What is “culture”Tolerant, Open and Pragmatic Singapore Education

  Singapore is a country with a short history, a small territory and poor resources, but after just a few decades of struggle, it has now developed into a modern country with a developed economy and a civilized society. This achievement is closely related to Singapore’s emphasis on education. Specifically, Singapore’s education has the following characteristics: A
  
  tolerant educational environment
  
  Singapore is a city-state where Eastern and Western cultures meet. Except for the four major ethnic groups in the country – Chinese, Malays, Indians and Europeans, Singapore almost converges people from all over the world, it is a pluralistic society. How to avoid ethnic conflicts and achieve co-existence and co-prosperity of all ethnic groups has become a real social problem faced by the newly established Singapore government. To this end, the Singapore government has established a tolerant social and educational environment.
  In this multicultural society, the government legislates to protect the languages ​​and status of the four major ethnic groups, and stipulates that English, Chinese, Malay and Tamil are the official languages. In addition, while advocating and learning from Western advanced culture, it vigorously promotes Eastern Confucian cultural traditions, and actively promotes the “Asian Moral Values” of “nation first, society first, family as the root, and society as the foundation”. For the people of Singapore, in addition to the goals of democracy and freedom, safety, cleanliness, fairness, politics, health, order, discipline and efficiency are equally important goals. In the course content, the Singapore government has added the fine traditional virtues belonging to the oriental people, such as attaching importance to family values, diligence and thrift, and being friendly to neighbors, so that students can practice and care about the people, things and things around them. Through these measures, the Singaporean government ensures the establishment of a multicultural society where co-existence and co-prosperity.
  The Singapore government implements a bilingual education policy. English is stipulated as a compulsory language for students and has the de facto status of an official language. Students of all ethnic groups must learn their mother tongue as a medium to preserve their traditional culture. At present, Singapore has implemented a bilingual education policy from nurseries and kindergartens. The school assigns an English teacher and an other language teacher to each class of different age groups, allowing them to teach children in two languages. The implementation of the bilingual education policy has enabled the vast majority of students in Singapore to be proficient in both languages.
  The implementation of the bilingual education policy not only helps to resolve disputes and contradictions among the various ethnic groups in Singapore due to different languages, but also promotes harmonious communication among the various ethnic groups in Singapore through bilingual communication, so that “seeking common ground while reserving differences, negotiating consensus, and racial harmony” , religious tolerance” was embraced by Singaporeans. In addition, with the implementation of bilingual education, the English proficiency of Singaporeans has been continuously improved. Through English, an international language, Singaporeans can directly absorb the latest information from various aspects of the world without language barriers, learn and master the world’s advanced scientific and technological knowledge and management experience, thus promoting the level of Singapore’s technology and management. The improvement has laid a good foundation for the revitalization of Singapore’s economy and the enhancement of its national strength.
  
  Global Education Orientation
  
  As a city-state with a small territory and poor resources, to maintain economic growth, it must position its prosperity on globalization. Specifically in education, it adheres to the orientation of education globalization.
  Due to the unique language, system, history and other reasons, the Singapore education system can be directly integrated with the Western education system. At the primary and secondary school stage, Singapore basically adopts the oriental education model, and at the university stage, young people can either receive education at home or choose to study abroad. Singapore provides all students with two education modes, the East and the West, and students in Singapore have the right and advantage to freely choose between the two education modes.
  In addition to studying abroad, Singapore also introduces high-quality educational resources from famous foreign schools, so that students can enjoy the educational resources and achievements of international famous schools in China. Singapore cooperates with many university educational institutions in China, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom to jointly open universities in Singapore. In addition, Singapore’s universities have implemented many international cooperation projects using their rich international relations network, which have become an important symbol of Singapore’s universities being closely connected with the world. Some of the more important international cooperation projects to date include: Singapore-Stanford Partnership, Singapore-MIT Alliance, Cornell-Nanyang Institute of Hospitality Management, and Singapore-Washington University Bioengineering Alliance. These collaborations with leading international schools ensure that Singapore’s universities are at the forefront of technology and research.
  In addition to establishing strategic alliances with famous international schools, the Singapore government has also vigorously attracted overseas students. Singapore has a well-established education system and system, which is a successful example of integrating Eastern and Western education. While vigorously developing education and popularizing national education, the government also attaches great importance to attracting overseas students to study and provides them with scholarships.
  At present, Singapore has 3 universities and 5 polytechnics, more than 40 other professional institutions, and hundreds of private institutions. There are more than 360 primary and secondary schools and international schools of various types, which are the first choice for foreign students to study abroad. Although Singapore’s land area is small, university education is very attractive internationally. Even many European and American students come to Singapore for undergraduate studies. 20% of the undergraduate students at the National University of Singapore are foreign students, and foreign students in the graduate department account for as much as 60%.
  The Singapore government has recruited elites from all over the world to study in the country. In addition to developing its own education and economy, it can also provide sufficient social capital for the future of Singapore. It is precisely because international talent has played a huge role in various fields in Singapore that Singapore’s competitiveness and international status will continue to improve.
  
  Pragmatic educational practice
  
  Since the establishment of Singapore in 1965, due to the limited national resources and the competition from nearby countries, Singapore has formed a pragmatic social and cultural atmosphere. In education, it is reflected as a pragmatic educational practice.
  While committed to excellence in teaching and research, Singapore schools also maintain strong links with industry and business. Many universities in Singapore offer professional courses based on the needs of the business community. Each college has an advisory committee made up of industrialists, business leaders, senior civil servants and academics, and many courses in the school are run under the advice of the committee.
  At the same time, the University of Singapore has also set up an “innovation center” on the campus, and many companies and enterprises have established places for students to practice in the school. The university also has many student organizations such as Debating Society, Computer Society, Buddhist Society, Indian Culture and Social Research Society, Japan Research Society, Machinery Manufacturing Technology Club and many other places for physical exercise, providing students in Singapore with a lot of learning and exercise opportunities. .
  Singapore schools attach great importance to the training of teachers, and the school invests a lot in teachers. In Singapore, teachers are civil servants, and teachers are paid more than ordinary civil servants. In order to strengthen the construction of faculty, the University of Singapore has set up faculty recruitment offices in the United Kingdom and the United States and other countries, attracting internationally renowned scholars to teach with high remuneration. About half of the professors and associate professors who teach in universities in Singapore are hired from foreign universities, which is also an important measure to ensure the quality of education.
  Singapore education not only focuses on students’ academics, but also focuses on the development of students’ personalities, so as to cultivate all-round talents. At the school, students can participate in a variety of extracurricular activities, such as symphony orchestra, art class, dance class, etc. These extracurricular activities are the cradle of developing students’ broad interests.
  In addition to a variety of on-campus and extracurricular activities, students can also participate in various experience camps. This kind of experience course includes going to the park to have a bird ecology learning experience, so that students can not only observe the lovely bird world up close, but also learn about the living habits of birds, thereby stimulating students’ awareness of environmental ecological protection. Through these exploration education and physical fitness test of returning to nature, it can not only deepen the effect of students’ learning, but also cultivate students’ independent problem-solving, hard-working and stress-resisting ability, and cultivate students’ all-round personality. It can be said that through participating in various experience camps, the students cultivated have a strong sense of citizenship and social responsibility, meeting Singapore’s social needs for high-quality talents.
  It can be said that it is precisely because of the above-mentioned unique educational concepts and practices that Singapore has rapidly developed from a British colony to the “Education Capital of Asia”, and its talent quality has ranked first in the world for five consecutive years, becoming a model of modern civilization.

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