Spiritual interpretation of megalithic architecture

  The megalithic period of the Stone Age can be said to be a peculiar peak of human prehistoric culture. It shocks people’s hearts with its heavy and huge stone landscape. What kind of spiritual drive drove the prehistoric people to build such great buildings? This is a fascinating topic. Can such enthusiasm and passion be called artistic creation? What is art? An important function of art is to satisfy subjective and emotional needs, thereby venting inner desires and emotions, which is directly related to the feeling of the soul. Can these ancient megalithic buildings be considered works of art? Is it related to diet? Or is it related to entertainment? Or is it related to religion? What kind of emotional factors and psychological motives did all this reflect on the ancient ancestors?
  From this issue, we will successively publish Mr. Duan Shouhong’s research articles on megalithic culture to help readers fully understand the mysterious culture and art of that period.
  The generation of myth can be said to be the tortuous projection of human spiritual experience, and the scene vividly depicted is the real existence of the past. There is a character Sisyphus in Greek mythology. He had such an experience that the gods punished him for constantly pushing boulders to the top of the mountain because of his fault. Perhaps this idea was the beginning of the concept of human original sin in later religions. Because of archaeological discoveries, the prehistoric ancestors used to carry boulders for a long time. If we remove the ethical and moral values ​​artificially endowed in the circulation of myths and stories and the disputes spread due to the interpretation, what we see is a picture of people pushing the boulders. In such a distant era, what kind of spiritual heights and what kind of ideas can be established by pushing the boulders? We can’t explain it clearly, but we can peek into a great era in the past of mankind.
  The tenacity of the spirit of this era and the great effort of physical strength have been exchanged for the fruit of wisdom. It can be known from the myth that Sisyphus’ labor often came to nothing. Whenever he was about to push the boulder to the top of the mountain, the too heavy stone rolled down from the top of the mountain to the bottom of the mountain, so he repeated it over and over again and again in anguish. own labor. What was all this for? From the megalithic buildings remaining in the world, it is intuitively felt that the prehistoric ancestors transitioned from the distress and fragility of the “Sisyphus” to the spiritual strength in the process of pushing the megaliths.
  This myth about Sisyphus reveals an ancient charm. When people deal with huge stones, it is a hard job and it is related to the gods. This endless hard labor naturally affects the psychological state, which involves spiritual problems. By comparing Sisyphus as a symbol of human beings, this group of “Sisyphus” are feeling the loneliness of being in the wind, rain and thunder of nature, or in a somewhat absurd psychological atmosphere, this group of rational creatures are thinking One question: in this difficult and multiplying life process, what new meaning of existence should be discovered that human beings urgently need? This is of great significance to the prehistoric people. For people in primitive society, religious feelings will never arise from a happy and indifferent taste. It must be that people’s lives have encountered an unprecedented spiritual crisis, which will induce the occurrence of religious belief, and use this belief to resolve the inexplicable panic. , to relieve anxiety, and the huge energy generated by this spiritual power will be released in an unprecedented form, forming the “megalithic period” highlighted by the author, and achieving a shocking artistic landscape that will be thousands of years later.
  Modern psychology’s research on the human spirit shows that the pursuit of illusory ideals made by the crowd can often create wisdom beyond the times. At this time, culture is endowed with the characteristics of “daydreaming”: seeking “impossible” material forms to make The mental burden is relieved. What is shown here is not delusion or meditation, but a purpose that has no practical effect, and this purpose is often related to the meaning of the existence of the crowd. Therefore, the daydream complex of human beings may be the origin of human culture. Take the largest pyramid in ancient Egypt as an example. The sandstone at the top of its 146-meter-high top comes from the depths of the rock formation. It was once placed at that height. If all the stones below it are removed, it will be a miracle. Be our daydream today. However, the stones of the entire pyramid have been piled up there for thousands of years, becoming the daydreams of the ancestors for the gods and the whole of their existence. On such a spiritual basis, when we look at it, it is almost a history An unbreakable nightmare, because time hides the part of the psychic power it once possessed.
  It should be an interesting philosophical topic to discuss the aesthetic characteristics of megalithic construction and to explore and examine the cultural psychology of its initial construction. The megalithic culture is inseparable from the sacrificial form, which is directly reflected in the cave paintings inhabited by the Paleolithic humans, or on the cliffs of the cliffs. Although this is an immovable object, it can also be classified as a kind of megalithic culture. The primitive people painted rough beast images with mineral paints on the stone walls of the caves, definitely not because of pure aesthetic concepts, but must be related to spiritual and life reality, such as witchcraft. Because human beings have more cowardice in their hearts than predators among beasts, which is also part of the spirit. Copy the scene of the herd running in front of the rock wall, dance while grilling meat on the bonfire, and play the bone whistle that makes a sound – a musical instrument with a strange frequency made by the prehistoric ancestors, which stimulates the spirit and psychology of the animals. Slow down the movement of the beast, or cause hallucinations. It is still unclear how this voice was recognized, to what extent this sorcery cut into the lives of the ancestors, and perhaps its function already bears the insignia of the gods – all of which can make the spirit harmonize and excite , and more fundamentally is to inspire the courage to live, to take a step for the accumulation of one’s own culture, so that future generations can see the beautiful pictures on the leftover boulders. When such a painting is discovered by modern people, it is almost impossible to believe that it is the creation of the prehistoric ancestors. Even if modern artists have such paintings, they should be called exquisite. Where does it all come from? In the process of transforming spirit and existence into performance, it is difficult to see the traces of time, and the past and future cannot be seen here, revealing the characteristics of eternity in nature.
  When the meaning of religious gods was first established, they all came from the constant influence of nature on human life. At that time, a certain phenomenon that suddenly appeared would attract people’s great attention. This concentration of attention is a prerequisite for the identification of gods, which makes it have the color of a daydream. Seeing the sudden eruption of the volcano and facing the plume of dust and smoke thousands of meters high from a distance, will it become the material for the myth of the “Ladder to the Sky” of the prehistoric ancestors? When all perceptual knowledge is summarized as abstract concepts, there will be a clear spiritual worship of gods. If an alien suddenly descends on a stone in front of primitive people, long after that, the phenomenon, after a long fusion with the natural things they are familiar with, must make it a fixed worship in their lives. The gods have become an indispensable source of spiritual power. The use or development of boulders is not limited to the use of living materials. Stone, a material with solid characteristics, will become a direct manifestation of spiritual materialization. The cultural power contained in it should be quite extensive, and almost all aspects of witchcraft can be reflected in the phenomenon of stone culture.