Pleasure”, “Lycles Borgia”, “Mary Tudor”, “Angelo”, “Lui Blass” and “Guardian of the Castle”; also from the 1840s In 1841, he was elected a member of the French Academy of Sciences, and in 1845 he became a member of the House of Peers. Until he was forced to move out in 1848 because of the “June Incident”, this apartment has witnessed the bits and pieces of his heyday.
  Hugo originally lived on the second floor, but now the entire building has been turned into a former residence memorial. Stepping into it, walking through the rooms, corridors, and stairs, you will find that all the furnishings inside are in the style of 19th century Europe. The permanent exhibition hall starts from the second floor, including the front hall to the final bedroom, where there are cradles, tables and chairs, portraits, decorations, bookshelves and even the last bed that Hugo lay on before his death. objects, so this limited space condenses the time of Hugo’s life. The fifty-year-long love between Hugo and Juliet was indeed an extramarital affair. However, perhaps because of its true love, perhaps because of the romantic and tolerant nature of the French, this relationship was not only not criticized, but received sincerity. respect, so in the second exhibition hall, we can see the fresh and beautiful portrait of Juliet. What’s more interesting is the third exhibition hall. When you walk to the door and look up, a strong Chinese style immediately blows your face: ceramics, lacquer paintings, wood carvings, hanging banners… all of them are Chinese antiques! Hugo has always been fascinated by oriental culture, and often lingers in flea markets and antique shops with like-minded Juliet; in addition to shopping for treasures, Hugo, who has superb artistic endowment, also draws woodcarving works full of Chinese style by himself, and inlays them from time to time. Enter his or Juliet’s initials: “V·H” or “J·D”. Time and space flow, when we witness these exquisite and elegant antiques, we seem to face the master and see his inner heart.
  In fact, Hugo may not be the darling of the ruler, especially in the era he lived in. Hugo, who has always advocated freedom and humanitarianism, was neither a republican nor a socialist, so the fate waiting for him could only be exile: since 1848 Since the “June Incident” of 2009, his escape career has kicked off. It was not until the fall of the Second Empire and the establishment of the Third Republic in 1870 that he was able to return to his homeland. During this period, he never stopped working with France. the struggle of the authorities. However, the French government did not pursue the “crimes” of this “rebel minister”, and did not even ban him. When Hugo died in 1885, the government also held a state funeral for him. Two million people came from all over Paris to attend the funeral. His coffin was transported to the Pantheon for burial, and a street in Paris was named “Vic.” More. Hugo Boulevard”.
  In 1902, the city government officially acquired the apartment on the Place des Vosges, and collected relics about the great writers. It even traced back to the Hauteville Fairy apartment where the writer lived in Genesy when he was in exile, and moved many of the furnishings there. In the end, the apartment was named the Hugo House Memorial, which is open to the public free of charge. In order to better protect the relics, the government even ordered that the exterior of all buildings in the Place des Vosges could not be renovated, so this square built in the era of Henry IV in 1605 still remains the same. There are parks with sparse vegetation and three-story red brick buildings. Walking in the square, you can experience the confidence shared by real cultural powers: because of accumulation and confidence, you are calm, without deliberate grandstanding, and you can do it at your fingertips. It has moved people’s hearts. All the details in the former residence of No. 6 tell the style of France in the 19th century. When they come together, we can appreciate the efforts of the French to restore Hugo’s original appearance, the national pride of having this master, and the protection of culture. Perseverance and piety.
  British blue card system
  In the United Kingdom, any building with a blue ceramic disc with a diameter of about 50 cm inlaid on the outer wall of the house is protected by the British government as a cultural relic and cannot be demolished or rebuilt. These marked buildings are the former residences of famous people, and the blue card is their “protection card”.
  The “Blue Card” is a certificate issued by the Blue Card Committee, a specialized agency for the protection of the former residences of celebrities under the British Heritage Committee, to the former residences of celebrities in the world. It indicates the names of celebrities and their contributions. Initially limited to former homes in the London area, it expanded to Merseyside, Birmingham and Southampton in England since 2004. The British have long been conscious of protecting cultural relics. In 1863, William Edward MP proposed to “hang commemorative plaques” for the former residences of celebrities at a meeting of the House of Representatives. Three years later, the Royal Society of Arts established an official organization for the listing of former residences of celebrities, and began to implement listings the following year. The poet Byron was the first to enjoy this honor. So far, the former residences of more than 900 celebrities have been listed in the UK, including more than 30 foreigners, including Mr. Lao She, a famous Chinese writer. Among the nearly 1,000 celebrities, most of them are writers, as well as thinkers, scientists, artists, economists and a few politicians.
  Of course, it is not easy to get the honor of being listed as a blue card. For this reason, the blue card committee has introduced a set of strict selection criteria. Only celebrities with both well-known and long-lasting reputation and their former residences can be considered. Once approved , hanging up the blue card, the former residence here has obtained the undoubted right of protection. Most of those old houses have gone through the vicissitudes of life, but most of them have not been converted into museums or memorials, and are still inhabited by the current homeowners, but the homeowners are not allowed to change their appearance and are responsible for regular maintenance to keep them neat and tidy.
  George Eliot was an outstanding British realist writer in the 19th century, as famous as Dickens and Thackeray. A building located in Wandsworth, a city in southeastern England, used to be Eliot’s former residence; it was here that Eliot and his lover George Henry Lewis spent a happy time of mutual support and encouragement, and received their guests. Dickens, who came to visit, also created a classic work that established his status in the literary world – “The Mill on the Floss”. The beautiful scenery of Wandsworth’s quiet birth purified Eliot’s mood and perspective, and she was deeply influenced by it. The final words flowing out of the pen were as touching as the scenery. In 1859, she wrote “On the Floss River” “The Mill” expressed his love for the enchanting scenery outside the window on its home page. The house was later added to the Blue Card Commission’s conservation list, and Elliott became the first woman to receive the honor.
  Because of the existence of the blue card, Wandsworth has specially opened up a protected area. All buildings in the area cannot exceed 3 storeys high, and their style must be in harmony with the local scenery. The role of the blue card is not limited to this, when a storm broke out in 2010, it played a greater role. At that time, a real estate company was planning to build a 5-story apartment complex with 22 buildings near Elliott’s house. However, this plan was quickly protested by the local people, because it would destroy the architectural scenery of the local area and even Eliot’s former residence, making the cultural resources recorded by the ancient masterpieces and the proud Chinese people no longer exist. In the end, with the blue card, the protests of the local people persisted and won, the real estate developers had to stop the development plan, and the original appearance of Elliott’s former residence survived.
  The British “Blue Card” shows us the powerful guarantee of institutionalization for the former residences of celebrities.
  Kafka’s former residence
  in Prague Prague, the Czech capital, is the first city in the world to be listed as a world cultural heritage by UNESCO. Among them, there are more than 2,000 ancient buildings of various types under national key protection. Praise: “Prague is the most beautiful city in Europe.” Apart from those beautiful and ancient buildings, Prague is full of strong humanistic spirit: Franz Kafka, Hasek, Milan Kundera and Composer Dvorak, any one, is enough to make this city famous.
  There is a golden lane in the city, paved with brick and stone, which is the only way to go from the Old Town Hall Square, St. George’s Church to the Toy Museum, Charles Bridge, and therefore the essence of Prague. At first glance, this street may not be very special: it is short enough to walk from street to end of alley in a few minutes, and the low-rise houses on both sides, although exquisitely decorated, are just ordinary shops. However, only when you come to the No. 22 house will you be suddenly hit by two deep and eternally lonely eyes, and you will forget time and space and yourself in an instant. This is the former residence of Kafka!
  Kafka’s nerves are extraordinarily sensitive and delicate, which allows him to perceive and experience subtle details that others often overlook, but it also damages his own health. Between 1916 and 1917, unable to bear the hustle and bustle of the old town, he moved to the aqua blue bungalow of his sister Otra. In fact, the environment here is not very suitable-Golden Lane was originally the residence of servants and craftsmen. Later, it was named because of the gathering of many warlocks who alchemy for the king; after the 19th century, it gradually became a slum. The house Kafka lived in was also small and cramped, surrounded by densely packed houses. No wonder Kafka said: “The cage is waiting for a bird, and my bird is waiting for a bird. Birdcage.” With his perseverance and forbearance, Kafka wrote tirelessly here and completed the famous novel “The Castle”.
  Today, this one-room, 10-square-meter cottage has not been established as a special memorial hall as usual, but has been converted into a bookstore, where Kafka’s works are displayed in a dazzling array, and writers are printed on them. ‘s avatar. His eyes are clear and lonely, and he looks at every visitor or worshiper with such eternal eyes; standing here, he can feel the coexistence of Kafka’s compassion and fear, insight and shyness in all directions. unique sight. Perhaps only at this moment can we understand the painstaking efforts of the Prague government to change the original appearance of the memorial instead of building it.
  For Kafka, the representative of expressionism, the metaphysical spiritual world has always surpassed the real material world; and writing is all the support of his short and miserable life, and his real life above the mundane. Kafka knew very well that sacred writing is something that requires the whole body and mind, and is therefore tragic in the final analysis; he is also prepared to abandon worldly comforts for this and finally arrive at metaphysical supremacy. Kafka once said to his friend Gustav Janusch: “In our hearts, the dark corners seem to have some mysterious streets, closed windows, dirty courtyards, noisy hotels, etc. Still alive – this unhealthy old Jewish street in our hearts is more realistic than the hygienic new streets around us. We are walking in dreams with our eyes open. Perhaps we ourselves are dead souls who have passed away.” So, From the world constructed by Kafka instead of the real world, we can get a glimpse of his most real soul full of contradictions and confusion, which is great and inferior, longs for the outlet of loneliness but escapes the joy of the world.
  The Prague government seized on this point and did not maintain the original appearance of the former residence as usual, but presented it to the world with books that embody the soul of Kafka, which is to show the true nature of Kafka. spiritual endowment.
  This allows us to see that another way of protecting the former residences of famous people – without following the rules and sticking to the form, as long as you choose an appropriate interpretation method and show the characteristics of the owner, it is equally worthy of encouragement!
  On the other hand, my country certainly has extensive and profound cultural and historical resources that other countries cannot match. It also needs to be properly protected and utilized. This is not only a responsible approach to the Chinese people but also to all mankind. The reason why the former residences of celebrities in our country are repeatedly demolished and destroyed is because the economic interests of the commodity market have influenced culture, and in order to pursue commercial interests, culture is used as a price; Cultural protection is not enough. my country’s Cultural Relics Protection Law is not perfect and lacks a complete set of systems such as the British “blue card system” to regulate. Since it is impossible to clarify which former residences are enough to protect, there are many loopholes that some people can exploit. , and the cost of breaking the law is not enough to serve as a warning; the relevant functional departments of the government do not pay enough attention to the former residences of celebrities, and the indifference or lack of responsibility of the authority leads to insufficient supervision of the former residences; in addition, protecting the former residences of celebrities is the obligation of the whole people. Defending cultural relics is part of the national quality, but the majority of the masses have not been able to have consciousness and action.
  In this regard, we should first update the concept: the former residence of famous people is not an accessory that can be sacrificed by politics or economics, and should be respected and guarded. Second, establish a strict and complete system to maintain, fill in the gaps in the laws related to cultural relics, and incorporate the protection of the former residences of celebrities into the legal system. Finally, we must ideologically realize the importance of the former residences of celebrities. The government should dig out their characteristics to display and strengthen protection, and the public should also take responsibility and fulfill the obligations of qualified citizens. Protecting the former residences of famous people can reflect a nation’s prudence and intentions in preserving civilization, and a country will gain better inheritance and development!