Bosnia and Herzegovina is located in the west of the Balkan Peninsula, covering an area of 51,200 square kilometers. There are many mountains and rivers in the territory. Bosnia in the southwest has a typical Mediterranean climate, while Herzegovina in the northeast has a mild continental climate. When visiting here, Mostar is a city that must be visited. However, around Mostar, there are still many hidden destinations that are easily overlooked.
The karst landform in southeast Europe originated in Slovenia and extends all the way to Montenegro and Albania through Bosnia and Herzegovina. Most of Bosnia and Herzegovina are in the karst landform belt. Therefore, from Sarajevo to Mostar, there is a very typical karst landscape along the way. The karst landform brings beautiful natural mountains and rivers, but it is not a natural condition suitable for agricultural development. But today, it has become an extremely unique tourist resource.
Kravica Waterfall is a place where people relax in summer; the ancient Roman ruins of Mogoyello tell the story of the past to the world; the wine that has been passed down for two thousand years still exists today. The strong medieval atmosphere is not in Mostar as people think, but in the ancient town of Pochetti. The Old Bridge, which makes Mostar famous in the world, is not only the symbol of Bosnia and Herzegovina, but also the spiritual pillar of Mostar people.
Kravica Waterfalls, Megoyello Ruins, and Wines of the Balkans
Klavica Waterfall, located in the west of Mostar, is a tuff waterfall in the karst zone of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is about 25 meters high and is one of the most spectacular waterfalls in Bosnia and Herzegovina. This is the way to travel from Dubrovnik, Croatia to Mostar. There is a lake at the bottom of this waterfall with a diameter of about 240 meters. Because the karst water system is rich in minerals, the color of the lake is green and clear. In summer, people can swim and play in the lake to enjoy the coolness. After playing in the water, barbecue and mellow beer have already been prepared on the shore. It is very comfortable to sip the wine and sip the meat.
Departing from Kravica Waterfall, we will come to the Roman ruins of Megoyello. This is the most important historical site in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was built in the 1st century and has a history of more than 2,000 years. It was a private estate until a fire destroyed it in the 3rd century. Later, people rebuilt it, including a farm, brewery, barn, blacksmith shop and bakery workshop. Archaeologists believe that it once served the ancient Roman town of Narona (now located in the Neretva River Basin in Croatia), providing daily necessities for the residents of the town. At the beginning of the 5th century, Mogoyello was destroyed by war and was never rebuilt, only the ruins survived.
The most interesting part of the site is undoubtedly the winemaking workshop, the history of wine making in the Balkans is very old. People living here have already started making wine more than two thousand years ago. The ruins of Mogoyello provide proof. Archaeological discoveries show that there are a large number of places and traces of wine making inside the site. There is a stone carved with grapes and vines in the ruins. This location is undoubtedly the identity of the winery. There is a round hole in the middle of the two huge stone piles, which are used to fix the huge wooden stake for pressing grapes. The length of this wooden stake is at least 4 meters, and the diameter of the stone mortar for holding grapes is close to 1 meter. It is considered a large-scale wine-making workshop. .
People found that most of the huge clay pots used to ferment wine were buried underground. This is because the process of fermenting grape juice into wine requires controlled oxygen. If too much oxygen enters, the grapes will rot instead of turning into glycol. of wine. However, the clay pots used to store grapes are full of pores and cannot strictly control the amount of oxygen entering. Winemakers buried the pots deep in the ground to reduce oxygen entry and achieve controllable fermentation results, thereby brewing delicious wine. .
In recent years, the most expensive red wine in the world usually comes from France, Italy, Australia and other countries. Nowadays, Georgian and Chilean red wines have also entered people’s attention because of their high cost performance. However, the red wine produced in the Balkans is not inferior to the famous manor red wine in France, Italy and other countries. If you have the opportunity to go to the Balkans, don’t miss the opportunity to taste the local red wine.
The ancient city of Pochetti, the Braga Itkia post station does not lose the medieval style of Mostar
Not far from Mostar, there is another complete medieval city – Pochetti. This ancient city is also translated as Pochterje, but Pochetti’s translation is the most in line with the pronunciation of the locals.
Regarding the ancient city of Pochetti, the earliest records can be traced back to 1444 AD. If you want to ask what is the most famous and most worth visiting building here, and where is the most worth visiting? It may be difficult to get a standard answer, because the entire ancient city of Pochetti is a huge open-air history museum. It fully preserves the remains of the Middle Ages and the Ottoman period, and continues today’s civilization.
The ancient city of Pochetti is built on the hills, guarding against natural dangers, and is very close to the Adriatic Sea. In 1463 AD, the rulers of Bosnia and Herzegovina upgraded it to a fortified city until it fell to the Ottoman army in 1471 AD. Defensive towers, mosques, post houses, hotels, clock towers, Turkish baths and other structures were built here.
After the Austro-Hungarian Empire took over Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1878, Pochetti lost its original strategic significance, and a large number of people were lost to nearby towns. It was a blessing in disguise, and the entire town was able to maintain the original state of the Ottoman Empire. Although the ancient town was damaged during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, it was well restored after the war. It is the best preserved ancient town of the Ottoman Empire in Bosnia and Herzegovina today. There are very few residents living in the town, mainly elderly people, including members of the Dizdal family, the first generation of residents of the town who lived here 500 years ago.