Came into New York

  New York has a history of more than 300 years and is the largest city and largest commercial port in the United States. It is located at the mouth of the Hudson River in southeastern New York State, bordering the Atlantic Ocean. When the Dutch colonists bought Manhattan Island from the Indians in 1626, they paid the Indians only a few beautiful cloths, a few fake diamonds and a few other things, worth about $24. After the Dutch took ownership of Manhattan Island, they built their home here and took root, naming it “New Amsterdam”. In 1664, the British came here, defeated the Dutch colonists, acquired the territory of “New Amsterdam”, and made it a British colony. At that time, it happened to be the birthday of the Duke of York, the younger brother of King Charles II, so New Amsterdam was renamed New Yorkshire as a gift to the Duke of York, hence the name “New York” (New York). The new immigrants from the United Kingdom established a new system that was different from the British mainland. At the same time, due to the financial difficulties of the British government, they began to impose heavy taxes on the colonial people, which inspired the determination of the colonial people to become independent. In 1773, the “Boston Tea Incident” became the trigger for the War of Independence, and the colonial people waged the war with the slogan “Freedom or Death”. On July 4, 1776, Thomas and Jefferson convened the Continental Congress in Fairfield and issued the “Declaration of Independence”. New York also became the decisive battleground between the British and the American army. Because it could not resist the strong attack of the British army, New York became British again. In the hands of the army, the US military turned to France for help. On October 17, 1781, the American and French allied forces won the final victory, and New York returned to the arms of the American army.
  New York is a typical immigrant city. Generations of immigrants have settled and prospered in New York. If the United States is the “melting pot”, then New York is the bottom of the furnace. In New York, the collision and fusion of foreign cultural customs form a colorful multiculturalism: civilizations of various ethnic groups continue to sublimate through inheritance, absorption and innovation. People of different nationalities in New York have their own religious beliefs; on the streets, all kinds of clothing and fashion can be seen everywhere; people of all skin colors pass by, showing a harmonious atmosphere. Greek classical music, black jazz music, Indian Hushaotu language and other kinds of music are appreciated by both the refined and the popular. Indifference and indifference in interpersonal communication and the pursuit of new and different academic exchanges have become the main theme of New Yorkers’ life. Throughout the history of the United States, millions of immigrants came to the United States with dreams of gold rush and riches. When they entered New York, the first thing that caught people’s eyes was the Statue of Liberty, which was full of love, kindness, and deep, impartial eyes. Emma, ​​the biblical verse of Lazarus describes it this way: “Give me all you weary ones, your poor and down-to-earth ones, your huddled ones who long to breathe free air: give me those who are homeless. Those who can return and have weathered the storm are sent: at this golden gate, I will hold the torch high for you.” It is a gift from the French people to the United States to commemorate the 110th anniversary of American independence. A symbol of friendship between the two peoples.
  More than 100 years ago, French Republican La Polayet, a legal scholar and expert on American issues, was dissatisfied with the authoritarian rule of Napoleon III. In the United States at that time, after the Republicans headed by Lincoln won the Civil War, they took advantage of the victory of the Civil War to unify the United States for 24 consecutive years. Capitalism developed freely and stably, thus making the United States from a backward agricultural country. developed into a prosperous industrial nation. French Republicans represented by La Polaye yearned for American prosperity and freedom, and were determined to build a huge Statue of Liberty to express their ideals and pursuit of freedom. However, they also knew that the French king at the time would not have allowed such an incendiary monument, a strong symbol of liberty, to be built on French soil. So La Polaye and his friend Bartholdi (the sculptor) had a discussion. They believed that the Statue of Liberty should be erected in the United States to be safe, as a sincere gift from the French people to the United States. So Bartholdi personally went to the United States in 1871 to choose a place suitable for the construction of the Statue of Liberty Monument. He found New York Harbor to be the most suitable place. The huge Statue of Liberty, holding the torch high, strode through the gate of the “New World”. This was the image in his mind at the time. He began building the Statue of Liberty in 1875. In June 1884, the construction of the Statue of Liberty was completed and erected in Paris. Disassembled and shipped to New York City, USA in early 1885. On October 28, 1886, the inauguration ceremony of the Statue of Liberty Monument was held, and the inauguration was presided over by President Cleveland of the United States. That’s why we can see the Statue of Liberty in New York, and it has become a New York landmark.
  The Empire State Building is a famous skyscraper located in New York City, USA, with a total of 102 floors. In the 1930s, when the U.S. economy was in the Great Depression, people’s lives were more difficult, and Wall Street bosses were keen on the race to build skyscrapers. Millionaire Las Cobb is determined to build the world’s tallest building in order to show his wealth. He asked the famous architect William, Lahm, and asked how tall the building could be. Lahm pondered for a moment and replied, “1050 feet.” The completed Chrysler Building was 4 feet tall. So the architects managed to add a 200-foot-tall round tower, giving the Empire State Building a height of 1,250 feet. The skyscraper was built in just 410 days, and it can be regarded as a miracle in the history of architecture. For a long time, the Empire State Building was the tallest building in the world. It didn’t take fourth place until the completion of the World Trade Center in 1973 and the Sears Tower in Chicago in 1974. There are thousands of skyscrapers on the island of Manhattan, but the Empire State Building is the most eye-catching of the sprawling buildings you can see from dozens of kilometers away when driving in places like New Jersey or New York. The Empire State Building is located at 350 Fifth Avenue in Manhattan, sandwiched between 34th Street and 33rd Street. Architectural historian Willis said that today’s Empire State Building symbolizes American industrial and commercial culture on the one hand; forever landmark. The top floor of the Empire State Building has always been a favorite location for the literary and artistic circles. Since the building was completed, a total of more than 90 movies have chosen this location as the location, including classic movies such as “King Kong” and “Sleepless in Seattle”. The Empire State Building is not only a multifunctional office building, but also one of the most famous tourist attractions in New York City, where thousands of tourists line up every day to wait for the elevator to climb to the top. According to a recent report by the American Institute of Architects, New York’s Empire State Building topped the list of the 150 most beloved buildings in America, ahead of the White House, San Francisco’s Golden Gate Bridge, and the Capitol. In fact, the Empire State Building has always been one of America’s most popular attractions. Visitors can not only overlook the spectacular cityscape of Manhattan here, but more importantly, it has become the romantic place of life for tens of thousands of couples around the world.
  In addition to the Statue of Liberty and the Empire State Building, New York City’s iconic architectural styles also reflect multiculturalism, melting all cultures into one. St. John’s Church and Emma’s Temple have obvious ancient Greek and ancient Roman styles. The porches and columns of the museum show the majesty of the palaces of Asian emperors. Manhattan’s skyscrapers are deeply marked after imprint of industrial society. The Brooklyn Bridge completed in 1883 and the Penn Station completed in 1910 epitomize the practical value of New Yorkers. Under the reflection of this multiculturalism, the overall image of New York as an international metropolis is fully displayed.
  The city image of New York is well known to the public, so how is the image of New York displayed in literary works? Let us feel how the works of American writers Edith, Wharton, Ou and Henry describe New York.
  American female writer Edith Wharton (1862-1937) was born in the upper class of New York. Her real literary creation activity began in 1899. At the age of 37, she published her first collection of short stories, Noble Hobbies (1899). Published in 2009), and six years later published the novel “The Spring and Autumn of the Giants”, which greatly increased its reputation and officially entered the ranks of excellent American novelists.ranks. She used her ingenuity to record the vanity and ups and downs of the “Old New York” family. New York is the lifeblood of Edith’s literature, and she is also immersed in it and then detached, and has a more philosophical cultural examination of the spiritual home of New York. The life of brocade clothing and jade food, the superior living environment and the elegant cultural atmosphere made Edith deeply immersed in comfort, and spent her childhood, adolescence and early marriage life carefree. Everything is fine. Then, with the passage of time, the changes of the times caused by the American Civil War and the alternation of old and new values ​​in society began to appear, mainly reflected in the rapid disintegration and recombination of social class structure and economic structure. Such changes also occurred in New York. Edith was in it, and found that the old New York aristocracy’s morality, marriage and art also had imperfections, which made her feel alienated from the city; in her literary creation, she was not aware of the naked money relations in New York society, The four aspects of indifference to the world, the etiquette norms that bind people and the lack of culture are intensively criticized. The traditional customs, etiquette and their insights into art of the old New York aristocracy constitute an important part of the local culture. People need to dress, speak and behave appropriately, what time to go out after dinner for visitors, what time to arrive for the opera, what fabric and style to wear, men’s hairstyles and bow ties for different occasions, women from Paris There are certain rules that must be followed as to how long a tailor-made fashion should be worn, and every old New Yorker naturally fulfills these rules and enjoys it in this peaceful and leisurely class life. In her masterpiece “Old New York,” “New Year’s Day,” she describes in detail the customs of old New York festivals: “New Year’s Day is still very popular because there is a reasonable excuse to eat a lot, wander around and admire the scenery outside the window. Scenery. Dutch customs still prevail in New York’s upper classes. Yet on this day we hide behind thick glass and watch from there trotting hilarious gentlemen, their outer collars barely concealing the tie of their evening gowns, from the brown Shuttle to and fro through the door of the hotel, visiting relatives and friends. . Dressed in royal style, wearing white gloves, and rushing to the revelry from two o’clock. . Our elders, once they are calm, think the same as us. They sit behind us and look out the window over our heads, only to hear them smile a little straight with joy.” In addition, in Edith Wharton’s pen, New York is a purely commercial society. Mrs. Archer in “The Age of Innocence” once said that New York has always been a business society. Similarly, Edith also borrowed Mrs. Archer’s mouth to compare the old New York society to a small and slippery pyramid, and she wanted to be on top of it. It’s hard to get a foothold. There are only two or three families of true aristocratic blood at the top of the tower: “The Dagonet of Washington Square is of an authentic county family; With several noble families in England; and the Lanings with the Earl of De Grasse.”
  O. Henry, who was once hailed by critics as the Manhattan prose laureate writer and the father of modern American short stories, is familiar to all of us. His works are known as the “encyclopedia of American life”, and he is good at describing American society, especially the people of New York. life. Most of O’Henry’s protagonists live in the slums of New York, or are homeless people. They are hungry every day, and they are in the company of garbage, or they are treated as social garbage. However, garbage is the same thing that is inseparable from the city. Garbage is a by-product of civilization. As cities become more beautiful, they are also producing more garbage every day. Garbage is the decay and decay of a city after being over-exploited and consumed, and garbage has also become an important image in urban texts. Ou, Henry’s slums and low-grade hotels are the ruins of the city of New York, the embarrassment that New York desperately wants to get rid of but cannot solve in the short term. Some people don’t even have a place in the slums. The protagonist of “Police and Hymns”, Sobey, is a complete homeless man who settles on a bench in Madison Square when the weather is still warm, and starts adding newspapers to him as the weather keeps getting colder. If he can’t take it anymore, he will try to get to Blackwell Island, a winter resort in his mind – the location of New York’s famous prison and lunatic asylum, with the “help” of the police. And the whole story is also describing the process of how Subei “worked hard”. There are several short stories interspersed in it. He first hoped to eat a meal of the king and then be sent to the destination full, but it backfired. After that, he started smashing glass, molesting women, stealing umbrellas and continuing to provoke. However, after all the bad things he thought could send him to prison, the police still ignored him. When Subei was under the influence of the church and was about to reform, the police arrested him. In the end, he was jailed for three months on Blackwell Island, his ideal winter getaway. The novel’s unexpected ending and perfect structure make readers feel humorous, and a contradictory and reversed society is also presented to us. Inspired by the pipe organ, Subei changed his mind. He thought, “Tomorrow, I will go to the lively urban area to find a job. A fur importer once asked him to drive a car.” In fact, he has also improved his life. of hope. However, the ending of the story shows that New York is not something that these little people at the bottom of the society can change and control. In the eyes of people who have the same fate as Subei, New York is an uncontrollable world, and it is impossible for them to follow their own ideas. Arrange your life, even survive. They are all puppets on the big stage in New York. In addition, in Ou, Henry’s In the novel, there are also some people who live without a fixed place. Although they are homeless, they have dozens or hundreds of homes. They are temporary passers-by in some rented houses. Needless to say, in “The Last Ivy Leaf”, in “The Gift of the Maggie”, the Maggie family lives in “a furnished apartment with a rent of eight yuan a week”; Lara in “Devotion of Love” The Bi and his wife also rented an apartment and “started to organize a family”; in “Cut the Lamp”, Lu and Nancy came to work in a big city. These rented houses provide them with a temporary “home”, but this home is not warm. New York, in Ou, Henry’s pen, is “a ‘room’ in an ‘apartment’ in the magical world”. The dark little apartment and the stuffy little room bring people a boundless sense of loneliness, extremely boring, destroying all vitality, and even killing people. Oh, many of the protagonists in Henry’s novels are trying to find their place on the big stage of New York, but what they struggle with is deep despair. Through O’Henry’s novels, we can see that New York is a tragic stage for the vast majority of the lower classes.