Unveiling Happiness and Morality: A Guide Through Montaigne’s Lens

When people live in society, there are two aspects that we should pay attention to in our relationships with others: one aspect is to be yourself and not let your true self be lost in others and material things. This is the foundation of happiness; the other aspect is to be yourself A good person is kind to others and has a conscience. This is the foundation of morality. Now let’s talk about the latter aspect.

1. Virtue comes from good nature

Montaigne said that the moral character he likes is not created by law and religion, but by the perfection of human nature. Anyone with normal nature has this seed in his body and will grow without external coercion. Chief among these qualities is compassion. The Stoics believed that we should help the unfortunate, but we should not sympathize with them, because sympathy is a weak emotion and a bad virtue. Montaigne disagreed with this. He said that he was tolerant and compassionate by nature and could not be cruel. Sympathy was more suitable for his nature than respect.

Virtue comes from natural goodness, which flows from nature and has a pleasant human touch. Virtue is a quality that makes people happy and happy, without putting pressure on themselves and others. Montaigne hated the moral high pitch. Some people claimed that friendship, family affection, promises, and personal obligations could be ignored for the sake of the country and the public interest. Montaigne said that this kind of justice was unreasonable and unattainable. We should not pay attention to it, but should imitate the most popular people. Sexual behavior. People with a kind nature often trust the kindness of others. Regardless of whether the trust is right or not, this in itself is evidence of a kind nature.

2. Conscience cannot wear a mask

Regarding morality, another important point that Montaigne emphasized was that one must have a conscience. The so-called conscience is a kind of moral consciousness in people’s hearts. We must abide by the basic principles of life and must not violate them. If we violate them, we will lose our dignity as a human being. Montaigne did not give a definition of conscience. He emphasized that whether a person has a conscience will inevitably show it. Conscience cannot wear a mask. He set a standard for himself and suggested that everyone should follow suit, that is, dare to speak out whatever you dare to do. “Whoever has the obligation to tell everything also has the obligation not to do anything that must be concealed.” This standard actually embodies conscience. A clear conscience means not doing anything ulterior. For example, he said, if you are between two hostile parties, and both parties respect you, you must act based on your conscience, not just on caution. If you do something for one party that must be hidden from the other party, both parties will treat you as a villain and will use your infidelity to their own benefit in the future, but they did not wrong you.

Being a person with a conscience and an open heart will give you an unspeakable pleasure, and this is the reward. We must believe that “no matter what century we are in, simplicity and sincerity will always have a chance to be accepted by others.” A person who does good deeds just for self-satisfaction will not be troubled no matter how others denigrate the good deeds he has done. In this world, good people have something else to look forward to and bad people have something else to fear besides good luck and bad luck. Bad people can never enjoy the happiness of inner peace and contentment. Montaigne quoted an ancient Roman writer as saying: “No sinner is forgiven in self-sentence. This is the main punishment.”

3. What quality did Montaigne hate the most?

Montaigne was a tolerant man, but he spoke of certain qualities in a tone that was anything but tolerant. From his account, I have selected, in no particular order, what may be regarded as his most hated qualities. lie.

“Lying is a great disgrace, because lies are faced by God and hidden from the world. This proves that the liar is bold toward God and cowardly toward the world.

“Hypocrisy.” What I hate even more is the cunning hidden under a good look.

“Corruption.” Robbery and corruption have openly become the rule, which I find most intolerable. Robbing you in a public place is more insulting than robbing you in the woods. ”

Sin cloaked in legal garb. “When malice puts on the cloak of law and raises the hammer of morality when the judge does nothing, then the ugliest face of things is revealed.” “I have seen many decisions that are more sinful than sin.”

madness. Is stupidity a moral evil? I think yes, people can be stupid and become bad, and do the worst bad things. Montaigne attacked stupidity more than anything else. “Nothing makes me angry more than fools who are overjoyed without any reason.” People who understand reason are always trembling, but fools are always full of confidence. This has caused many misfortunes. “Stubbornness and extreme opinions are the most reliable proof of stupidity. What can be as determined, arrogant, thoughtful, solemn and serious as a donkey?” He also hated people who kept saying stupid things and said them so vigorously. , so smug that the world is full of stupid nonsense.

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