The History of Gun Trafficking in Mexico

  ”Poor Mexico, you are too far from God and too close to the United States.” If someone asks where is the place in the world with the highest frequency of homicides due to the proliferation of guns, the answer may be in northern Mexico, which is separated from Texas in the United States border.
  In fact, the problem of the inflow of illegal weapons has existed since the beginning of the Mexican War of Independence. It can be said that the blood of violence has been flowing in Mexico since the birth of the country.
  Mexico is the only land route from Central American countries to the United States. A large number of gangster groups engaged in drug trafficking and human trafficking have formed large and small strongholds here, making the northern part of the country the most feared security gang point. Where human trafficking and drug trafficking are rampant, they are often accompanied by the prevalence of illegal armed forces. Unfortunately for the Mexicans, their northern neighbor has been dubbed “the arsenal of the world.”
  There is only one store in Mexico City that can legally buy guns throughout Mexico and is authorized by the military. The large number of weapons behind the frequent shootings and gun battles across the country cannot naturally come from the supply of one store. The illegal trafficking of guns has become an important source of weapons for gang crimes in this country. The Mexican War of Independence, which broke out in 1810 and ended in 1821, led to the emergence of a large number of civilian armed groups. Due to the low productivity of Mexico itself and the lack of local production capacity of guns and ammunition, buying guns and ammunition from abroad has become an important means of maintaining the armed forces of the Mexican independence movement. At first, they could only buy second-hand guns left over from the Napoleonic Wars. However, some arms manufacturers in developed industrial countries quickly found business opportunities in this newly established country.
  Arms dealers in established capitalist countries usually cooperate with banks to lend loans to organizations and new countries that are considered to be able to recruit and win over, and then let them use the loans to purchase weapons from these countries.
  The newly established Mexican Republic is an agricultural country with a vast territory but backward productivity. In 1825, in order to maintain the integrity of the country, the central government of Mexico began to borrow from a bank in London, England to purchase weapons, and thus incurred heavy debts. At that time, the bank loans that Mexico had to repay accounted for 2/3 of the country’s customs revenue in a year. In less than three years, the Mexican government declared bankruptcy.
  Weak central government coupled with mixed ethnic relations – rebellious native Indians, adventurous businessmen from the United States, and small military leaders left over from the colonial period, chaos abounded in Mexico, and 53 small tribes emerged in the territory. In the imperial court, a large-scale civil war broke out in the 20 years after independence.
  In the armed conflict between liberals and conservatives known to history as the “Three Years War”, American arms dealers found a rare opportunity to kick out old European competitors. Liberal President Juárez, who is in exile in the United States, sought military and financial support everywhere, and finally found a bunch of donors with rising financial resources. In 1868, the reformed liberal government captured the capital, Mexico City, and executed the Mexican Emperor Maximilian, who was supported by France and Austria at the time. Since then, the Mexican central government dominated by liberals has opened the door for the American plutocrats to drive straight into Mexico.
  These American giants are well aware that with the financial resources of the Mexican central government and the “performance” of multiple bankruptcy declarations, direct borrowing is tantamount to a waste of money. However, financially creating a situation in which the Mexican central government is dependent on U.S. capital is also conducive to U.S. capital directly controlling the economic lifeline of Mexico, that is, these consortiums have obtained rich mineral development rights and charter certificates for building railways from Mexico.
  So far, arms dealers in the southern United States have tasted the sweetness of making money from political disputes in Mexico. The network of arms supply and demand between the United States and Mexico began to take root, and violence grew on Mexican soil.
  Turning into the 20th century, Mexico was once again plunged into civil war in 1910. Those Indian tribes that had been oppressed for a long time, in order to resist the American-funded mines and large-scale farms built on their own territory, took up arms to resist. But whether it’s the government army, bandits, mine mercenaries supported by big American capital, or the Indian rebels who rose up, they basically use American equipment. Those Mexican women’s rebels, who have become a symbol of the Mexican peasant uprising today, left behind various photos with live ammunition. In fact, those ammunition were also equipment bought from Texas.
  A Texas businessman said proudly that he sold 1,000 kilometers of barbed wire mesh to a Mexican farm invested by the Americans, but turned around and sold out the steel wire scissors in stock to the rebel army.
  On the one hand, there is the legal trade of firearms, on the other hand, there is no ability to control them. In recent years, the United States and Mexico have fallen into a vicious circle of mutual accusations. The mayor of the border city of Juárez once cast the confiscated smuggled firearms into a huge metal ring, and then sent it to the local US consulate. The United States has always believed that the weakness and corruption of the Mexican government have led to the rampant gangs in the country.

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