Health

Annoying mouth sores

What exactly are mouth ulcers?

  Recurrent oral ulcer is what people often call “oral ulcer”. It is one of the most common oral mucosal ulcer diseases, and one out of every five people suffers from it. Due to the obvious pain, it often recurs periodically and becomes severe. affected life. The disease can affect various parts of the oral cavity, including the tongue, lips, cheeks, soft palate, etc. Typical ulcers are often the size of rice grains or soybeans, round or oval, and have the characteristics of “red, yellow, concave, and painful”.
What are the causes of recurrent oral ulcers

  The etiology is not yet fully clarified, and current research evidence shows that it is the result of a combination of multiple factors.
  ●Immunological factors: The disease is related to autoimmune function, and patients may have systemic or local immune dysfunction.
  ●Genetic factors: It is common in patients with recurrent oral ulcers and has a certain family genetic tendency.
  ●Other factors: Studies have shown that its onset is related to the deficiency of trace elements (zinc, iron and B vitamins, etc.), digestive tract diseases, female menstrual cycle, mental stress, and overwork.
What are the types of recurrent oral ulcers

  ●Light type
  accounts for about 80% of recurrent oral ulcer patients, and is the most common type of oral ulcer in the population. Ulcers are solitary or scattered, and the ulcers are superficial, round or oval, and usually heal within 10 to 14 days without leaving traces after healing, with periodic attacks.
  ●Herpetic
  ulcers appear like “stars all over the sky”, small and numerous, and the ulcers are relatively superficial, often scattered or fused into sheets, and usually heal within 1 to 2 weeks, and may be accompanied by symptoms such as headache, low-grade fever, and swollen lymph nodes , leaving no trace after healing. There are many ulcers of this type, the pain is obvious, and it is easy to be accompanied by systemic reactions, which seriously affects the quality of life.
  ●Severe large and deep
  ulcers , like “craters” or “craters”, the ulcers last for a long time, up to 1 to 2 months or even longer, the pain is severe, and marks may be left on the mucous membrane after healing, that is, scar. This type is uncommon but the most painful. Because healing is slow, it often causes feelings of fear and anxiety, and patients often fear that the ulcer will become cancerous.
Can recurrent oral ulcers become cancerous?

  Recurrent mouth sores are not cancerous and will not turn into oral cancer. However, because some early oral cancer symptoms are not obvious, they are often treated as common ulcers, so you should pay close attention to some “special cases” and seek medical treatment in time, such as: Tongue, mucous membrane in the corner of the
  mouth , palate mucosa and other parts have protrusions or tumors, or unexplained pain, bleeding, etc.
  ●It looks like “oral ulcer”, but has the following characteristics: long-term non-healing, no obvious pain on the ulcer surface, fixed lesion site, irregular shape, or hard lumps can be felt around and at the base of the ulcer.
What to do if oral ulcers recur

  Clinically, the treatment of recurrent oral ulcers should be based on the patient’s type, pain degree, ulcer attack frequency, etc., and treat according to the syndrome.
  For mild recurrent oral ulcers, local treatment is the main treatment, and local glucocorticoids, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic drugs, and healing-promoting drugs can be used for treatment to promote lesion healing and relieve clinical symptoms.
  For patients with severe or frequent recurrent oral ulcers, local treatment and combined systemic drugs should be used for treatment. Commonly used systemic drugs include immunomodulators, glucocorticoids, or traditional Chinese medicine.
  In addition, there are some new physical therapy methods, such as laser therapy, millimeter wave therapy, etc.

Mouth Ulcer Prevention Tips

  In daily life, in addition to actively cooperating with the treatment, you should also pay attention to the following points:
  develop good living habits: it is recommended to quit smoking and drinking, correct bad habits such as biting the tongue and cheeks, and avoid causing adverse stimuli; Vegetable combination, balanced nutrition, intake of vegetables and fruits rich in vitamins and dietary fiber and high-quality protein foods.
  Maintain oral health: brush your teeth in the morning and evening, clean your teeth regularly, keep your mouth clean, and treat other diseases in your mouth in time, such as sharp cusps, residual roots and crowns, and bad restorations.
  Maintain a positive and optimistic attitude: work and rest regularly, exercise moderately, and maintain a stable and peaceful mood. Stress, anxiety, etc. can easily induce the disease or make it worse.

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