Legend living in the tree

  Many Western writers have thought uniquely about life and existence, and their works have also produced profound philosophical thoughts full of humanistic concern. Calvino’s “The Baron in the Tree” is one of them. The themes of pursuit, perseverance and conversion it explores all contain Calvino’s philosophical thoughts on the predicament of human existence and the theory of human disability. At the same time, when many writers describe pessimism, despair, absurdity and paradox, “The Baron on the Tree” depicts a legend of an ideal living state.
  Italo Calbino (Italo Calbino, 1923-1985) is one of the Italian contemporary writers with world influence. He constantly explores and innovates in his creations, and strives to express the spirit of modern people, as well as his perceptions and beliefs about life in the most appropriate form. “The Baron on the Tree” is Calvino’s representative work “Our Ancestors” trilogy with the longest length and the most emotional work. The work tells the story of Cosimo, a teenager in Umbrosa, Italy, who climbed a tree because of a dispute with his father, and vowed not to go down again. When everyone ignored it, Cosimo’s behavior of climbing the tree changed from a momentary impulse to a perpetual persistence: he stayed on the tree for more than fifty years, and he never went down to the ground until his death. The work describes in detail the important events of Cosimo’s fifty years in the tree-he hunted, read, fell in love, participated in political activities, and interacted with all kinds of people. He has gone through the changes of the times, and has also completed his life journey in the overlook of the human world. Cosimo’s life can be summed up in pursuit – perseverance – conversion.
  Pursuit is an indispensable life need of human beings, and it is also a very old theme in literature. The endless pursuit of human beings often has the meaning of pursuit derived from the instinct of life. Literature is one of the main carriers to represent this human spirit. From Jason’s pursuit of the Golden Fleece in ancient Greece, to Bunyan’s “Pilgrim’s Progress” in modern times in search of the soul’s destination, to modern Kafka’s “Castle” in search of the value of human existence, all of these works are about “” Quest” classic. In “The Baron in the Tree”, Cosimo’s lifelong pursuit is also the embodiment of this theme.
  ”The Baron in the Tree” begins with a story of Cosimo’s life on earth. Cosimo’s father only thought about the family tree, inheritance rights, and the struggle and union of the powerful and powerful; his mother’s dream was the army and war, complaining that Cosimo’s father was a mediocre common man who spent all his days in depression. Weaving to get by; sister Batista, who is ill-tempered and eccentric because of her father’s forcing a life of isolation, cooks bizarre food for family members every day; Father Fauch Lafleur. The days were dull and boring, and the dining table, the only place where children met their parents, became the place where all the antagonisms between family members were exposed. In all of Cosimo’s life, there was no exciting joy, no heart-wrenching pathos, just like that, and the scariest thing is that it will be like this tomorrow. Finally, at a lunch, a strong desire to change his destiny broke out – Cosimo could no longer bear the disgusting snails and false and uninteresting life, he climbed up a tree and vowed never to go down. Although this behavior has no clear purpose for Cosimo, who is only 12 years old, a belief has sprouted in his heart: to break the routine and rebuild his life.
  In fact, Cosimo literally threw himself into life as soon as he climbed the tree. So many years in the tree, he read a lot of books, has the ability to think independently, and has correspondence with the great European philosophers and scientists – this is Cosimo’s pursuit of wisdom. Cosimo had two loves in his life, the first time was with the exiled noble lady Ursula. For him, the sudden love made him happy and flustered. His love affair with Viola, the Marquis, was lingering and heart-wrenching. In Viola, Cosimo found a lot of things in common with him, such as an uninhibited soul – this is Cosimo’s pursuit of love. At the time of the war, Cosimo stood on a tree and called on the people of Umbrosa to resist the government’s heavy taxes. The book on the guide of the rulers – this is Cosimo’s pursuit of the social value of people… It can be said that Cosimo’s pursuit almost summarizes the major experience of human life, making the pursuit itself beyond the pursuit of a certain A desire for a specific thing has a more universal meaning.
  Cosimo’s life shows us the infinity of life – the value and meaning of life lies in the endless pursuit and exploration. Although the result of each pursuit is unknown, life is sublimated again and again in the great cycle of continuous pursuit, continuous success, and continuous disillusionment. Cosimo’s contempt for the world and his passion for life made him give up worldly pleasures in the usual sense. Although the process of pursuit is difficult and the price of pursuit is expensive, the pursuit itself has become rich in meaning. The process of climbing to the top of the tree itself is enough to enrich the human mind. Looking at this work in this way, Cosimo’s life is abstracted, and it is no longer limited to a certain object, but an abstract and vivid generalization of human happiness experience and existence value.
  Sticking to
  Human beings , for comfort and stability, set up various boundaries for themselves – laws, norms and taboos, but paid the price of losing freedom. After the rapid industrialization and specialization of society, Wang Jiandai has become more and more aware of the ubiquity of boundaries. Boundary is a necessary means to demarcate external things, so that human beings can go from naive to mature, from ignorance to civilization; at the same time, there is also a reverse process, that is, the shackles of human life itself. For Cosimo, the bondage on the ground has made him intolerable, so he constructed a legendary tree world. He learned everything about surviving in the trees: he hunted with the gun his brother gave him, and used the hides of hunted animals to keep out the cold; he learned to cook food in the trees; For drinking and bathing; exchanging their own hunting for fruits and vegetables with farmers. Cosimo made an effort to get rid of shackles in a personal way, established a world of his own, and created infinite possibilities for this world. In fact, the existence of the world on this tree means that everyone can actually transcend their existing life and enter another different world to pursue the integrity of their own life.
  In Cosimo’s long tree life, he was so close to the world, yet so far away. Cosimo’s younger brother used to think that his brother was hiding on top of a sycamore tree, next to the cold, looking out at the brightly lit windows, and when he saw the people in the room decorated with lights and dancing with wigs, his heart was filled. What kind of emotions did he feel? Did he miss their life together at least a little? Did he ever think that he was only one step away from returning to earthly life, is this step so close and so easy to cross? In fact, When Cosimo gave up on this world, we can still feel his deep sorrow. He stays on the plane tree and watches the lawn every day, as if he can realize from the grass what has been tormenting him in his heart for a long time: the longing for the distant place, the feeling of emptiness, and the expectation, these thoughts themselves can last forever, longer than life.
  In the story, there is also a Spanish family who also climbed the tree. They had to live on the tree because they were expelled by the king. When the exile was cancelled, the Spaniards happily went down the tree and returned to their homeland. Because times have changed, or reality has changed, or it forced people to make that choice in the first place; the situation has changed, and it makes sense to return. But Cosimo resisted the urge to return, that is to say, Cosimo’s tree-climbing behavior has changed from an active choice to a persistent persistence. Because the temptation of the earth is so close, you can even return to the ground accidentally, enjoy the happiness of the earth, and go further afield with a down-to-earth pleasure. Therefore, when Cosimo stood alone at the top of the tree and looked into the distance, he still insisted on sticking to his own boundaries, and fixed the land and the distance beyond his own boundaries, thus retaining his complete self and sealing up his righteousness. Yearning for another world. The constraints that human beings encounter are omnipresent, and when everyone wants to get rid of these constraints, perhaps only Cosimo can achieve it. He knows the limit of his life, he got rid of the bondage for himself, sticks to himself, and realizes the integrity of life. Maybe spending a few days in a tree is romantic, but living in a tree for a lifetime like Cosimo can only be a legend. Cosimo has created a life that creates infinite possibilities within limitations. He follows another logic, using limitations to interrogate the infinite, and strive to understand the infinite possibilities within the limitations.
  The development of science and technology and modern industry in the 20th century has greatly developed the material world of human beings, but at the same time it has also brought chaos, war and moral decline, making people deeply disappointed and disturbed. People become less trusting of others and gradually lose their beliefs. Many modern writers have made detailed descriptions of this living situation of alienation and loss of belief, and Calvino is one of them. “The Baron on the Tree” not only shows us a picture of the loneliness of modern people, but Calvino’s uniqueness is that the result of the loss of belief expressed by modern writers is mostly indifference and gray tone. It brings general anxiety and overwhelm; Calvino adds a touch of warmth to it: he allows Cosimo to construct a unique way of living, with sincere emotion to himself take refuge.
  When Cosimo used a harpoon to deliver oranges to his dying mother from the window, he was silently expressing his love for his mother and his longing for affection. This is the paradox of the work. Only when Cosimo is far away from the interpersonal emotional network on the ground can he convert to deep and pure feelings. His feelings and friendships are even more sincere and gentle than others. In other words, Cosimo’s renunciation of the earth is based on the love of life and life. As the characters inscribed on his tombstone at the end of the novel: “Cosimo Piovasco di Rondo – living in trees – always loving the earth – rising into the sky.” In the
  novel, ” “Living on the tree” and “living on the ground” are two opposite concepts. “Living on the tree” symbolizes self, freedom and pursuit, “living on the ground” symbolizes others, the world and mediocrity, and “on the tree” and The contradiction of the “ground” constitutes the general existential predicament of human beings. “The Baron on the Tree” tells people how to find a suitable way of life, how to find a balance between contradictions, and how to advance and retreat freely in the torrent of life. Of course, it is impossible for a real person to climb a tree and live like Cosimo, because his story can only be a legend; but like Cosimo, people have the same belief in life and the courage to pursue, which in themselves constitute the meaning of life.