46 Gordon Square At the beginning of
the last century, many famous British writers, artists and many other famous people gathered in the Bloomsbury area near the British Museum, and gradually formed a group, known as Bloomsbury group. In the early years, Mr. Hu Shi once translated it as: “Hundred Flowers Li”, and the meaning is directly taken from “Bloom”, and the suffix bury usually refers to a region in the United Kingdom, so it is translated as “Li”, which is a metaphor for the cultural prosperity of the blooming flowers here.
The Bloomsbury Group is the true salon of Cambridge’s cultural elite. Its core members are: writer Virginia Woolf and his wife, art critic Clive Bell, biographer Lytton Strachey, Painter Dora Carrington, Literary Critic Desmond McCarthy, Translator Arthur Wiley, Writer Victoria Sackwell-West, Economist John Maynard Keynes, Painter Duncan Grant, musician West Turner, art critic Roger Fry, writer Foster and others. In addition, philosopher Russell, poet TS Eliot, novelists Henry James and Aldus Huxley also had close associations with the Bloomsbury group. They have very similar worldviews, but without a clear program, they are not a genre or movement. However, due to the gathering of stars in this group, it has had a great impact on the history of literature. Most of these “Golden Brains of Europe” are outstanding students of Cambridge University, and almost all members have studied at Trinity College or King’s College in Cambridge. They usually meet every Thursday night to discuss issues such as literature, art and philosophy. “Their common beliefs are strict principles of art”. This small group doubted traditional ideas, scorned heresy, and explored the exact meaning of truth, goodness and beauty. With its self-contained aesthetics, it was unique in Britain at the time.
The members of the Bloomsbury group are unique, especially their complex emotional relationships and sexual orientation, which has always caused constant controversy. They acted boldly and attracted attention for challenging the existing social order and state apparatus. Stories have it that in February 1910, Virginia Woolf posed as Prince Mendax of Abyssinia, her brother Adrian posing as her translator, and Horace Cole posing as a British Foreign Office official, Duncan Grant and others disguised as Virginia’s entourage, went to Wemmers to visit the “HMS Invincible” of the British Navy, and were warmly received by the crew of the battleship. The whole deception was designed so flawlessly that it completely kept the Admiral in the dark. This big joke was later revealed by the newspapers. The apparent ostensibility of the national defense force and the bureaucratic system’s loopholes aroused the shock of the court and the public, and the British military and diplomatic circles suddenly fell into an extremely embarrassing situation. This funny “Prince Show” is still talked about.
”Queen of Culture” Woolf The
Bloomsbury Group was founded and developed by Virginia along with her sister, Vanessa, and her brother, Toby Stephen. In August 1904, Virginia moved out of the old house in Hyde Park and rented 46 Gordon Square in Bloomsbury. Toby often invites his Cambridge friends and many other literati to come to his home for afternoon tea parties. The quiet and comfortable environment here makes the guests relaxed and happy. They discuss problems and exchange ideas here. Later, it gradually developed into a regular “Thursday party”. It was also at this salon that Virginia and her sister, Vanessa, later met their husbands. In 1907, Vanessa married visual arts critic Clive Bell. Five years later, Virginia and Cambridge University scholar Leonard Woolf also married.
In 1906, Toby died of typhoid while traveling in Greece. After Toby’s death, the Virginia sisters continued and developed this afternoon tea party, and their ties to these artists became stronger, and their home became “the center of London’s literary life” at the time. Woolf’s literary creation was clearly intrinsically linked to such a liberal literary environment, and it was during her stay in Gordon Square that Virginia began to review articles for the prestigious British newspaper The Guardian and began her first The writing of the novel “Voyage”.
the end of the group
The Bloomsbury group began to show signs of disintegration during the First World War, and some members did not reunite until March 1920, when Molly McCarthy formed the “Memory Club” to write a memoir for Desmond and himself. stand up. Over the next three decades, these members met irregularly, with absolute candor, to recall their respective life experiences and to write their collective memoirs: their experiences growing up together, their college years, and their time at Bloomsbury. day. Although the members of the “Memory Club” are not the same as the members of the Bloomsbury group, the Bloomsbury group is an important theme of this club’s memoirs. In the 1920s, members of the “Memory Club” produced excellent works. In the 1930s, with the deaths of Lytton Strachey, Dora Carrington, Roger Fry and Virginia Woolf, the new Bloomsbury group lost its glory. In 1964, with the death of Clive Bell, the intermittent club gatherings finally ceased and the Bloomsbury group ceased to exist entirely. The Bloomsbury Group has been controversial since its inception. As an isolated and aesthetic literary organization, it has a significant and far-reaching impact on literature and art after the 20th century, and even wider social life.
46 Gordon Square At the beginning of