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A drunken urge

  Between 1930 and 1940, with the diligent excavations of archaeologists in the northeastern region of Shiraz, Takht Janshey, a large palace ruin that shocked the world was rediscovered. This is Persepolis, the old capital of the world-famous ancient Persian Empire. The mystery of ancient Persian civilization has since been unveiled.
  Persepolis was the fifth capital city ordered by the Persian Empire Darius I to commemorate the successive kings of the Persian Achaemenid Kingdom. The Greeks called the capital “Persepolis”, which means “the capital of Persia”. The whole project of the Persepolis Palace was built in the period of Darius I (about 522 BC), after three generations of kings, it took 70 years. By the time of Artaxerxes I, the grandson of Darius, this great palace group, which symbolized the glorious civilization of the ancient Persian Empire, was finally completed. The heart of the empire, but also the aggregate of the civilization of the Persian Empire. This ancient city with many majestic palaces makes clever use of the terrain and builds momentum according to the mountains, perfectly blending the natural geographical features and the artistic essence of human beings. In addition to stone carvings and reliefs, the buildings of the entire palace also include glazed ceramic tiles, various murals, and gold and ivory inlays. It not only preserves the essence of ancient Persian architecture, sculpture and decorative arts, but also integrates various architectural art styles from Persia, West Asia, Egypt and Greece. These magnificent buildings allow people to deeply feel its breath and awe as they explore the history of 2,500 years ago.
  However, the ancient Greek historian Diodorus of Sicily described its historical destiny 200 years after the foundation of this holy city that brings together cultures from all over the world: “Persepolis is more prosperous than other cities, but it suffers from Bad luck is beyond ordinary!”
  The scars on the broken walls of the Persepolis ruins endlessly tell the melancholy elegy before the decline of the Persian civilization. The reason for the incident also starts from the strong conquest of Greece by the Persian Empire during the Darius period. After Darius I launched the Hippo War that lasted nearly half a century, in 480 BC, Xerxes, who inherited his father’s business, once again led an army to invade Greece. Although the Battle of Salamis once again shattered the dream of Persian conquest of Greece, just as they were retreating, the Xerxesist army sacked the city of Athens and burned the famous Acropolis and its sanctuary of temples. Since then, the Persian invasion of fire and blood has always stimulated the painful memory of the Greeks like a wound that never scabs.
  Time flies, and 150 years later, the city-state of Macedonia in northern Greece quietly rose. The young Alexander the Great personally led the Greek army on an expedition to Persia. In 330 BC, in the village of Gaugamela near Nineveh, Alexander defeated the Persian army in one fell swoop. In order to completely destroy the regime of the Persian King Darius III, Alexander continued his eastward march and occupied Persepolis, the world-famous city and the capital of the empire, without bloodshed. Alexander’s army frantically ransacked gold and silver treasures worth about 120,000 talents. The ancient Greek historian Plutarch estimated that at least 10,000 pairs of mules plus 5,000 camels were needed to transport them. The Greek conquistadors enjoyed three months in this bustling capital, and finally the moment came to decide the fate of Persepolis.
  Plutarch described in his famous book “Greece and Roman Biography” that one day, Alexander and his friends held a banquet to celebrate. Among them, the famous Attica prostitute Tai Qisi is particularly outstanding. Sometimes she praised Alexander, sometimes made fun of him, and she used her drunkenness to speak out words that were completely in line with the customs and habits of her hometown… Taiqisi said that on this day she was going to spurn the high palace of the Persian king, she felt She should be compensated for her pain in Asia. But what was more pleasing to her was to have her burn down the Palace of Xerxes with her own hands in the presence of the king at once with the joyous crowd at the banquet, for Xerxes had set a devastating fire in Athens. Let it be said that the women who accompanied Alexander were better able to avenge the Persians for Greece than the famous chiefs of armies and fleets. The remarks were greeted with warm praise and thunderous applause. With the unwavering support of his friends, the inspired Alexander jumped up from his seat, wore a wreath on his head, walked in front of everyone with a torch in hand, and lit the Persian Royal Palace… I saw those exquisite columns made of Lebanese cedar, Stigmas and beams were ablaze, roofs fell, soot and ash and ash fell to the ground like thunderstorms. A majestic building was instantly reduced to gravel and ashes. The prosperity that once belonged to the Achaemenids dissipated, like a magnificent dream on the vast land of the Persian plain.
  The burning of Persepolis cannot be explained by normal logic, either from a military standpoint or from the standpoint of consolidating imperial rule. Alexander accepted the pagan rule of Egypt with his broad mind, and also pardoned Babylon, who had surrendered to the city, so why did he, who was already sitting on the throne of Darius, burn Persepolis, the treasure house of ancient Persian civilization, into a What about the ashes? Alexander’s drunken impulse was of course the direct cause of the destruction of Persepolis by the fire. However, this accidental fire at the Persepolis court burned more than just a city and its unique properties. The legacy of civilization, it also marked the end of the vast Persian empire, founded by Cyrus and his successors, from the Nile to the Indus. Since then, the civilization of the ancient Persian Empire has been quickly annihilated, and faded out of the stage of history in the desert wasteland where everything is silent and barren. Persepolis, the most majestic court in the ancient world, gradually became an empty city and a dead city, allowing the wind and rain to blow and die day by day. Who would have thought that the glorious ancient Persian civilization in the past would be turned to ashes by a fire under an impulsive emotion; arrival. Sometimes, the variables behind the inevitable changes in history make us feel more emotional about the ups and downs of the historical process, but it is also these occasions that force us to ponder and appreciate the deep motives of the change of civilization.

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