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Earl and serf singer

  At the end of the 18th century, the rich and powerful Russians indulged in the drama fever as if suffering from a fever. At that time, although there were more than 20 theaters in Moscow, they still could not meet their needs. Perhaps because of the fashion at the time, they built their own private theaters. The ruler at that time, Empress Catherine II, ascended the throne in 1762 and died in 1796. During the 34 years, he intensified the implementation of the reactionary serfdom and implemented an ambitious expansion policy. At the same time, he also encouraged the development of domestic industry and commerce and allowed the nobles to operate. Industry and commerce, and thus the national power and productivity have been greatly improved, and the dignitaries are rich and rich, building theaters, museums, and luxurious manors.
  
  Ostankin Palace
  
  The Sheremedev family was the most powerful aristocrat in the dynasty. The father of this family, Boris Petrovich, was a close comrade-in-arms of Peter the Great and was the marshal at that time. From 1700 to 1720, in the Northern War between Russia and Sweden for control of the Baltic Sea, he commanded the Russian army and made great contributions. In 1706, he was awarded the title of Earl. His grandson, Count Nikolai Petrovich, built a theater in the city of Moscow and in the Kuskovo estate on the outskirts of Moscow. The estate also has an amphitheater set in a linden forest with a grand back pool seat. Every Thursday and Sunday, the whole city of Moscow is almost crowded to watch, because it is free admission.
  The luxurious building complex where the theater is located is now called Ostankino, where the tallest TV tower in Russia with a height of more than 530 meters stands. The Ostankin Palace in this complex was created by Count Nikolai Sheremedev, and the theater in the palace was designed for the count’s beloved wife and female serf-born soprano Praskovich. It was established by a serf theatre troupe headed by Ya Zhemchugova.
  The Ostankin Palace is gorgeous and magnificent. It is all built with wood. In addition to mahogany, the building materials used are ordinary pine and birch. With these materials through the hands of skilled craftsmen, the entire palace looks as if it is built of stone, bronze, ceramic tiles, and glass, which also proves that ordinary building materials can create incredible miracles.
  The Ostankin Palace is also a museum of wood carving art. All its doors and windows, decorative frames, cornices, and the beveled openings of the windows are carved with floral ornaments. They may have lost their original splendor due to subsequent maintenance and repeated painting and dyeing. The delicate and unique patterns are still intact, and they are always new and pleasing to the eye.
  There are also many handed down artistic structures in the Ostankino building complex of Sheremedev’s official residence, such as various gardens comparable to the Imperial Garden, Holy Trinity Church, etc., which have faded out of people’s sight, only Shere The Megève Theater is forever in the memory of the world, not only because of its superb artistic achievements, but more importantly, it contains a lingering and touching story. As mentioned earlier, this theater was built by Count Nikolai Petrovich Sheremedev for his beloved wife. The Ostankin Palace, where the theater is located, was built in 1792, and the count was 46 years old when it was completed in 1797. The female slave Remchugova was 29 years old at the time. The two had known each other for 12 years, and they tied the knot after 4 years. However, the beautiful marriage lasted only two years. Remchugova was killed by tuberculosis. .   Remchugova
  
Remchugova was born in a serf and blacksmith’s house in 1768, her father’s surname is Kovalev, so in some documents, it is often referred to as Kovaleva-Remchugova.
  
At the age of 7 she was adopted by Count Pyotr Borisovich Sheremedev, the father of Nikolai Sheremedev, and was incorporated into a group of serf girls with a talent for acting, led by Dolgo. Duchess Rukaya is under the supervision of the Duchess. The little girl has successively learned vocal music from the soprano Sandunova, the stage art from Siniavskaya, and the harp performance from the French harpist and composer Caldon. In 1779, the 11-year-old girl appeared on the stage at the Kuskov Theatre in the Earl’s House. However, the fledgling girl played a small role – the maid Gubert in Belgian composer Glitter’s opera “The Test of Friendship.” A year later, he sang the main aria in the comedy opera “The Immigrants or the New Village” by the Italian composer Sacchini. This performance used the stage name Remchugova for the first time. Since then, with the continuous success of the performance, Remchugo The baby also replaced Kovaleva and spread to the world.
  After 1780, Zhemchugova became the chief singer of the theater until she bid farewell to the stage in 1797. In 17 years, she successfully played nearly 50 roles, such as the opera of the French composer and one of the founders of the comedy opera, Montsigny. Louise in “The Deserter”, the Spanish princess in “The Princess of Samara” by Italian composer Paisiello, Lucier in “Liusier” by Belgian composer Gretri, Paisier Nina in Lowe’s “Nina or Crazy in Love”, Alina in Monsigny’s “Queen Alina Gorkonsky”, French comedy composer Jessaud’s “The Three Buyers” Anita in the Russian composer Kozlovsky’s “The Fall of Izmail”, Zermira, etc.
  Zhemchugova’s voice is loud and expressive, her dramatic soprano with a wide range is eye-catching, and at the same time, her sincere sincerity and beautiful colori make people feel warm and exciting. Her multi-faceted academic talents Fu, enthusiastic temperament, and serious and dedicated singing make it possible to skillfully control various roles. The most successful work of Zhemchugova is in the Belgian composer Gretrie’s “The Samnite”. “Marriage” in Eliana’s aria, this aria reveals the female singer’s love for tragic and heroic images.
  As can be seen from the above-listed plays, most of the roles played by Remchugova are characters in the works of Western European composers. regarded as a standard. It is not surprising that female singers who grew up in the house of Count Sheremedev favored Western opera. But this does not mean that she does not like the national music art of her homeland. The singing in Russian operas such as “Car Accident” by Odd has achieved great success.
  
  Break through the secular love
  
  Remchugova met and fell in love with Count Sheremedev for 26 years, and only changed her serf status when she was “free” in 1798. Three years later, the earl finally abandoned his secular prejudice and decided to marry a female serf who had just been “liberated”. In 1803, after the 35-year-old Rhymchugova and the 52-year-old count had their son, the female singer died in just three weeks. At this time, the grief-stricken count reported their secret marriage and childbirth to Tsar Alexander I two years ago. The emperor forgave the count and recognized the legitimacy of his improper marriage and his son.
  A prominent earl was attached to a female serf from a humble background for 16 years, and finally got married secretly in a humble chapel, which fully demonstrated the sincerity of the earl’s love for the female serf, and also explained How difficult it is for the Count to cross the gap of secular prejudice, and what a sweet and painful journey of 16 years of nostalgia, about this journey, the Count wrote in his suicide note to his son Dmitry: “About you My mother, I have the most beautiful and most ardent feelings for her. I ask myself, she is not only erotic impulses, but more importantly, in addition to her beauty, she can also get pleasant Pleasure…I found her virtuous, intelligent, sincere, kind, faithful, strong faith and devotion to God. These qualities captivate my heart more than her beauty, and overcome the world’s Family prejudice, and finally married her as his wife.”
  Russia’s decadent serfdom seriously hindered the development of capitalism, and was repeatedly beaten and humiliated in the competition with foreign powers. By 1861, Tsar Alexander II (who succeeded him in 1855) had to sign a decree abolishing serfdom in February, and Russian serfs were liberated in social status. Therefore, from a historical point of view, to evaluate how much courage Count Sheremedev needed to dote on a lowly female serf so fondly and unswervingly in the social environment more than 60 years before the abolition of serfdom, this is also against secular prejudice. A shocking shock.
  A luxurious theatre dedicated to female serfs by the earl in the Ostankin Palace has not received an audience for two hundred years, but the artistic charm of the building of the earl’s manor and the touching love between the earl and the female serf will make the theatre one day. Re-fill the audience.

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