How did medieval knights make money

  In the training process of the Cavaliers, do not teach how to make money. Geoffroy de Charny (July 1181 – August 19, 1186, Duke of Brittany) gave some advice in his book, but if you want to make money through war, you You’ll find that his advice doesn’t really work. For de Charny, the best knights should be able to take risks, withstand physical ordeals, and accomplish great things, but should not demand anything other than personal honor in return.
  De Charny didn’t understand that war was also a big business, but there were risks, the gains could be high or low, and you could end up trading at a loss. You can make a lot of money by collecting ransoms, and you can also make a decent amount of money by charging villages and towns for protection. A lot of money is waiting for you to earn, if you are smart enough, you can get rich, but not many people can get rich.
  You can exchange captured prisoners for ransom. This approach has several clear benefits. First, you can make a lot of money with it. Second, it makes no sense to kill the enemy because the live captives are exchanged for money, which makes the war a little less brutal. Before the Battle of Aure in 1364, the English commander considered whether the conflict should be settled by negotiation rather than fighting, but a group of knights and squires came to him and begged him to go to war. They say they are poor and want to make money by fighting.
  You also need to be careful, because sometimes the ransom can be difficult to get. You’d better avoid this, because if you’re caught, you can get killed; if you’re paid, you don’t get the money. After the Battle of Kortrijk in 1302, the Flemish people did not receive the ransom, so many French soldiers were executed at that time. At the Battle of Crecy, the kings of England and France both decreed that it was a “total war” and that no mercy should be given to the opponent. Neither king wanted the possibility of negotiating a surrender or paying a ransom to distract his men from the battle. In the end, the English won only a few captives for ransom in this major victory. You also have to be especially careful with the Swiss, because they don’t care much about money and don’t make it a rule to exchange captives for ransom. At the Battle of Sempach in 1386, the Swiss army directly killed the Austrian Duke and many of his knights.
  You need to be careful not to injure your opponent too badly in battle, as dead captives cannot be exchanged for money. There’s also the issue that the average soldier in your army might mess you up because they’re so fond of slaughtering knights.
  You may have heard of some extremely high ransoms, such as the agreed total ransom of 1 million francs after the Battle of Lonarch in 1362. But don’t dwell on these enticing numbers, but think about how much your captives can afford.
  In 1366, John Hawkwood captured a Siena commander and demanded a ransom of 10,000 francs, but had to accept a ransom of 500 francs; in 1358, after Renault le Vicomte was captured Promising to pay for two barrels of wine for the redemption, this kind of physical delivery actually went wrong – the wine was stolen, so Reynolds did not pay.
  Remember, if your captive is a very important person, it’s not up to you to decide how much ransom you want. At the Battle of Neville’s Cross in 1346, John of Coupland found the King of Scotland under a bridge and took him prisoner. John handed over the captives to the King of England to deal with himself. John was later rewarded: £500 a year for life. That was a tiny fraction of the total ransom of £66,666 (the average life expectancy back then was between 30 and 35), but it was a lot for John.
  If you are a knight of average status, you’d better not control a very important captive for a long time, and don’t negotiate a ransom with him personally, you should take the captive as soon as possible. After you sell your captive to someone else, you may not get as much money as the captive can pay, but at least you can make a fortune and save yourself a lot of trouble.
  At the Battle of Najura, Bertrand du Guekrain was captured by two knights. The pair sold their right to a ransom to the Black Prince for £3,000 each. In the end, the black prince got more than 100,000 Brah coins. The two knights may feel like they’re losing money, but in reality they don’t have the status of the Black Prince, so it’s impossible to negotiate such a big deal.
  If you do not resell the captives, you are likely to encounter many difficulties. At the Battle of Najura in 1367, two English squires captured the Earl of Denia, but they were not as sensible as the two knights who captured du Gueklain, and instead offered a huge ransom of more than 150,000bras. After the earl communicated with his son, he found that he could not scrape together so much money. For diplomatic reasons, the English government very much wanted to help the earl redeem himself, but the two attendants refused to budge and insisted on the money. As a result, the two servants were imprisoned in the Tower of London, after which they escaped and took refuge in the church. Soon the tower of London guards chased them and killed one of them.
  No matter how powerful a soldier is, you may become a prisoner, so you may also become a prisoner and need to pay money to redeem yourself. If your status is high enough, you may receive assistance from various sources. Du Guekrain was captured at the Battle of Aure in 1364, and later by the Black Prince’s army at the Battle of Najura. The money for his ransom was mostly paid by the French king and the pope.
  If you’re lucky, your minions might try to rescue you. Eustace de Aubercicourt was demanded a ransom of 22,000 livres after being captured by the French in 1359. But he was very fortunate that the army under his command had collected enough money for him. Although his wife is very rich, it is still impossible to collect this huge sum of money with daily income.
  The way the ransom is paid can get incredibly complicated. For example, after the Earl of Damartan was captured in 1356, he had to pay a ransom of 12,000 florins to the Earl of Salisbury. This ransom may not be comparable to some of the huge ransoms, but Count Damartan still can’t raise that much cash. So the two sides agreed to first transfer a piece of property belonging to another French nobleman to the name of the Earl of Salisbury, and then the Earl of Damartin would transfer his property in France to that French nobleman. They were later involved in complex litigation over the value of the lands, which were not resolved until 1370, long after the Counts of Damartan had been released.