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She guided Picasso and Hemingway

  In most people’s impressions, the hostess of an art salon should be as beautiful, stylish and elegant as George Sand or Coco Chanel, attracting countless men to bow down under their pomegranate skirts, but in fact, Gertrude Sturt He doesn’t like men because of his bloated body. However, she is rebellious and self-proclaimed genius, but with her advanced artistic vision, she has stirred up a river of spring water in modern art.
  She is not only one of the most powerful collectors of the 20th century, but also a writer full of experimental works, always offering generous help to those “literate people” who are shy in their pockets, and the unknown people also want to gain her favor and appreciation. According to statistics, she and her brother Leo collected countless works of art masters in the early 20th century, and sponsored Cézanne, Picasso, and Matisse, who were unappreciated at that time. Some art historians even believe that without her, the development of modern art in Paris would be about 20 years later. At the same time, with her stylized literary works, she became the first person to innovate in writing and language at that time, and she was also a “leader of the lost generation”.
  So how wonderful is her life?
│ 01 │

  Gertrude was born into a wealthy family in 1874, the youngest of five children. Fathers are extremely strict with their children. Under the stressful education model, children are often either inferior or cowardly, or they are perverse and rebellious.
  Obviously, Gertrude is the latter.
  She hated public education, fell in love with Shakespeare, and on a philosophy exam paper, she wrote: “I’m so sorry, I don’t like this philosophy paper at all today.”
  At the age of 14, Gertrude’s parents both passed away. Still a rebellious girl, Gertrude suffered the first heavy blow in her life. With no one to take care of her, she could only move in with her aunt.
  After that, she studied psychology and medicine, but eventually dropped out due to poor grades and the male-dominated medical field.
  At this time, the 27-year-old Gertrude was still studying and achieving nothing. She decided to go to Paris to join her brother Leo. The two brothers and sisters had a good relationship since childhood, and Leo, like her, loves to travel far and has been to many countries. In 1902 he “parked” in Paris and rented 27 Rue de la Garden. The following year, Gertrude moved in with him, only to open a new chapter in modern art together.

Matisse “The Woman in the Hat”

  Since then, the two brothers and sisters have frequently appeared in the Pioneer Gallery, and have continued to acquire works by Impressionist painters such as Manet, Cezanne, Renoir, and Degas. Picasso and others became close friends, and what made them really famous in the collecting world was Matisse’s “Woman with a Hat”.
  As soon as the painting appeared in 1905, it immediately offended the academics and was considered ugly and rough as a wild beast. At the time, this was undoubtedly a bold and risky choice, even in exchange for countless sarcasm and stares. But it turned out that they were right.
│ 02 │

  Not long after buying Matisse’s controversial work, the siblings met Picasso again.
  At that time, Picasso had just ended his “blue period”, and he was poor and unknown, and he was just an inconspicuous little figure in Paris. The brother and sister discovered Picasso’s extraordinaryness, bought two of his paintings directly, and went to his studio.
  According to Picasso’s then girlfriend Fernando recalled: they bought 800 francs of paintings on their first visit. She was even more impressed with Gertrude, who thought her face had a noble line and there was an intimidating power in her eyes.
  Probably Picasso also felt that there was something special about Gertrude, and painted a portrait of her “Gertrude Stein”. Gertrude loved this painting very much and believed that Picasso painted his true self. Although there are countless collections in her life, Gertrude has collected more than 100 paintings from Picasso’s “Pink Period”, but this painting is the only one that she has always regarded as a treasure and has always been with her. This painting is also of great significance to Picasso. The deep and three-dimensional facial features of the characters in the painting have vaguely seen the shadow of Picasso’s future paintings, which is similar to the image in his later masterpiece “Girls of Avignon”. Subtle resemblance.

Picasso’s Blue Period Works

Picasso’s Gertrude Stern

  After that, Gertrude and her brother began to buy Picasso’s paintings on a regular basis, solving the dilemma for Picasso, who was struggling at the time. It is a pity that because Picasso moved towards Cubism and completely tore up classical painting, which was contrary to his brother Leo’s artistic concept, Gertrude supported Picasso very much, believing that this style was full of passion and creativity , the two brothers and sisters also inevitably have differences.
│ 03 │

  In 1907, Gertrude met Alice Toklas, the love of his life.
  Three years later, the two “married” and stayed together until old age. Gertrude and Alice fled Paris when “World War I” broke out. Before his death, Gertrude left a will, leaving all his collections to Alice for safekeeping.
  Sadly, however, Gertrude eventually drifted away from Picasso. After Picasso became famous, the prices of paintings skyrocketed, Gertrude could not afford to buy them, and they never met again after the mid-1930s.
  At this time, Gertrude is no longer the big figure who stirred up the situation of modern art in Paris, but no one can deny her contribution to art and literature. Because of her, countless artists have entered the public eye, and the postmodernist style shown in her works has influenced Western literature.

Picasso’s “Girls of Avignon”

Gertrude Stein

  When Hemingway asked her for advice, she unceremoniously said to him “You are all a lost generation”, which was later written by Hemingway on the title page of “The Sun Also Rises”. With the passage of time, the former little people have become big figures in the history, but the name of “Bole” Gertrude is far less loud than them.
  I wonder if they still remember that in the early 20th century, at No. 27 Rue de la Jarre in Paris, France, this powerful woman looked at artists and writers who came and went, often smiled, and said: “Modern culture is Gertrude Stern.”

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