The popularity of the Internet has encouraged herd mentality and following trends, resulting in a lack of critical thinking. One of the reasons behind it is the vulgar pragmatism that has become popular in recent years. For more than a hundred years, Western thinkers have been leading the way in our country for three to five years, but in fact we have not fully understood their thoughts. Even though Hegel and Kant have been in China for more than 120 years, we have not critically entered their thoughts. As a result, our superficial borrowing doctrine has not really brought in Western thought and wisdom, at best it has only brought in some dogmas.
Therefore, we must have the critical spirit of philosophy, the skeptical spirit of Descartes and Kant, and not regard anyone’s thoughts and truths as absolute truth.
The critical method of philosophy can be divided into two levels. One is not to be satisfied with the surface and first impression of things, but to analyze and discriminate carefully to see if it contains fundamental problems, especially to check whether its presuppositions are problematic. . For example, we often say “conquer nature and transform nature”, but the premise that it does not say is that nature is lifeless and completely passive; in the relationship between man and nature, man is absolutely active and nature is absolutely passive. But Engels said, “Those who ignore the laws of nature must be punished by nature.” He argues that nature can actually act as a subject, inflicting vengeance on humans. The harm we do to it, it will even repay ten times and a hundred times.
Another example is that ordinary people think that everyone’s feelings are private, we can always express it in words, and only we understand it. But the great philosopher Wittgenstein believed that our feelings are private, but the language to express them must be public. Influenced by Western individualism and subjectivism in modern times, it is generally believed that people can live in the world without having relationships with others. Wittgenstein tells us that people cannot do without the surrounding society in the most fundamental way, and the public nature of language determines this nature: individuals can become a complete self only when they are in society.
The second is holistic thinking. Put all the problems further into a larger perspective to examine. For example, today’s environmental pollution is very serious, and everyone is thinking about the countermeasures against smog: 5 years or 30 years? Although a philosopher cannot propose a specific operation plan, he will not regard the environmental problem as a technical problem only. , and human values and so on to think about. It is impossible for human beings to consciously protect the environment because the issue of righteousness and benefit is not clearly discerned.
It can be seen that the criticism of philosophy is very important to human beings. It can enable us to avoid being blindfolded, knowing what is happening without knowing why, dogmatic one-sidedness, short-sightedness, and self-righteousness, and always maintain a clear sense of reflection and an overall perspective.