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Inside the eight stadiums of the World Cup in Qatar

  The 2022 World Cup in Qatar is the first time in history that the World Cup will be held in Qatar or even in the Middle East. The organizer not only created an Arabian-style football stadium for fans all over the world, but also determined to host a green and low-carbon World Cup, and adopted a large number of environmental protection technologies and energy-saving equipment in infrastructure construction and transportation.
  Especially in terms of stadium construction, the 8 stadiums that host all the World Cup matches strictly follow the concept of low energy consumption, detachable, recyclable, and remodelable, and apply a large number of energy-saving and environmental protection technologies to reduce energy consumption. Below, let us look at these 8 stadiums separately.
Lusail Stadium

  The Lusail Stadium, which can accommodate more than 80,000 spectators, is both the main stadium and the largest stadium for the 2022 World Cup in Qatar. It is known as the “Golden City”.
  The design of the stadium is inspired by Qatar’s traditional enamel lanterns and date palm bowls. The overall appearance is bowl-shaped, the roof is saddle-shaped, and the outer curtain wall is a golden double-curved aluminum curtain wall. It is currently the world’s largest single-span double-layer cable-net roof single building, and it is also the world’s largest, most complex system, highest design standard, most advanced technology, and most internationalized World Cup stadium.

Lusail Stadium

  Lusail Stadium adopts a number of energy-saving and environmentally-friendly technologies, and uses a large number of recycled materials, which makes it one of the most energy-efficient and environmentally-friendly stadiums in the world. The roof membrane structure made of Teflon material can not only protect the stadium from wind and sand, but also provide sufficient sunlight for the growth of the stadium lawn; at the same time, it shields the audience from strong sunlight to reduce the air conditioning load in the stadium. In order to bring the audience a comfortable watching experience under the hot and dry natural climate conditions, the stadium is designed as a double curtain wall structure. Completely enclosed heat insulating glass is set. Due to the large scale of the stadium, traditional air conditioning systems are difficult to meet the cooling needs of the stadium. For this reason, during project design, the designer used fluid dynamics calculation software to optimize and adjust the position, quantity, shape and spacing of air-conditioning outlets. At the same time, the water-cooled air-conditioning technology of the peripheral refrigeration station is adopted, and the automatic control of the temperature in different areas is realized by adjusting the technical parameters such as the flow of cold water and the speed of the fan, which effectively reduces the energy consumption of the refrigeration equipment. In addition, in terms of planting and maintaining the stadium lawn, seawater desalination and rainwater collection and reuse technologies are adopted, combined with an intelligent water-saving sprinkler irrigation system, to intelligently control the sprinkler head switch, sprinkler area, and sprinkler time. In this way, it saves about 40% of fresh water consumption compared with traditional lawn planting.
  After the current World Cup, Lusail Stadium will be transformed into a multi-purpose community. Seats removed from the venue are donated to countries lacking sports infrastructure.
  What needs to be explained in particular is that this landmark building that Qataris are proud of was constructed by China Railway Construction International Group Co., Ltd.
974 Stadium

  The 974 Stadium is the first “green stadium” in the history of the World Cup that can be completely disassembled, moved and reused. The site of the 974 Stadium was originally an industrial area. When designing and building the stadium, low-carbon and recyclable concepts were taken into consideration. The stadium, which can accommodate 40,000 people, is composed of a modular steel structure and 974 colorful containers. Its biggest feature is that it can be disassembled and assembled freely, so as to achieve the purpose of recycling the site and building materials. Here, “974” has two meanings: first, a total of 974 containers were used to build the stadium; second, “974” is Qatar’s international long-distance telephone area code.

974 Stadium

  The advantage of modularization is to save construction cost, construction time and raw materials. Compared with building a new stadium in the traditional way, adopting modular construction can save about 40% of water consumption, so it is very suitable for use in Qatar, which is short of water.
  Due to its proximity to the sea, 974 Stadium was designed as an open structure allowing cross ventilation in order to maximize the cool sea breeze. In this way, the 974 Stadium does not use air-conditioning and refrigeration technology like other stadiums, which greatly reduces energy consumption.
  As a temporary stadium, the 974 Stadium will be dismantled after the game. All containers and movable seats in the stadium will be donated to countries in need for reconstruction.
Atumama Stadium

  Located in the south of Doha, the Atumama Stadium is a bowl-shaped structure with a diameter of 240 meters and can accommodate 40,000 people watching games at the same time.
  Its design is inspired by the “Jaffia” – a traditional knitted hat often worn by men in the Arab region. The façade of the stadium is covered with nearly 25,000 square meters of perforated panels decorated with lace, which looks like a giant woven hat from a distance.
  Compared with traditional stadiums, the environmentally friendly design of Atumama Stadium can save up to 40% of water resources, and the recycled water can also be used to irrigate the lawn. In addition, the cooling system throughout the stadium can maintain a constant temperature of 18°C ​​during the game. Around the stadium, there is also a 50,000-square-meter park.
Ryan Stadium

  The stadium is located in Ruiyang and can accommodate 40,000 people watching games at the same time. Because it is located on the edge of the desert, it is called the “Gate of the Desert”.
  Ruiyan Stadium was renovated on the original site, its design was inspired by sand dunes and Islamic architecture, and 90% of the materials used were recycled from the original stadium building materials.

Atumama Stadium

  The facade of the stadium is full of electronic displays that can light up and change colors. These screens are currently covered with a metal film depicting different patterns and patterns characteristic of Qatar.
  The interior of Rayon Stadium also uses state-of-the-art cooling technology to ensure that the venue is not affected by climate change and can be used all year round. After the World Cup in Qatar, the Rayyan Stadium will be handed over to the local football club for operation.
Gulf Stadium

  The Gulf Stadium is located in the port city of Alcor, 35 kilometers north of Doha, the capital of Qatar, and can accommodate 60,000 people.
  The design of the stadium was inspired by the tents used by the nomadic Bedouins in the ancient Middle East. The stadium is equipped with a state-of-the-art retractable roof; it has an innovative cooling system that works with the sun-shaded roof to reduce the temperature inside the stadium.
  Because of its modular construction, the stadium’s upper seating tier (almost half of its 60,000 capacity) will be dismantled after the World Cup and donated to needy developing countries around the world. Afterwards, the upper level of the stadium will be transformed into a boutique hotel, which will also include a shopping mall, food court, gym and multi-purpose hall to serve local residents and tourists.
Education City Stadium

  The Education City Stadium is close to Doha’s best universities and it is seen as a tribute to knowledge and education. It is also the first stadium in this World Cup to receive a five-star sustainability rating from the Global Sustainability Assessment System (GSAS).
  At least 55 percent of the materials used in the stadium, which can accommodate more than 45,000 people, are sourced from sustainable sources, and 28 percent of construction materials are recycled, minimizing the carbon footprint of stadium construction. The architectural inspiration comes from “diamonds”. Because its exterior wall is characterized by triangles, forming a complex geometric pattern facade, it will reflect different colors like diamonds under the sunlight, so it is known as the “diamond in the desert”. At night, the colorful light show on the outer wall makes the venue even more eye-catching.
  The location of the stadium in Education City has been carefully chosen. Fans can easily reach the stadium by public transportation. For fans with disabilities, the stadium has been designed with full consideration of accessibility, especially the unique sensory assistance room. Provides a better viewing experience for fans with neuropathy and sensory dysfunction.
  In addition, as with all stadiums hosting the 2022 World Cup in Qatar, advanced cooling technology ensures that players and fans are kept at a comfortable temperature.
Aljanub Stadium

  Aljanub Stadium, named after the city in which it is located, has a capacity of 40,000 people. The design of the venue is inspired by the traditional local dhows, paying homage to the city’s maritime history.
  The stadium roof supported by arched beams is designed in the form of an inverted abstract dhow, and the retractable roof is made of folded Teflon sheets. When they are fully unfolded, it is like a sail covering the field, which can block the hot sun and create a relatively comfortable environment for football matches. The stadium’s opaque roof and walls are pleated to add texture to the stadium’s exterior while accentuating its unique seashell-like geometry.

Khalifa International Stadium

  In addition to the passive design with a retractable roof, the Aljanub Stadium was designed and built through computer modeling and wind tunnel testing to maximize its shading effect to ensure the comfort of players and spectators. Additionally, its advanced seat cooling system keeps the stadium usable during the Qatari summer.
  It is worth mentioning that a large area of ​​green space is planned around the Aljanub Stadium. A lot of low-water-consumption vegetation has been planted here. In the future, equestrian tracks, running tracks, bicycle tracks, and a multi-functional indoor arena will be built. These newly designed spaces will better encourage people to participate in sports and promote national health.
Khalifa International Stadium

  The Khalifa International Stadium is the first Qatar World Cup venue to meet the goals of the global sustainable development evaluation system. Built in 1976, it is one of the oldest stadiums in Qatar and is also the home ground of the Qatar national team. The stadium has been refurbished, rebuilt and expanded specifically for this World Cup. After the expansion, the number of seats in the stadium increased by 12,000. The Khalifa International Stadium has a huge curved structure. During the renovation process, its most important change was the addition of a new roof, combined with an advanced cooling system to provide comfortable conditions for the game. After the World Cup in Qatar, it will become the Qatar National Stadium.

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