Beyond the Potsdam Declaration: Unveiling the Hidden Reasons for the Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima

   On August 6, 1945 (Showa 20), Hiroshima, Japan, suffered an atomic bombing by the United States. Regarding the question of why Japan had to encounter a nuclear attack by the United States, a familiar statement found in almost all history textbooks is: because Japan refused to accept the Potsdam Declaration, the United States decided to launch a nuclear attack on it, and the Soviet Union also declared war and sent troops (China northeast). For the United States, this is the so-called “best strategy to end the war as soon as possible and avoid a war on Japan’s mainland that will cause more bloodshed.” But this argument may not actually be tenable.
   Behind this outcome, there are at least the following four reasons. It was the intricate effect of these reasons that led to the United States’ use of nuclear weapons against Japan:
   First, the atomic bomb was developed from the beginning as a practical weapon that “must be thrown”. You must know that the development and manufacture of atomic bombs in the United States was stimulated by the development of nuclear weapons in Nazi Germany, which brought with it a strong sense of crisis. After Roosevelt’s death, Truman succeeded as president. He wrote in his memoirs: “The final decision on when and where to use the bomb (referring to the atomic bomb) rests with me, and this cannot be misplaced. I have always regarded the atomic bomb as a There was never any doubt that weapons should be used. The top military advisers who followed the President had persuaded me to use them. When I met with Churchill, he said to me without hesitation, ‘If it is beneficial to the end, In case of war, I support the use of atomic bombs.” It can be seen that since it is a weapon, its use is not negotiable – it is the will of the top decision-maker of the US war policy.
   Second, at least since May 1943, Japan has been set as the primary target of nuclear strikes, and the later it goes, the more specific it becomes.
   Third, contain Su. In his book “Atomic Bomb Diplomacy,” American historian Gal Alperowitz demonstrates how the United States used the atomic bomb as a weight to gain the initiative in its diplomacy with the Soviet Union. Truman succeeded as president on April 12, 1945. The biggest issue he faced was how to end the war and strive for dominance in the post-war landscape. The most pressing issue was dealing with the Potsdam Conference. Since at that time, the research and development of the atomic bomb had reached the final critical stage of nuclear testing, Truman tried his best to postpone the meeting schedule in the hope of getting a solid “atomic bomb card.” At the Potsdam Conference, the leaders of the United States and Britain shared information about the “birth of a child” (referring to the successful nuclear test) immediately, but it was not until a week later that Stalin was notified. Stalin did not appear surprised and said calmly: “Well… then it can be used in Japan.” Secretly, he stepped up the process of attacking Japan from “Manchukuo” and ordered Moscow to speed up the research and development of atomic bombs.
   Fourth, racial discrimination against Japan. This point, as a deep-seated reason, is rarely superficial, especially in the mainstream discourse system of post-war democracy. It has always been rarely mentioned, but it is a quite realistic factor. The brutal atrocities committed by the Japanese army during the war strengthened the West’s existing stereotype of “Japanese human nature is evil” towards Eastern society. Of course, discrimination has always been two-way: there is the “devil Anglo-American” style demonization of white people by the Japanese, and there is the insulting and derogatory name for the so-called “monkeys” by the Americans. Since they are non-human beings such as “beasts” and “monkeys”, using “new weapons” to annihilate them is the proper meaning of the title.
   Japan also basically adopted a realistic response to the tragedy of its “bombing”: accepting “fate” because “we should realize that before the question of which country used the atomic bomb first, a more important question is: no matter which country The state, as long as it makes it, will use it”. There are even many “atomic bomb supporters” in Japan.
   For this reason, although the Japanese government has expressed its protest against crimes against humanity caused by the use of weapons of mass destruction through third countries such as Switzerland, it has never made a direct protest against the US government. And this is still little known.

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