The U.S. Supreme Court ordered on the 21st local time to block a temporary restraining order imposed by a Texas court against the oral abortion drug mifepristone, temporarily retaining the right to use the abortion drug. On the 7th of this month, Matthew Kasmarik, a conservative judge of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas, requested a re-approval on the grounds that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) did not fully assess the safety risks of mifepristone, and ordered Mifepristone was withdrawn from the market. Regarding the latest judgment of the U.S. Supreme Court, many U.S. media reports believe that this is an “amazing victory” for President Biden and those who support abortion rights, and mentioned that the latter suffered a disastrous defeat in the U.S. Supreme Court last year. The Roe v. Wade case was overturned. Since then, anti-abortion activists and Republican officials in the United States have further restricted abortion, while Democratic states have stepped up efforts to strengthen abortion rights. The rift in American society over the issue of abortion is growing. According to a previous report by the US “New York Times”, half of the pregnancies in the country are unintended pregnancies, and 30% of adolescent women are pregnant before the age of 19; when they reach the age of 45, nearly 1/4 of the women in the United States have had abortion experience; 1/5 of women have been raped in their lifetime. Many American women believe that banning abortion means depriving women of their right to choose.
The U.S. Supreme Court ordered to block a Texas court’s temporary restraining order on the oral abortion drug mifepristone on the 21st. The picture shows media reporters reporting outside the Supreme Court Source: Visual China
twists and turns
According to the US “Washington Post” report on the 22nd, in recent decades, mifepristone has been widely used in the United States as an abortion drug, and it is often used in combination with misoprostol. Up to 97%. Due to its relatively low price and few side effects, mifepristone has been one of the most widely used abortion methods in the United States since its launch. Since Roe v. Wade was overturned last year, mifepristone has become a bone of contention between abortion supporters and opponents, Consumer News and Business Channel reported.
In November last year, anti-abortion conservative groups led by the League Defending Freedom (ADF) said in a complaint that the FDA exceeded its regulatory authority and ignored the “safety hazard” of mifepristone. On the 7th of this month, Kasmarik supported the plaintiff’s claim and announced a temporary injunction against mifepristone. The sentence was suspended for a week to allow federal authorities to challenge it. Axios News Network in the United States stated that the relevant ban will directly lead to the fact that states with legal abortion cannot obtain this drug through normal channels.
The “Guardian” stated that this move by the district court has shocked all walks of life in the United States. The Biden administration and many large pharmaceutical companies have accused that such a judgment may lead to “regulatory chaos” in the US government’s drug approval work. Biden criticized at the time: “If (Kasmalik’s) verdict stands, it means that no prescription drug approved by the FDA can be immune to political and ideological attacks.”
Subsequently, the Biden administration filed a lawsuit with the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit. Although the court rejected the temporary injunction issued by Kasmarik, it did not fully support the federal government’s appeal. It also added a number of restrictions to the use of mifepristone-such as reducing the time limit for medication from the current 10 weeks. to 7 weeks, while mail-order drugs are prohibited.
“Attacks motivated by political motives”
In desperation, the U.S. Department of Justice and the mifepristone manufacturer took the lawsuit all the way to the Supreme Court, asking the latter to overturn the lower court’s ruling. On the 21st of this month, the Supreme Court announced that the circulation of mifepristone drugs should be allowed to remain the same. For this ruling, the Supreme Court did not explain the specific reasons. However, according to previous practice, the Supreme Court has always recognized FDA’s control over drugs.
Biden praised the ruling in a statement on the 21st, saying that “due to the Supreme Court’s block, mifepristone remains a safe, effective and normally available drug.” Biden believes that the ban on mifepristone by conservative groups is a “politically motivated attack on women’s health” and has promised to continue to fight it. He also urged the American people to use their votes to elect a Congress that can restore the protection of the “Roe v. Wade case”.
However, the US media emphasized that the Supreme Court’s judgment only serves as a buffer. During the “buffer period”, the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals will conduct a more comprehensive review of Kasmarik’s previous judgment. On May 17, the circuit court will reopen the case to hear the case, but the final judgment date is not yet known. To the detriment of supporters of reproductive freedom, the majority of the court’s justices are conservative. Alexis Johnson, president of Planned Parenthood, said abortion pills and other reproductive health services remain under threat.
‘The struggle is far from over’
CBS said that after the “Roe v. Wade case” was overturned, the legal environment on abortion in the United States fell into chaos, and whether abortion was illegal was delegated to the states themselves to decide. At present, more than a dozen states in the United States have almost completely banned abortion. At the same time, 14 states across the United States have adopted “shelter laws” designed to protect interstate abortionists and related medical institutions from prosecution. In the United States, debates and demonstrations for pro-abortion and anti-abortion have continued one after another.
The “New York Times” quoted a poll on the 21st saying that the American public’s support for legal abortion has risen from 55% in 2010 to 65% currently. In 43 states, majorities agree that abortion should be legal in most cases.
CNN stated that this case is the most important abortion rights case accepted by the Supreme Court after the “Roe v. Wade case” was overturned. a victory. Some groups that support the right to abortion freedom also welcomed the decision. But Timaraju, president of the National Abortion Rights Action Coalition, told USA TODAY that “the fight is far from over.” She said: “Pro-life activists will continue to use the courts to push their agenda.”