Tuareg man wearing a veil

  When I was working in Algeria, I had the honor to take part in the trip of foreign military attachés in Algeria to Algeria organized by the Ministry of Defense of Algeria, which lasted for 10 days. In the vast Sahara desert, what impressed me the most was the Tuareg people who lived in the Tamanrasset area with us.
  Generally speaking, in the Arab world, women must wear the veil, while men do not. However, in the brightly lit tent, the Tuareg women who attended the party were not wearing veils, and were very active, giving welcome speeches, taking the initiative to chat with us, and became the protagonists of the event, while the men were all wearing veils. , There are not many words, a scene of a matriarchal society. An older woman proudly said to me: “Women’s place in the Tuareg tribe is like the trunk of a big tree. All life is decided and arranged by women, and what women say makes sense. Yes. It’s not something to be ashamed of men to admit.” This is a peculiar custom of the nomadic Tuareg people in the Sahara Desert.
  According to an official from the Algerian Defense Ministry, the Tuareg people live in the Sahara desert region where Algeria, Niger and Mali meet, with a population of about 1 million. For generations, they have lived in this vast desert against the wind and sand and the scorching sun, grazing livestock along the trails trod by camels, and spent a long time in their own unique way of life.
  Men wear the veil, so people call the Tuareg “the people who wear the veil”, and because the veil is blue, they are also called “the blue people”. It is understood that this veil is called “Ibone Bardot” in the local language, also known as “Dagri”. The veil is a piece of blue wool fabric 23 cm wide and 3 meters long, embroidered with brown lace. The veil is draped over the face, with only the eyes exposed, and is looped around the neck and drawn down to the chest or back. Men must wear a veil whether they go out or at home, and can’t even take it off when they sleep. They only take off part of the veil when they eat, but they also need to cover their mouths with their hands. If a man shows his mouth at will, especially in front of a woman, it will be considered an unforgivable faux pas. Even if you accompany guests to tea, you should carefully hide your mouth under the veil.
  In the past, when a Tuareg man turned 16, his father gave him a veil and the family held a ceremony to celebrate. During the ceremony, the teenager will also receive a traditional Tuareg double-edged sword, indicating that he has grown up to be a warrior. However, the official veil will have to wait until the age of 25. In recent years, some places have separated the giving of the sword and the veil, that is, a young man gets a double sharp sword at the age of 16, and then gets a veil when he gets married at the age of 25.
  There have long been various theories about why Tuareg men wear veils, an Algerian defense official said. One argument is to protect the face. Adult Tuareg men, whether grazing or doing business, spend all day in the desert wilderness. In order to protect their faces from the strong sunlight and the desert, the veil has become an indispensable protective item. Another way of saying it is to disguise yourself and not let the other party recognize you. This is because some Tuaregs are engaged in merchandise trafficking, while others make a living by road robbing, they inevitably encounter, fight and even bloody death, which inevitably leads to endless fighting between families or clans . Men wearing veils to prevent the other party from being recognized is the best way to avoid such incidents. There is also a legendary saying that the Tuareg people are brave and good at fighting, and whenever they return from an expedition, the villagers will welcome them. Once, the villagers went to the village entrance to greet the returning team as usual, but they were never seen. A week later, people waited until the listless remnants were defeated. Immediately, the atmosphere of joy disappeared, and the women present were so angry that they took off their veils and threw them at the defeated men. Cover your face.” The defeated men put on their veils in shame. In order to remember the lessons of these defeats forever, the men never took off their veils.
  Another unique custom of the Tuareg is respect for women, according to Algerian Defense Ministry officials. Women have a high social status, can participate in public activities and tribal meetings, and have property rights; they do not engage in economic activities and housework, and have sufficient time to devote themselves to literary and artistic creation; they have extensive knowledge and are proficient in the traditions of their own nation. Men are less literate and spend most of their time herding and laboring. The custom of Tuareg respecting women is concentrated in marriage customs. Taking marriage proposal as an example, its form is: a man should put on his best cloak and ride a camel from afar. When the drums were played, the ceremony officially began. First, a love poem is recited, and then a group of knights surround a group of girls. For the girl he likes, the knight can take the girl’s hand, put his thumb on the girl’s thumb, and pour out his love to her softly. If the girl does not like the man, she will press her finger on the man’s wrist to express her rejection. At this time, the man must not force it again. Tuareg weddings are grand, with festivities taking place from day to dusk, and marriage ceremonies taking place in the evening. Young couples cannot leave the tent for seven consecutive days after marriage.
  According to relevant information, the Tuareg people are a branch of the Berber people in North Africa. They live a nomadic life in the Sahara Desert, living in red tents made of sheepskin or wool fabrics, and have no fixed residence. They love music and poetry, and are used to swords, spears and daggers. The Tuareg people are the most adept at using deserts in the world. They build beds with fine sand, dig sand pits to collect dew, and fish in sand rivers, which is a must. They believe in Islam and are influenced by Islam, and Arabic is gradually replacing Tiffinagar. The Tuareg people are mainly nomadic, mainly raising camels, sheep, cattle, horses and donkeys, of which camels have the largest number. They have a deep affection for the camels they keep and are able to discern every nuance between camels.

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