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Hear the groan of spirit

  The oil painting “The Man with the Golden Helmet”, which is said to be created by the Dutch painter Rembrandt, according to the identification and research of modern science, is not Rembrandt’s painting. broken. The facts have been hidden in the fog of history, and it is impossible to tell how many interpretations an anonymous masterpiece evokes. The fable here is one of the deductions.
  From the perspective of painting techniques, the style of this painting resembles that of Rembrandt. As some speculations say, it is the work of a certain student of Rembrandt. He did not leave a name, it may be unintentional, or more likely intentional. Why do you say this? With such exquisite painting skills, he will inevitably leave traces in history, but he disappeared like this, so what state of consciousness did he hide in? This is a puzzling doubt. Looking at The Man in the Golden Helm again, we can get something suggestive. This is a face that is more tired and somewhat pale. Yet there is still a certain determination and cynicism in his eyes. Facing his surroundings, he is a warrior. This painting is a memorial.
  If we consider this painting as Rembrandt’s painting, we can classify it as a work after the middle age of the painter in terms of the use of techniques. This just shows that the real author of this painting painted this work after witnessing a series of changes in the painter’s life experience. The shape of the eyebrows and eyes of the people in the painting is very close to the image of Rembrandt. Is it an intentional representation of the unknown painter? If we take the painting as an allegory of the artist’s state of consciousness in Dutch society at the time, then we have reason to think that the face of the painter’s esteemed teacher is installed on this face. Eyebrows. The mouth and nose, as well as the pale complexion, are the respectful features of this unknown painter.
  In the first half of the 17th century, the Dutch economy developed rapidly, and people’s taste for appreciation was a scene that reflected the real life of the citizens. For such a social reality, the aesthetic taste of the citizens was dominant. For a painter like Rembrandt who transcends nationality and era, he will inevitably be abandoned by fashionable aesthetic habits, because his characters are always incomprehensible, their meanings are obscure, and more and more there is no rich enjoyment or comfort. The enjoyment and the warm sunshine are the most desirable things for the middle-bourgeoisie. In their opinion, this Rembrandt corrupts them with more and more outdated and dark pictures.
  Let’s make a final inference about “The Man in the Golden Helmet”. One of his many students saw that his teacher would be an epoch-making master, and he was already familiar with the teacher’s performance skills and the emotional control of the picture. , but he had to think about his own livelihood, and he needed to paint works that fit the world, which made his heart very painful. Unable to let go of his belief in art and his friendship with his teacher, he had to find some kind of symbol to comfort his soul, so this piece of work that was a classic for Rembrandt himself was born. The anonymous painter left no mark anywhere on the piece, creating a perpetual suspense.
  Let’s take a look at the real Rembrandt’s art and his artistic ideals:
  In the summer of 1606, on July 15th to be precise, a baby was born in the family of a miller in Leiden, Holland. He is Rembrandt Harmenszoon van RUn, who will be remembered by the world art history in the future. His family originally planned to let him study law at Leiden University. He was sent to preparatory studies at the age of 14. It is said that he was not very keen on it, and his grades were not very good. However, he had a strong passion for the art of painting. Interest, first I studied intermittently in the studio of a copper engraver in Leiden, and at the age of 17 I went to Amsterdam to study in the studio of the history painter Lastman. After a short period of 6 months, I returned to Leiden. Painting alone.
  In 1627, the 21-year-old painter opened a studio with a painting friend to recruit apprentices to paint. During this period, his painting style with the painting friend was very close. Those who are familiar with Rembrandt’s art will notice that from this time on. He has been painting his own portraits since then, including etchings, oil paintings and charcoal sketches. One of the reasons is to study human expressions and observe the muscle changes of the face through painting. There are a lot of self-portraits, but Rembrandt never dated his own drawings. The more important reason is probably that the painter needs to study himself deeply. Throughout Rembrandt’s life, the mystery of his painting connotations and the maverick of his character, apart from his extraordinary artistic talent, should have something to do with his tireless self-study!
  Rembrandt settled in Amsterdam from 1632, hoping to further develop his art, and 1632-1640 was the mature stage of his creation. The commissioned piece “Professor Tipp’s Anatomy Lesson” he painted at 26 o’clock was a group portrait for Professor Tipp and his students, which broke through the rigid routine of group portraits arranged in rows at that time. The expression of light treats the characters and expressions in a typical and realistic manner. This work brought him a great reputation, so his orders came one after another. During this period, his painting style was detailed, the figures were accurate and vivid, and the objects in the picture were also painted in a sparkling manner, which was quite popular among the bourgeoisie. So he has a very good income, fame and money make him like a prince, making big money at auctions and bidding for ancient items, which is clearly reflected in his works, such as when he dresses up his mother Become an ancient saint and dress up your wife as a flower god or a figure in ancient mythology. It was also in 1633 that the painter, relying on his success in his career, got engaged to the young and beautiful Shasquia, who was from a well-known family. The next year, he married a bride and lived in a beautiful big house by the canal. However, all these comfortable lives did not stop him from making progress in art, or his ideal in life was not through art, but only to obtain the comfort and happiness of material life. The front of the habit of appreciation of art.
  It can be known from the circulating information that his art encountered major setbacks at its most glorious time. This is the “Night Watch” he painted in 1642. This painting is also a commissioned piece for members of the National Guard. Paintings, it is said that such collective orders, are equally divided, and Rembrandt painted their combinations as a plot subject, so that there will be uneven composition, and then between the commissioner and the painter Controversy, refusal to accept the work, all the way to the point of a lawsuit, this event also became the starting point of Rembrandt’s reputation decline. This statement has been found out in the 19th century. Two hundred years have passed since Rembrandt’s time. There are very few records about the painter during this period. It can be said that it was Rembrandt’s dark period. It can be known from a large number of writings that the European art world in the 19th century began to re-recognize this artistic genius, and his paintings have also been continuously paid attention to, studied and discovered. Due to the very limited understanding of his life experience, he just looked at the pictures and talked, and inferred his life experience from the plots in his works, saying that he was a poor boy who grew up eating potatoes, and later became a rare artistic genius (“The Studio”). Self-Portrait in 1629).
  Rumors about his life experience also gradually flooded, saying that he made a lawsuit like the painting “Night Watch”, and the painter’s unique aesthetic awareness was not recognized by the society. The fact that can be found is that the painting “Night Watch” has been hanging in the building belonging to the National Guard before it was taken into the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam as a national treasure. Later, it was cut and processed, and for a long time, the picture was coated with thick varnish layer by layer, so that the picture looked dark and difficult to distinguish, which was called “Night Watch” by later generations. In fact, its original name was “Captain Banning Corot and the Seventeen Civil Defenders”. If this painting is really like the legend, it caused a lawsuit and even seriously affected Rembrandt’s reputation as a painter. Will this painting be kept safe for a long time? From this, it seems that the rumor of the painter may not be true. It is undeniable that Rembrandt’s life is full of legends. Another interesting legend is that he used honey from the Americas to mix the paint. Because he has such a secret recipe, the picture looks full of seductive charm. The current scientific research on his art has once again shattered the beauty of this legend. His paintings are blended with ordinary cooked oil, but this result makes people look at his painting effects with a more mysterious mood.
  The most reliable analysis of why Rembrandt’s paintings lost the market should be that he was not satisfied with the superb description of objective objects. He wanted to change his techniques, and he was determined to evolve and change his style! This kind of disapproval It is also reflected in his choice of coarse-grained paints. Painting with such paints can make people see the glittering effect on the picture from a certain distance. He was obsessed with doing this, and every time the customers who came to him to order paintings were dragged to a distant place to see his paintings, which aroused the anger of the customers.
  From the series of self-portraits of Rembrandt in his later years, we can no longer see his preference for curiosity, but more of the artist’s inner self. The brushstrokes no longer tell the fleeting glimpses of the material world with exquisite skills. With a pen, the vividness and tremors of the soul are directly written, which is revered by people four hundred years later. Especially in his later years, he painted such great works as “The Return of the Prodigal Son” (1668-1669), which is now in the Hermitage Gallery in St. Petersburg. The artist is lonely, if people stand in front of his painting , read carefully, you can really sort out his “past life and present life”, who is this prodigal son? The painter used a “Bible” story to describe his spiritual moaning and return.

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