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“Lolita”: a gorgeous butterfly

  Butterfly complex
  
  Vladimir Nabokov (1899-1977), a famous contemporary Russian-American writer, was born in a noble family in St. Petersburg, Russia. Because of his wealthy family background, he received a good education since childhood. At the age of 5, he began to learn French, and by the age of 15, he had read all the works of Tolstoy, all the works of Shakespeare in English, and all the works of Flaubert in French. works, and hundreds of other books. At the age of 7, he inherited his father’s hobby of collecting butterfly specimens and became obsessed with catching butterflies. “Butterfly Aesthetics”.
  According to Nabokov’s recollection, his fascination with butterflies stemmed from the “lepidopteran affection and pain” his father had inherited from him. In the summer of the age of 7, the young Nabokov began to walk under the influence of his father. The colorful world of butterflies soon entered a state of obsession. In just one month, he became acquainted with about 20 common types of butterflies; at the age of 8, he dabbled extensively in “Lepidoptera” , “Historical Portraits of New or Rare Lepidoptera”, “Natural History of British Butterfly and Moths”, “Encyclopedia of European Lepidoptera”, “New England Butterfly” and other professional books. He learned knowledge and laid a solid foundation for his future collection, sorting and classification of butterfly specimens; from the age of 9, he successively sent his newly discovered various rare butterfly specimens to “the greatest of all times in the world”. Lepidopterist”; at the age of 12, he had “began to buy and collect rare butterfly specimens, and voraciously read Russian and English entomological journals”, and his sensitivity and fascination with butterflies made the young Naboko The husband had a bold idea: “It seems that there is nothing in the world sweeter to me than being able to, by a stroke of luck, add some noteworthy new species to the long list of phoenix moths already named by others. In 1920, Nabokov published his first academic paper, “On the Crimean Butterfly,” on butterflies.
  In 1940, Nabokov immigrated to the United States. The life of the first time in the United States was fickle, but what remained the same was that every summer, he took his wife and children across the American continent to the Rocky Mountains to go on vacation to catch butterflies. In his second year in the United States, he became a part-time librarian at the Harvard Museum of Comparative Zoology, specializing in the study and classification of Lepidoptera. Butterfly research took up a lot of his time, working under a microscope for at least 6 hours a day, which later damaged his eyesight, but Nabokov had no complaints and enjoyed it. He once said, “The years at the Harvard Museum were the happiest and most exciting of my adult life.” “The unbelievable and pleasant memories are in fact comparable to my childhood in Russia.” To this day, we Some rare butterfly specimens collected and donated by Nabokov can still be seen at Harvard University, the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cornell University, and in the showrooms of some academies of sciences.
  In 1952, Nabokov collected a special male butterfly, which was named after him later. He divided this kind of butterfly into two categories, one of which was called “Dolores”. Dolores, derived from the Latin word dolor, means “sorrow and pain”. In 1954, he wrote this “sad and painful” child born from his name into his novel “Lolita”, and the heroine’s name was “Dolores”. In this way, a beautiful, agile and dazzling butterfly will fly into people’s sight.
  
  Butterfly Aesthetic Implications
  
  in Lolita In the introduction to Lolita, Alfred Appel Jr. said: “Nabokov’s art records a process of never-ending change— The artist’s own growth through artistic creation – the metamorphosis cycle of insects is the dominant metaphor for Nabokov’s description of this process, as he has been engaged in biological research all his life, and has identified in his mind the ‘butterfly and the natural world’. It can be seen that Nabokov’s creations have a constant connection with butterflies, and his artistic ideas are closely related to the living habits of butterflies and the relationship between butterflies and nature. This unique butterfly complex was brought to his famous work “Lolita”, thus forming the unique butterfly aesthetic meaning of “Lolita”.
  inspiration
  Nabokov believes that there is a “soul tremor” in literary creation, which is “inspiration”. In his “Literary Lectures”, he explained inspiration as “ecstasy” and “memory”. “Ecstasy as a pure emotion, it has no conscious purpose, but it is the most important in disintegrating the connection between the old world of the past and the establishment of a new new world.” Vibrant “aesthetic ecstasy” to construct a completely new possible world, “aesthetic ecstasy” with the great joy it brings to disintegrate the solid solidarity between subject and object, phenomenon and essence, matter and spirit, past, present and future, etc. The high wall brings the main body of art activities into the world of freedom. He also believes: “The difference between ecstasy and memory is mainly climatic, the former being hot and short-lived, the latter being cold and constant. . . book, he would rely on a second serene and constant inspiration – “memory,” a trustworthy assistant who would help recall and reconstruct the world.” Meaning, when a writer is “ecstatic” about something or something , maybe this ecstasy is just a short moment, but it will become a “memory”, when this “memory” collides with a new “ecstasy”, it will give you “inspiration” to rebuild an art world .
  Nabokov’s constant inspiration and abundant creations throughout his life are inseparable from the ecstasy and memory brought to him by butterfly catching. In his autobiographical article “The Final Testimony”, he wrote: “I am in The kind of joy I seek in art is found in nature, both have magical forms, both have an intricate fascination and illusion. As far as I know, there are very few in terms of emotional desire, ambition, or fulfillment It can surpass the exploration of entomology.” And “Lolita” was written intermittently in his spare time in the 1950s when he was catching butterflies. Nabokov himself said of the novel’s creation: “There is no special purpose, just a reaction or mixture of inspiration.”
  He sees butterfly catching as “a supreme enjoyment with no time limit, a randomly selected spot where I stand among rare butterflies and their favorite plants, an ecstasy, and there’s more behind this ecstasy. But it was something indescribable, like a sudden rush of something I loved, a sense of the unity of heaven and earth, a sense of gratitude to the opposite of human destiny or to gentle ghosts laughing at lucky creatures. “In the novel Humbert’s ecstatic fascination and ecstasy for Lolita seems to be another influence of the butterfly complex on “Lolita”.
  
  Camouflage
  
  Camouflage is the survival instinct of butterflies. Nabokov has a long description of the camouflage of butterflies: “The mystery of imitation has a special charm to me. Its phenomenon shows the perfection of an art usually associated with man-made things. . . . When a butterfly has to resemble a leaf, not only are all the details of a leaf beautifully presented. But also specks that mimic the holes drilled by maggots are generously presented. ‘Natural selection’, in Darwinian In a sense, the miraculous coincidence of imitation characteristics and imitation behavior cannot be explained, nor can one appeal to the theory of ‘the struggle for survival’, in which a defense organ is pushed to an extreme of imitation’s subtlety, prosperity, and luxury, far beyond I found in nature the non-utilitarian pleasures I sought in art when I had acquired a carnivorous taste. Both are a form of magic, both are a mysterious witchcraft and A game of deception.” Butterflies with “protective colors” have colors and shapes similar to their habitats, like dead leaf butterflies, which not only look like dead leaves, but also have insect bites or moldy markings that make it difficult for the catcher to identify; and Butterflies of “warning colors” imitate the color and flying posture of poisonous butterflies to confuse the catcher, so Nabokov said frankly: “The highest deception should be nature, from the simple trick of using material resources to reproduce to All kinds of ingenious protective colors of butterflies and birds can glimpse into the infinite magic tricks of nature.” The study of lepidoptera made Nabokov well versed in these changing “tricks” of butterflies, and of course it also subtly affected his work. creation. Appel said: “Nabokov’s passion for chess, language, and lepidopterous entomology motivated him to use tangled patterns in his work.” The fiction of “Lolita” creation, the delusion of the text It is the outstanding performance of the influence of butterfly camouflage characteristics on his creation.
  Nabokov gave a definition of literature: “A child runs out of a valley and yells ‘The wolf is coming’, and there is a big bad wolf behind him – this is not literature, the child screams’ “The wolf is coming” and there is no wolf behind it, this is literature.” “The magic of art lies in the wolf that the child deliberately fabricated, that is, the hallucination of the wolf. Although the child may eventually be eaten by the wolf, the child is Deserved original writer.” So from this point of view, Nabokov believes that “great writers are great liars”, “all fiction is fiction, and all art is deception”. In an interview with BBC radio in July 1962, Nabokov said: “Lolita has no archetype, she was born in my head, this person never existed, … Lolita is a product of imagination. ”

  In fact, not only the “sexy girl” Lolita, the entire creation is fictional. “Lolita” is ostensibly an autobiographical novel, but its narrative has already hinted at the fictional nature of the work from the very beginning. The author tells us in the preface: “Lolita” is a widower’s confession, a confession of his own crime. Mr. Humbert, the author of “Lolita”, and the main character of his account, Lolita, are dead, which is clearly telling us that these words are dead without evidence. Then, we followed Mr. Humbert’s self-report into the plot of “Lolita”, but immediately found that Humbert was a lunatic who had undergone psychiatric treatment many times. In his confession, he swore many times that his memories were true, but this is equivalent to a bunker built on quicksand, indestructible but instantly subverted. Will readers believe it? Only a fool would believe the veracity of such a madman’s recollection of his past. And is Nabokov, who created it all, telling us that this is all fiction?
  Art is never simple, and the greatest art is unusually complex and confusing. Nabokov said: “‘Lolita’ is like writing a beautiful mystery, the structure and the answer to it is how you look at it,” as the author said, walking into “Lolita” is like walking into He created a colorful and unpredictable world, and everything around him seemed real and unreal. The language of magic, the coincidental plot, and the changing characters, this is the artistic charm of Nabokov.
  A seemingly unimportant character appears in the foreword to “Lolita”, Vivian Darkblum, the writer of the playwright Claire Quiltty who was killed by Humbert collaborators, they wrote “Little Fairy” and “Father’s Love” together, among which “Little Fairy” “traveled 14,000 miles and performed 280 performances in 1940”, and Lori, who was obsessed with Humbert Tower is also called “Little Fairy” by Humbert. His stepfather’s identity brought her no doubt father’s love, but he took her around the country, and it was during this aimless trip that he successfully possessed her , so that their relationship has changed from father and daughter to lover, what exactly is implied in the coincidence of this “little fairy”?
  Vivian Darkbloom’s 15 letters reversed, just enough to make Vladimir Nabokov; Humbert at 324 Lawn Street, aka Lolita Lolita was first seen at his mother’s place, he first seduced Lolita in room 324 of the “Seduced Hunter” hotel, he traveled with Lolita and stayed in a total of 324 motels , what do these literal tricks Nabokov play with and these coincidences indicate?
  Humbert and Lolita missed the “Magic Cave” play, but caught up with another play by Quiltty and Vivian. After the show, Humbert said: “I caught a glimpse of the two co-writers — a man in a night gown and a hawk-like, dark-haired, tall woman with light shoulders.”
  ”Vivian What a person, I must have seen her in that restaurant yesterday”, but Lolita said contemptuously: “You are a fool of the number one, the writer’s name is Claire, she is in her forties. Married, still Has black blood”, the female writer Vivian is described by Lolita as a “male writer”, is it implying that “Vivian Darkblum” and “Vladimir Nabokov” What about the exchange of characters between “Humbert” and “Quilti”?
  When Humbert finally found out that the playwright Quilty was another of Lolita’s seducers, he took a gun to his rival, and the two scuffled together in Quilty’s room, “We fell again in There was a scuffle on the ground, we rolled all over the floor, hand in hand, like two helpless children, his naked body under his robe was like a goat, when it pressed on me, it suffocated me, I pressed him, we pressed Hold me, we hold him, we hold us”, the exchange of identities between the characters reaches a dizzying peak.

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