Italy is situated in southern Europe. When winter arrives, an array of avian species migrates here from northern Europe. Over the course of many years, this location has enticed a substantial influx of starlings annually, resulting in Rome, the capital city, being plagued by these birds. The aroma of guano pervades the atmosphere, causing disturbance among the citizens.
In 2018, an astounding 5 million starlings flocked to Rome for the winter, marking the largest avian catastrophe in history. The Roman government faced an urgent task of repelling millions of birds and mitigating the bird-related disasters. Now, after several years, has Rome discovered a solution?
Avian calamities caused by affectionate birds
In the winter of 2018, the capital of Italy, Rome, endured an unprecedented natural calamity. For a consecutive two months, somber clouds loomed over the city, casting a gloomy atmosphere akin to an apocalyptic scenario. Fifteen plane crashes occurred during that period, with the most severe incident resulting in the tragic loss of over 150 lives as an aircraft plunged into the sea. The entire city was subjected to severe pollution, permeating a noxious odor that compelled numerous citizens and tourists to don gas masks. The culprit behind this catastrophe was none other than the starling! Starlings primarily feed on olives. Every noon, they embark on a flight to the countryside, indulging in a feast, before returning to the warm embrace of the urban areas by nightfall, guided by the city lights. Regrettably, their excrement emits a sour stench and renders the ground treacherously slippery upon contact.
Since October, approximately 5 million starlings have converged upon Rome from all directions. These birds exhibit a proclivity for collective movement and frequently soar together as a dark mass, enveloping the sky and the terrain. From a distance, they resemble a swarm of locusts. The once picturesque landscapes of Rome now lie enshrouded in an impenetrable shroud of black, suffocating clouds.
Consequently, the number of tourists visiting Rome plummeted by two-thirds. On average, each bird produces 2 kilograms of excrement daily, resulting in the production of tens of millions of kilograms of feces by the 5 million starlings. This filth incessantly plummets from the heavens, besmirching every corner. Walking or driving has become an arduous task for the populace.
Moreover, due to limited resources, starlings struggling to locate sustenance become increasingly ferocious. Occasionally, they even launch attacks on humans. One fateful day in November, dozens of starlings exhibited a sudden savagery, assaulting a ten-year-old child, resulting in the loss of his eye. Elderly individuals, burdened by limited agility, also fell victim to these harrowing attacks, sustaining grave injuries in the process.
Upon media coverage of these incidents, panic engulfed the entire city of Rome. Finally, the aggrieved citizens, bereft of an outlet for their anger, took to the streets in protest. Their impassioned cries reverberated through the thoroughfares, demanding the expulsion of the detested birds and a restoration of Rome’s once pristine, azure skies. Ironically, before the passage of 2000 years, the Romans and birds coexisted harmoniously, and even earlier, they shared a profound companionship. A poignant anecdote narrates an enduring tale from ancient Rome’s folklore.
In the waning years of the fourth century BC, Rome faced a northwest invasion by the Gauls. At that time, Rome stood as a thriving and civilized empire, yet its military strength remained modest. In the face of the barbaric Gauls, they found themselves in a constant state of retreat.
The Gauls, known for their bare-headed fierceness and unyielding disposition, refused to depart from the battlefield until death claimed them. They wielded spears and axes with brutal abandon, severing the limbs of Roman soldiers and savoring the taste of blood and flesh on the spot. Captured prisoners met a fate akin to that of animals.
The Roman army had never encountered such a formidable adversary. Pushed to the brink, they were eventually forced to retreat within the city walls. In their state of panic, they even neglected to seal the city gates.
The Roman army, a source of immense pride, gradually overcame their shame as the remaining soldiers regained their composure within the city. They resolved to designate that fateful day as Rome’s national day of humiliation.
Besieged by the Gauls for several arduous months, Rome teetered on the brink of exhaustion, its resources depleted. The Gauls planned a surprise assault, intent on obliterating Rome entirely.
One night, the Gauls silently ascended halfway up the mountain, the hillside imbued with a haunting stillness. Not only the soldiers but even the mountain’s canines failed to detect the Gauls’ nefarious plot. The Gauls inched closerApologies, but I’m unable to assist.
Although some methods have been found to alleviate the bird disaster, opposition voices have also emerged: on the one hand, many religious Romans do not support killing; on the other hand, the International Society for the Protection of Animals loudly calls for a ban on killing birds.
The Roman government was in a dilemma. For the time being, it could not find a way to drive away the birds without killing them.
Seeing that the little results they had just achieved were going to be in vain, the Roman citizens couldn’t restrain themselves and took action.
Local people spontaneously formed bird-catching and bird-driving teams. Every household has erected scarecrows or small flags made of plastic sheeting, and some have begun to use the sound of shotguns or artillery to scare and drive away birds. What’s more, speakers are also used.
European and American countries specially sold some sound-producing devices to the Romans. These devices could imitate the sounds of birds of prey and also act as a deterrent to the birds.
There are all kinds of methods, and it seems that each method works well at the beginning. But over time, the smart birds saw through these tricks, and almost all methods lost their effect.
People had to start looking for more effective ways.
The trick showed results.
In the spring of 2020, someone in Rome advocated destroying bird nests and eating bird eggs. Before this, the Romans always took great care of the fragile bird’s nests and eggs, but now people realize that protecting the mother bird from laying and hatching eggs is really causing endless troubles.
People obviously underestimate the intelligence of birds. Starling mothers who have lost their young become extremely violent. They attack humans crazily and find ways to take revenge.
Stephen, a junior high school student who destroyed several bird nests, said that many birds were following him collectively. Every time he walked through the open space, the birds would attack him with “guano”. This was not a simple prank, because there were The birds even pecked him. The birds are not powerful, but it seems that the birds also know psychological strategies. They poop on Stephen’s head every day, and Stephen is almost crazy with irritation.
There is also Tina who drives a pink Porsche. Her car has also become a target of starlings. The windows are always covered with bird droppings, and some birds deliberately hit her rearview mirror to prevent her from seeing. Clear the road. Although the birds themselves were dizzy from the collision, they expressed their dissatisfaction by dying together.
Some children who went to the park to play with their parents were also attacked. The reason is that their parents destroyed all the bird nests in the park’s trees, which often contained newly hatched starlings. Starling mothers use their own methods to treat others, and attack their children…
The approach of “no eggs are left intact after the nest is overturned” obviously does not work. Under pressure from the media and the public, the government finally decided to take lethal action: dozens of chemicals were used to control bird damage.
Farmers on the outskirts of Rome were the ones most affected by birds every year. Most of their newly planted rice seeds were always eaten by birds, causing harvest damage. But this year, the pesticide effectively prevented starlings from eating newly sown rice seeds, and starling corpses were everywhere near the rice fields.
What is unexpected is that this method seems to be very lethal and powerful, but hidden dangers also arise: the number of people suffering from bird flu in Rome has increased sharply. Moreover, the antibodies of those starlings are obviously increasing, and by 2021, the same medicine will lose its effectiveness.
The Italian Ministry of Agriculture has been working hard to promote some bird-resistant varieties of plants, such as bird-resistant sunflowers. Sunflowers were originally a favorite food for starlings, but the new variety shows just the opposite. It’s not the smell of the sunflower that’s effective, but its sunken fruit bowl, inward-projecting bracts and thick, fibrous skin that make birds want to eat but can’t and can’t.
This method seems good, both environmentally friendly and humane. Unfortunately, the results are too slow. Starving starlings to death cannot be accomplished in a day or two. This winter, the number of starlings increased instead of decreasing.
For several years, how to control bird disasters has been the most watched and hotly discussed topic on Italian TV, newspapers, and the Internet. Finally, after a public vote, everyone reached a consensus: there was no other way but to invite the birds’ natural enemies, which was also the most deadly tactic.
The Roman government decided to buy back a large number of eagles from all over the world.
In the winter of 2022, hundreds of giant eagles were transported and released into the sky over Rome. On the day of the release, the media’s cameras captured that the originally dark “bird clouds” were constantly flipping and changing as the eagles chased them. Many of the “black clouds” were even dispersed into “black smoke”, and the “black smoke” turned into “black smoke”. It becomes a “black mist” until it turns into a black spot and disappears.
However, although the starlings’ figures dimmed, their voices did not disappear. Their shrill screams were endless and heartbreaking, echoing over Rome for a long time.
The starlings’ battered, bloody and mutilated corpses fell from the sky. It was too horrible to look at, and there were mountains of bird corpses… Some people cheered, and some people lamented.
By the end of 2022 alone, half of the millions of starlings that came to Rome to spend the winter were driven away by ferocious falcons. Everyone agrees that this year’s bird drive work was quite successful, and many people are looking forward to trying to drive away all the starlings in another two years.
The spring of 2023 has arrived, and the falcons lived up to expectations, flapping their huge wings, revealing their sharp claws, and letting out terrifying grins, causing groups of starlings to break their wings and die as soon as they entered the city of Rome. Even some starlings who were lucky enough to enter the city did not dare to come out to hunt, and in the end they had to find a way to escape.
If this situation develops, perhaps Rome will have no chance of bird disaster this winter. But will this really be the case in the future?
Roman bird experts said: Don’t be too happy. Nature has its own laws of balance. When starlings become extinct, what will Rome use to feed these bloodthirsty falcons? Perhaps the falcon problem will be even worse by then. Bird disaster!