Life

Jules Verne: The Life, Loves and Creative Genius of the Father of Science Fiction

  On December 29, 14 days after Cameron’s “Avatar: Way of Water” was released, the global box office has reached 1 billion US dollars. The reason why Cameron has a special liking for the ocean is that he was influenced by “Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea”. This work, together with “Captain Grant’s Daughter” and “The Mysterious Island”, is also known as the “Verne Trilogy”.
  Jules Verne was a great French science fiction writer in the 19th century, a famous novelist and poet, and a winner of the Hugo Award. There are more than 4,751 translations of his works, and his novels have been shot into various types of movies, such as “Around the World in 80 Days” and “From the Earth to the Moon”!
  His works transcended the times and deeply influenced the genre of science fiction literature. He is the well-deserved “Father of Science Fiction”! Liu Cixin, the author of “The Three-Body Problem”, also regards Verne as his sci-fi enlightener! However, what is little known is that what Verne is best at is not only “hard science fiction” and “scientific prophecy”, even in the face of love, he is very different from ordinary people. True love, throughout his life, never regrets.    On February 8, 1828, Jules Verne was born in Nantes, a port city in southern France
  .
His father was a city government lawyer, and his mother came from a well-known local navigator and ship owner’s family. He also has a younger brother and three younger sisters. As the eldest of the family, he was placed with great expectations by his parents, especially his father, who hoped that he would inherit his mantle and become a respected lawyer when he grew up.
   However, Verne never liked the profession of being a lawyer, which seemed a bit boring to him. What he liked was adventure! Of course, at that time, he didn’t know what adventure was, but sometimes he fantasized that one day he would be able to fly into the sky.
   What he liked to do at that time was to go to a machine factory near his father’s holiday villa and watch how the machines worked for hours.
   Verne started school at the age of 6, taught by the widow of a captain who had disappeared for more than 30 years. The teacher did not remarry, but always believed that her husband would come back one day. She often told her students that her husband, like Robinson Crusoe, was a drifter who had suffered a shipwreck. She believed that one day, he would return to her side from the deserted island, and she had been looking forward to that day.
   Every time the teacher told this story, he was full of affection. The yearning for the ocean profoundly shaped the world view of the young Verne.
   At the age of 11, Verne finally secretly planned an ocean voyage plan. One early morning in the summer of 1839, just after 6 o’clock, Verne slipped out of the house quietly. As he walked through the still sleepy village, his mind was full of excitement to conceive of his great plan.
   Just a few days ago, he used his savings to exchange an employment contract for an apprentice sailor with a young man he just met. This contract is about to open the door for him to embark on an adventure on the Coralia, where an unknown and wonderful new world is waiting for him.
   For this adventurous opportunity, he sneaked out without telling his family, and boarded the Coralia just as it was about to depart. This is entirely a child’s adventure, and it is entirely derived from the extreme desire for adventure and sailing in Verne’s young heart. At the same time, he also wanted to bring back a string of coral necklaces to his cousin Caroline, and travel around the world by the way. The adventurousness and innocence of the teenager also hint at the inadvertent budding of his feelings for his cousin.
   However, his childhood dream of becoming a sailor was quickly cut in the bud. His lawyer father, relying on his excellent reasoning ability, discovered his son’s intentions in time after his son disappeared, and immediately boarded a ship, and recovered him at the next port where the Coralia was still immersed in the sailor’s dream. son.
   Verne, who was captured, was severely criticized, and he had to promise with tears that he would only lie in bed and do “fantasy trips” in the future. In fact, his favorite thing to do afterwards was to “adventure” on the Loire near his home in a small boat that often leaked with his cousin Paul.
   Because, not only can you explore there, but you can also meet Caroline. Although his wish to bring back the coral necklace to Caroline was not fulfilled, his fascination with Caroline continued unabated.
   In a blink of an eye, Verne was 18 years old, and he looked even more handsome, tall and burly! And Caroline also appeared graceful and charming. Verne felt that they were a match made in heaven.
   However, Caroline, like many girls with small vanity, also enjoys the feeling of being pursued and pursued by different men. So in her opinion, Verne is not a serious marriage partner, he is still young and cannot meet her expectations.
   Therefore, she almost gamely rejected Verne’s courtship. Verne was not discouraged, he felt that one should have an adventurous spirit in the pursuit of love, and one day, he would be able to do it with sincerity, and gold and stone would be the same.
   However, Verne did not wait for the day when Caroline would be married, but waited for the news that she married someone else. On that sunny noon, Verne’s beloved cousin Caroline actually married someone else. What bothered Verne was that her groom was nearly two rounds older than her and was already 40 years old.
   Verne was disheartened, and a few days later he was ready to go, but the adventurous spirit in his heart was not weakened at all. If love is one adventure after another, then the love that belongs to him must be waiting for him not far away.
  This, he firmly believes.
  Love at first sight, infatuated love is a river of spring water
   . After falling out of love, his father sent Verne to Paris to study law. Arriving in the romantic and literary French capital, Verne, with his father’s ardent expectations, worked hard to study for a law degree, preparing to become a lawyer in the future.
   However, the literary atmosphere of Paris quickly infected Verne, who was full of imagination and poetic charm. On the surface, he was coping with his father’s academic requirements, but in fact he had decided to change his career to become a playwright.
   Because in Paris, Verne encountered a strange encounter, met Alexandre Dumas by chance. Once, Verne left early from a party in Paris. When he was going downstairs, he slid down the banister on a whim, and accidentally bumped into a fat man. Verne immediately apologized, and because he felt very embarrassed, he asked casually: “Have you eaten?” The man said: “I just ate    Nantes
   scrambled eggs.”
Na smiled suddenly: “There is no authentic Nantes scrambled eggs in Paris, because I am from Nantes, and this is my specialty!” When the fat man heard this, he immediately beamed with joy and
   invited Verne went to his home to cook Nantes scrambled eggs once. Only then did Verne know that this man was the famous Alexandre Dumas.
   Under the introduction of Alexandre Dumas, Verne finally had the honor to enter the literary salon in Paris. At that time, it was equivalent to receiving a ticket to the palace of literary giants.
   Influenced by Alexandre Dumas, Verne made rapid progress in creation. Soon, his play “The Broken Straw” was staged for the first time, which marked that Verne was ready to officially abandon his father’s expectations and devote himself to the embrace of literature.

   However, Verne’s living expenses in Paris still needed to be provided by his father, so he asked his father for living expenses by writing poems, and his father also replied in the form of poems: “Your poems are admirable, if I don’t spend six Ten francs, the poetry will be even more beautiful!”
   Verne knew that his father was insinuating. But Verne’s literary dream was very firm. When he entered the University of Rennes to study for a bachelor’s degree, he carefully studied the works of the French master Victoria Hugo and benefited a lot from it.
   However, his stubborn father never wavered in his mind and often beat him. However, Verne has already learned to get along with his father. While studying law, he is secretly creating his own creation. Although it is a bit risky, what does it matter?
   In 1849, Verne met the popular French writer Alexandre Dumas. With his help, Verne revised his own script, and finally successfully released it in the theater, which attracted the attention of more literary figures, especially Pierre, the editor-in-chief of the “South African Family Museum” magazine. Your appreciation.
   The two hit it off immediately, and Verne quickly provided Pierre with the first published novel in his life-“The First Ship of the Mexican Navy”.
   Although the style of this novel imitates the writer James Finnimore Cooper, it still touches Pierre, makes him shine, and further affirms Verne’s talent. Soon, Verne’s second novel “Balloon Journey” was published in the same year. This novel was a turning point for Verne, because in this novel, the later brilliant “Verne-style” adventure story , which is first seen here.
   However, just as Verne’s career was starting to take off, family pressure hit him again. The lawyer father, who realized that his son was against his will, wrote a letter to put pressure on Verne, trying to force him to give up writing and concentrate on studying law.
   The stubborn father even offered Verne a legal internship in Nantes, but Verne categorically rejected his father’s arrangement.
   Verne felt that he was no longer a child, so he decided to go back to Nantes and have a long talk with his father.
   Back in Nantes, his childhood friends heard that he was back and invited him to a masquerade ball. At the ball, Verne was suddenly attracted by a girl wearing a mask. The girl had the same fiery figure as Caroline, and her flowing long hair danced lightly under the neon lights, as if she was admiring Verne. Na waved frequently.
   At that moment, Verne felt in love again. Although he hadn’t seen the girl’s face clearly, he was sure that this girl was the one he had been looking for and waiting for. The girl was Laurence Jean-Marre, the daughter of a manor in Nantes. Verne wrote more than 30 love letters for her. Although Laurence had a good impression of her, he still said worriedly: “I am one year older than you, do you mind?”
   Verne laughed: “Age is not a problem.” , as long as we like it.”
   Laurence lowered her head shyly, but she agreed, but her father firmly opposed it. The father believed that Verne actually met his daughter at a ball, and his career was not very profitable. If he agreed to their relationship, wouldn’t he push his daughter into the fire pit?
   Although Verne argued hard, Laurence was a conservative and filial daughter, and she was unable to disobey her father’s wishes in the end. Verne once again missed a relationship he was optimistic about.
  A river of spring water is surging and flowing towards the distance, but Jules Verne goes up the river of time, looking for the source of warmth alone.
  In front of the widow’s door, infatuation is a landscape
   . Two broken loves made Verne heartbroken. He wrote a letter to his mother in a half-drunk state, sharing his heartbreaking feelings with a loving mother.
   After that, he put all his energy into creation, and he can always convey some kind of charming emotion from plain words.
   However, not all of his works are favored by editors. Although not all articles can be published, Verne can’t take care of so many. He thinks that writing itself is joyful, and writing itself is an adventure. In the spiritual world, what’s wrong with an impact on the cliff?
   At the age of 28, Verne went to a friend’s wedding and acted as best man for him. At the wedding, Verne met the bride’s sister, Honorina Deviane. This is a 26-year-old widow with two children. Nevertheless, she is intellectual and generous, which deeply attracted Verne’s attention.
   After the friend knew about it, he quickly advised Verne: “Don’t be stupid, how can you marry a widow?” Verne laughed: “Love is an adventure. She is a widow and she has children. I don’t care. What I care about is that I like her, and she likes me.”
   The friend was speechless for a moment, and no one would have thought that in this love that everyone was not optimistic about, Verne would soon be with Honorie. Na stepped into the palace of marriage.
   In order to avoid repeating the mistakes of the previous two times in love, Verne immediately made a decision to find a decent job. He knows very well that he must never let the secular world tie his hands and feet and limit his chances of pursuing love.
   The father was skeptical about their marriage at first, but in the end he couldn’t resist his son’s request and finally agreed to their marriage. On January 10, 1857, the two were married.
   After getting married, Verne took on the responsibilities of her husband. In order to improve the economic situation, he worked as a stock trader, but at the same time he did not give up writing scripts, and continued to try to write novels.
   No one would have thought that it was his wife who didn’t understand creation that brought him a turning point.
   At that time, Verne wrote a novel called “Air Travel”, but it was submitted to 16 publishing houses, but no one was willing to publish it. In a fit of anger, he threw the manuscript of the novel into the stove, but his wife Honorina quickly snatched the manuscript out and encouraged him to go to the 17th publishing house.
   Verne looked at Honorina. Although he knew that everything was futile, but seeing his wife’s sincere eyes, he silently threw the manuscript out again.
   As a result, this submission made this novel recognized by Herzl, who changed the title and published it, and immediately received a lot of praise from readers. This novel is now very famous “Five Weeks on a Balloon” .
   Herzl’s influence on Verne’s early creation was very direct, and Verne was also very happy to find that he had found a publisher that matched his three views. Verne basically accepted the opinions put forward by Herzl. For example, Hezel said that the ending of the protagonist is not good and the protagonist should not die, but Verne changed the ending to a new one, so that the protagonist survived in the end.
   Since then, Verne has kept publishing more than two works every year, which is considered to be very productive among writers. But high productivity actually means that he has never relaxed his demands on himself, and he has never slacked off on the writing career he believes in.
   With the improvement of economic conditions, Verne successively upgraded three small boats of his own, and took his wife Honorina to travel across Europe and Asia, which can be regarded as the realization of his childhood dream. Jules Verne, who had determined to sail around the world since he was a child, seized every opportunity to travel, and what he saw and heard during the trip also accumulated a lot of inspiration for his creation.

   In 1866, Verne completed “Captain Grant’s Sons and Daughters” during his sojourn at Chantenay, and began to prepare for the creation of “Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea”. In this novel, the protagonist and his loyal servant set foot on a warship to pursue a sea monster, but they accidentally fall into the sea and are rescued by the monster. The so-called monster is actually the submarine “Nautilus”, so the protagonist and his party follow Captain Nemo on an underwater adventure.
   In 1869, this novel was serialized in the French “Education and Entertainment Magazine”, and the work produced a sensation as soon as it came out. On the surface, this is a science fiction novel, but in fact it is an adventure novel, because the adventure and fate of the “Nautilus” became the focus of people’s discussions after dinner, so that reporters in New York and London at that time had to send telegrams every day. The latest published content of the novel.
   One day, a potbellied businessman approached Verne and presented a check for $2 million. At the time, $2 million was definitely a lot of money.
  Verne asked him what this meant, and he said with a smile on his face: “Actually, it’s nothing, I just hope you can write our company’s ship into the novel, and finally sail across the Atlantic with the ‘Nautilus’ and return to London. As long as you do this, the 2 million dollars will be yours.” Verne was really moved when he heard this, because with this money, he will have no worries in his future life, and he can devote all his energy to the creation of novels middle. However, after Honorina found out, she refused without hesitation.
   “Inserting advertisements” in a work is a taboo in writing. Perhaps without Honorina’s decisiveness, there would be no classic “Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea”.
   If it is said that there must be a good woman behind a successful man, then this woman must be Honorina.
   During that time, Verne was full of ideas, and he recorded all his inspirations, and gradually completed the first draft of the book “Around the World in 80 Days”. The book has a total of 37 chapters. It was originally serialized in the French “Times” magazine from November to December 1872, and was published as a collection in the second year. Not only does the book contain a large number of storylines about China, but it is also the first Jules Verne novel to be translated and introduced to China.
   With the help of Honorina, Verne took tens of thousands of notes during his writing career of more than 40 years, and was called the veritable “king of adventure”. The number of his published works is astonishing, creating a total of 66 novels and several collections of short stories, as well as several plays, a six-volume “Great Traveler and Great History of Travel”, and a volume of “French Geography “.
   On March 24, 1905, Verne died of diabetes at his home in Amiens, northern France, at the age of 77. When he died, the whole world was saddened.
   Jules Verne is a great science fiction writer! To commemorate him, a large automatic cargo spacecraft developed by the European Space Agency (ESA), also known as the “Automatic Transfer Vehicle” (ATV), is named after him!
   The direct purpose of this spacecraft is to deliver oxygen, water, food and various supplies to the International Space Station. It is similar in use to the Russian “Progress” cargo spacecraft, but the load capacity of the European ATV spacecraft is about that of the “Progress”. Three times, thus supplementing the important material transportation force for the International Space Station outside the United States and Russia! On April 3, 2008, the spacecraft “Jules Verne” successfully docked with the International Space Station.
   Therefore, whether it is in “Mysterious Island” or “Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea”; whether it is “Around the World in 80 Days” or a “Journey to the Center of the Earth”, in the end Jules Verne has completed his work. “Strange Journey”. And life is like an adversary journey, adventure is the background of life!

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